We the eye pupil. In Fig.2 by the artist

We experience
the world around us by our five main senses, namely,
vision, hearing, touch, taste,
and smell that are demonstrated in the following by artworks. Senses feed
our brain with bits of information that help us to build a picture of the
complicated world around us. Scientifically a sense is defined as a means of
receiving information from the environment or from the body and converting it
to an electrical – chemical code that is processed by the brain. The sense of vision demonstrated by
Figs.1-3 is the most important one that enables us to see the world around us.
It is defined as the perception of an object by the eye or the process, power
or function of seeing. In the process of seeing light stimuli received by the
eye are interpreted by the brain and constructed into a representation of the
position, shape, brightness, and usually colour of objects in space. It enables
also to distinguish between near and far objects, measure distances and create
in the brain a three dimensional space. In Fig.1 painted by the Polish artist
Rafael Olbinski we notice a small propelling of the middle of the eye pupil. In
Fig.2 by the artist Spaniard Juan we see the reflectance mirror where in Fig.3
we observe a self–portrait of Salvador Dali that strongly emphasised the organ
of vision. The sense of touch is
demonstrated in Figs.4 and 5 where the last one is by Rene Magritte. This sense
is the sensitivity to a stimuli originating outside the body. It is interesting to emphasise this relationship from the
thermodynamic point of view as an interaction between a “system”, the skin, and
its “surrounding”, everything else. The next sense is the sense of hearing, which is the sense by which sound is perceived.
This sense is the basis of interpersonal communication and the ability to
capture sounds – sound waves – from the external environment with the ears.
Paintings 6 and 7 of the artist of the Dutch artist Van Gogh and 8 of Games Marsh demonstrate the external ear, its auricle, which is the visible
part of the ear that constitutes the first element with it the sound creates an
interaction. The next sense is the sense
of taste defined as the ability of distinguishing sweet, sour, bitter, and
salty properties in the mouth that is created by receptors on the tongue. There
are five tastes: sweet, salty, sour,
bitter and umami that is a Japanese word for the taste imparted by glutamate in
foods. Figure 9 by the German artist Quint Buchholz and 10 describe the sense
of taste that allows distinguishing between tasty and delicious when the tongue
is the primary organ of taste. This is emphasised in Fig.14 by Magritte due to
the additional tongue. And finally the sense
of smell that is the ability to distinguish volatile chemicals in air and
odours. It is depicted in pictures 11 of
Czech Oliver Solga and 12 of the surrealist René Magritte where the picture of
Solga emphasises the fact that the smell eventually absorbed in the brain.
Drawing 13 is the image of Mona Lisa in which it is possible to distinguish the
senses of vision, smell and touch where in Fig.14 and 15 of Einstein all five
senses can be observed.