To Atticus also strives to prove the innocence of

To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee is a fictional book that is an exploration of human morality, it
tries to make the reader see between inherent goodness and evilness in people. The
book takes place in a town called Maycomb, Alabama during the Great Depression.
Told through the eyes of a young girl named Scout Finch, the reader learns that
her father Atticus Finch, and lawyer who tries to prove that Tom Robinson, a
black man falsely accused of raping Mayella Ewell who is white woman, is
innocent. Atticus also strives to prove the innocence of Boo Radley, a
mysterious neighbor who saves Scout and her older brother Jem from being killed
by Mr. Ewell, the father of Mayella.      
Throughout the book, Scout and Jem make a change from innocence to maturity,
when they start to realize that not everyone is purely good, that they have
evil in them.           During Tom
Robinson’s trial, Jem and Scout are disappointed when the jury convicts Tom
Robinson as guilty, when he is obviously innocent simply because he is black
and was accused by a white woman. Jem is shaken by the fact that there is
indeed evil in the world they live in. This struggle causes Jem emotional pain,
as he tries admit to himself of the unfortunate realities that things such as racism
and inequality exist. When Jem is talking with Atticus juries, Atticus tells
Jem straight forward that a white man is always superior to a black man, “In
our courts, when it’s a white man’s word against a black man’s, the white man
always win. They’re ugly, but those are the facts about life.” Atticus tells
Jem that although he lives in an unfair place, he must deal with it because it
cannot be changed.                                                                                                                        During
Tom Robinson’s trial, Atticus argues that not all black men are bad and
therefore Tom Robinson should not be pronounced guilty because of that. He
states that no race is more evil than another and that humans in general have
the ability to pursue both evil and good. He argues that black people are
capable of lying and not be trustworthy, but he states that this does not apply
just to blacks, but to all humans in general, “But this is a truth that applies
to the human race and no particular race of men.” The truth he speaks of is
that all humans have the ability to lie, be immoral and not be trusted around
women. Most people of Maycomb believe that simply because a man is black, he is
guilty of anything accused by a white man, which is clearly incorrect and
Atticus tries to show them they are wrong.                                                                                              While
reading Mr. Underwood’s article on the Maycomb newspaper, Scout comes to a
realization that Tom had lost the case before it even began, “Tom was a dead
man the minute Mayella Ewell opened her mouth and screamed. The wrongdoing of
the trial shocks Scout as she realizes that the justice system failed. She now
knows that Tom Robinson never had the chance to be proven innocent since the
town and jury is biased to white people. Although the town knows the truth is
that Mr. Ewell is the one that is guilty for what happened to Mayella, it was
easy for him to frame Tom Robinson simply because he was black, and he was
going to prove guilty without any factual evidence because of that.                                                                                                          Although the characters know that there
is some sort of good in their community, they also realize that there is evil
in their world. There are many situations that help them realize about this
evil, for example Tom Robinson’s trial and the fact that he was proved guilty
simply because he is a black man. In the book, evil and wrongdoing is basically
racism, unfairness and inequality amongst people, especially blacks. In the
beginning characters, such as Jem and Scout believe only good exists in people
and as they start maturing they start to come in terms with the fact that evil
exists in people.