What is science?
“Science is both a body of knowledge and the process used to
get that knowledge,” (Pg. 1 What is science?). It is a way in which humans can
study of natural, physical things, and how they work. Through questions, observations,
and tests, we can find evidence to increase our knowledge of natural things.
What kinds of questions can science answer? (Give at least 2 examples not found in the
Science can answer many questions, but there are limits. Science
can only answer questions that are testable, things relating to the physical
universe in which we live. Things such as how an organism thrives, why it gets
cold outside, or how our bodies work are things scientists have studied. Things
relating more toward our physical mortal state, here on earth.
What kinds of questions can science not answer? (Give at least 2 examples not found in the
Though science can answer many questions, science has its limits.
Because science can only answer questions that are testable, it can not answer
things pertaining to the supernatural world. Things such as is there a God?
What is the real purpose/reason we are all here? Or even why we sleep? Questions
like these can seem incomprehensible because there is no was to find physical
evidence that they are or can be true. I really like in the reading when it
said that things pertaining to supernatural forces “operate outside the rules that govern the natural world,”
(Pg. 3 What is science?).
What are the rules for using science?
Science focuses on the natural world, and tries to explain
it. They must be testable ideas, science thrives on evidence from those tests.
Science must contain a scientific community, a group that records all scientific
data. Science never ends, there is always going to be unexplained or unexplored
parts. People involved in science must use scientific behavior.
How might we use science and not know it?
We use science everyday without even thinking about it. If
something isn’t working, we observe, and do tests to see what is wrong. Based
on what we inquire, we can come to a decision, of how to solve the problem.
How did Ernest Rutherford use the scientific process in his
work on atomic discovery? (Please give
details on Rutherford’s work.)
In the 1900s Ernest Rutherford studied the structure of
atoms. Many had thought, as well as Rutherford, that atoms were made up of
evenly distributed positive charged particles. Rutherford decided to test this
theory again. He fired tiny positively charged alpha particles at thin sheets of
gold foil, and to his fascination some of the particles passed through
unaffected, while others were defected by the gold foil. Because of Rutherford’s
tests and observations, he was able to bring to light a new model of the atom’s
Why is it important to have a scientific community?
“A scientific community is the community of people and
organizations that generates scientific ideas,” (Pg. 7 What is science?). They
record all scientific tests and observations and evidence. They make sure to
maintain a cumulative knowledge base, this allows science to build upon itself,
because they keep everything recorded and secured. They can push science
forward by checking and double checking each other’s work.