Trade associations and regulatory bodies have an impact on the traveland tourism sector as tourist know that they can trust companies that are apart of ABTA and ATOL.
This provides extra security on transactions betweencompanies and customers, allowing a high certainty of protection. As a result,with organisations being certified this limits fraudulent conducts.TradeAssociations & Regulatory Bodies Ancillary services are basically allthe extra that come alongside a holiday that tourists may require. These arethings such as travel insurance, foreign exchange, car hire, tour guides andmany more. Travel agents offer ancillaries to their clients to have a fullholiday experience.
Ancillary Services Much of travel agents have relationships with multiplechains that dominates the market. Companies such as Thomson and Thomas Cookboth have established tour operators that sells their products. As more andmore customers are booking their holidays over the line or online as oppose tothe traditional way of visiting a local travel agent, companies have looked tooutsource and relocate to places such as India to take advantage of the lowlabour cost of call centres. Travel Agents Tour operator’s role is to create package holidays andsell them to their customers in the form of package deals. They establishinterdependency with different organisations providing hotels, transportationto complete all the different components needed to produce these package deals.Which are distributed to travel agencies or directly to customers. Packageholidays are widely advertised throughout the internet and often sendsnotifications to customers regarding the possible package deals that may fit thecustomers desire. Thomsonand Thomas Cook are one of the largest tour operators in the world which sells similarholidays in packages that appeals to many holidaymakers because everything isplanned out and they can enjoy their getaway without any hassle.
Tour Operators The Tourism development board and promotion plays anessential role in the Travel and Tourism Industry in the UK. This helps promotethe country’s tourism at a larger scale, attracting inbound tourists as well asdomestic to the UK. In return it will create income and employment for localbusinesses; creating a positive outcome and increase on the country’s GDP.Visit Britain is the UK’s prime tourist board responsible for promoting the UKworldwide through showcasing historical and common attractions that can befound in the UK. For example, The Big Ben, London Bridge, London Eye and manymore all in hopes of persuading tourists to flock to the UK. Visit Britain has itsown website providing various information’s regarding future events happeningin the UK. The Website is widely accessible and available in a variety of languagesfor foreign visitors interested in finding out more about the UK.
Tourism Development and Promotion Events attractions can vary fromsmall to large scale. In 2012 the London Olympics brought millions of touristsin the UK which helped boost the country’s tourism. Other events like MusicFestivals are also a big deal where people from all over the world come towatch artists perform and have a good time.There are 4 different types of attractions: Natural,purpose built, heritage and events. Attractions are a vital part as they bringtourists from all over the world. Natural attractions are things that’s formedand been created by nature.
Most of these areas have been developed by addingfacilities for the public to see without causing damage to the nature. Theseattractions can be caves, waterfalls, lakes and other scenic views. The LakeDistrict National Park is one of many natural wonders in the UK and is heavilyprotected in order to maintain its natural course. Purpose Built attraction arestructures that’s been purposely constructed for tourism.
For example, in theUK, there’s the Big Ben, London Bridge, London Eye and many more where peoplefrom all over the world flock to London just to see them. Heritage attractions are old architectures that’ssurvived along the years and are now considered historical. In the UK alone,most attractions are considered historical and have been in place forcenturies. For example, the canals, railways and battlefields. These naturaland cultural heritage are preserved in order for people to gain an appreciationof the past. Stonehenge, located in Wiltshire, England is a popular historicallandmark owned by the English Heritage that’s often visited by many touristsdue to its unique design and structure. Attractions Air transport on the other hand falls under 3 categories, Domestictravel. Instead of driving from London to Edinburgh for instance which couldtake half a day, people could take domestic flights that takes under an hour toget to the destination.
Scheduled services however, are planes that operateunder a published timetable. For example, London to Dubai. Airlines such asEmirates, British Airways and Qantas are one of many airlines that follows aschedule. This means people are able to book their flights well in advanced.
Charter flights however, are linked to a package holiday where the operatorswork together with an airline. Example, Thomas Cook, Ryanair, EasyJet and BMIbaby These are normally low-cost flights. When travelling by sea, it’s usually travelling byferries or cruise liners. Ferry companies operate services between the UK,France and Belgium as well as other destinations. For example, P&O Ferries.
P&O cruises travels to 90 Countries in the World. Also, statistics showthat in 2009 1.5 million people in the UK took a cruise rather than anyother type of transport. Though since the channel tunnel began operating ferryservices have fallen dramatically.
