With the end of WWII, three of the world’s superpowers-the United States, the Soviet Union, and Great Britain-decided to converse in Potsdam, Yalta, and Tehran. The purpose of the first meeting, Yalta, was to decide upon the fate of Europe and how they felt it should function in the future. Although they had many different opinions and arguments during the conference, they ended up requiring Germany’s unofficial surrender and split Germany up into 4 pieces, which would be ruled by both France and the three allies respectively. At the end of the conference, the three allies decided that a discussion was needed for the possible formation of the United Nations. The allies decided that another conference in the near future was necessary.
During this conference, Stalin agreed to take on the responsibility of helping the U.S. with Japan. Thus maintaining the free voting process in European countries, and to return all of the land that Russia seized from Japan in 1904. FDR’s submissiveness to the Soviet Union ended up allowing the Soviet Union to become even stronger post-WWII, and would lead into the Cold War. Firstly, the government of Germany suffered heavily from the decisions of the allies in post-WWII.
Germany eventually declared its surrender to the allies in May 7th, 1945. Churchill, Stalin, and FDR, decided that it would ultimately be best to split Germany into four equal sections and would then grant France the power to oversee this new split-up of Germany. The Soviet Union acquired the majority of Germany from its capital Berlin to its eastern border known as East Berlin. Stalin had previously promised the German people that he would let Germany be run as a free voting government, but in reality what Stalin did was convert the political system into a dictatorship. Stalin’s new political system led to the construction of what is now known as the Berlin wall. This wall was constructed to separate the dictatorship and democratic sides of Germany. The wall was meant to allow the spread of communism in Germany without any interference from the rest of the world.
However, some people actually believed that the new political system was positive, reinforced by the new education system set in place. This free spread of communism allowed Stalin to increase his popularity among his people and the rest of the world. This further allowed him to spread his communistic principles past Germany into other Asian nations.
In addition, the Yalta conference gave the Soviet Union control over the Kuril Islands, South Sakhalin, and the ports Arthur and Darian. The allied nations ultimately agreed to these terms. With the control over these new territories, the Soviet Union was able to expand their communist government, which attracted Chinese attention.
China, being under the control of Mao Zedong, was a communist regime. Russia noticed noticed theses similarities between the Soviet Union and China, and would eventually support the chinese. They would work towards spreading the idea of communism throughout new territories across asia. Roosevelt’s submissiveness, by letting Russia spread communism throughout asia, made Russia become an even stronger nation than before.
Thirdly, another country that was affected by the three conferences was Poland. At this time, Russia and Poland share a rough history. In 1921, Russia and Poland engaged in conflict, which ended with Poland’s victory, allowing them to push their borders further east. In addition, during World War II, Russia invades Poland and set their border to the Curzon line. The conflict between these two nations was not set until the Yalta Conference. Because of this conference, Poland’s boundary was set officially to the Curzon Line.
Because of this, Russia ended up gaining even more land , allowing Stalin to gain even more power.In conclusion, FDR’s submissiveness to the Soviet Union ended up allowing the Soviet Union to become even stronger post-WWII, and would lead into what is known as the Cold War. During the meetings of FDR, Stalin, and Churchill, three key decisions were made, the split of Germany, Poland’s Eastern Border, and the islands that were once Russia’s.