However, cruise liners which is another formof travelling by the sea is steadily gaining attention and attracting touristsfrom all over the world. For example, the Royal Caribbean Cruises is attractingfamilies, young people and groups of people which prefers to travel by sea dueto the fact they may be scared of flying/heights therefore this is an easyrelaxing alternative for them. However, cruise liners can be expensive and dueto high demands people may find it difficult to book tickets therefore it mustbe done in advanced and can cause a lot of hassle.Sea & Air Transport Another way of transportation is by rail. In the UK thenational rail has trains running to most places around the UK and are veryfrequent. There are also more popular train firms such Virgin trains that arevery cheap and easy to book. For instance, London to Manchester would only cost£25. Alternative popular method of transportationis through the channel tunnel which links London to Paris by taking theEurostar.
Compared to airfares, Eurostar costs £45 compared to Airlines such aseasyJet where prices can be over £100 taking into consideration that it’s abudget airline. Furthermore, it’s quicker and less delays whereas budgetairlines are frequently delayed which would take longer.Most cars in the UK are privately owned and is used for day to daytravel.
Most people travel by car because it’s much cheaper in contrast toother forms of transport such as flying. Tourists specifically may choose tohire a car when they’re abroad as they would have more freedom to explore andaren’t restricted. Also, road trips are becoming a huge thing and When peopletravel, they typically skip head straight to their destination. By going on aroad trip, you’re giving yourself an opportunity to see places you didn’t thinkexisted. Over the years this hasled to the expansion in the car hire sector. Popular hire car companies such asHertz and Europcar are one of many companies that have benefited from thegrowth of the car-hire sector.
However, some people may not want to travel bycar on the road, instead take coaches such as the National Express Coach whichin hindsight are much cheaper and requires minimal planning but is very slowand would take hours than expected to arrive at the destination. Road & Rail transport Transportation A non-serviced accommodation is a service that doesn’t include a mealand other hotel services and simply only provide the accommodation. An exampleof a non-serviced accommodation is a caravan park, such as Butlins, camping(Haven Holidays), guesthouses which are rented out for a couple of daysprovided by companies the like of Airbnb and self-catering youth hostels. People may stay at guest accommodation forthe sole purpose of wanting to experience the local culture of the town or thecity they are visiting. Furthermore, there are also non serviced budget hotelssuch as Premier Inn and Travelodge are basic accommodation that offer a goodvalue for money. People specifically tourists may prefer to stay at budgethotels such as Travelodge as it can be cheaper or they don’t necessarily needthe extra service and would just want the basic accommodation and most of thetime they will probably be eating out at restaurants as well as being outsidetouring around the city,Non-serviced accommodation A servicedaccommodation provides reception, cleaners, foodand drink (Restaurant), room serviceof clients as they are accommodated in a temporary residence that’s furnishedand available for short term or long term stays and which provides amenitiesfor daily use such as spas, swimming pools and other facilities. An example ofa serviced accommodation is the Hilton hotel offering very high service to alltheir customers. This can be through their cafes, luxury hotel on site bars andrestaurants as well as their luxurious suites which comes in different level ofprices depending on the customers desire.
Most of the time, tourists with thepurpose of travelling for leisure or business will want to treat themselves andare less reluctant to stay in a luxury hotel over a basic budget hotel. As forHilton Hotels which is known for its all-inclusive package, there’s also what’scalled Half board serviced which is common at bed & breakfastaccommodations. People stay at B & B’s if they are only due to stay for thenight or visiting a relative and isn’t keen on spending too much thereforeopting for the cheapest option.Serviced accommodation There are many different types of accommodation available in the traveland tourism industry such as hotels, guesthouses, bed & breakfast, youthhostels, trailer parks. Accommodation can be split into 2 categories; Servicedand non-serviced.Accommodation There are several key components that serves the traveland tourism industry.
Accommodation such as hotels and bed & breakfast,Transportation where the main forms of transportthat tourists use to go on holiday are rail, road and sea, Ancillary servicesincluding products such as car hire, airport parking, holiday insurance andforeign exchange, attractions which can be historical, events, natural andlandmarks. Travel agencies/tour operators sell ancillary services for the solepurpose of making holidays better for their customers. Tourism Development andPromotion helping Visit Britain which is the national tourist boardresponsible for advertising UK to inbound and outbound tourists.Travel & Tourism components Domestic tourism relates to people that are travelling within theircountry which they are a resident of for tourism purposes. For example,travelling from London to Manchester or from Manchester to EdinburghInbound tourism are individuals coming in to visit a country which isnot their country of residence.
For example, tourists coming in from the USA tothe UK are inbounding to the UK therefore are considered an inbound tourist.The term outbound tourism in the UK refers to UK residents travellingout of the country. For instance, you become an outbound tourist from the UKwhen you visit France or Spain.Types of Travel and tourism