Throughout this course, we have learned about a wide variety of events that have shaped our society and world as we know it today. Cooperations between different people such as Mongol-European trades, the renaissance and it’s ground breaking expansion of knowledge, philosophy, art, and science and more, and lastly, documents, such as the magna carta, aimed at granting justice and rights for all individuals, can all come together to create an idealistic blueprint for a future civilization. With trade facilitating the access of resources to prevent famine and/or supply shortages, the renaissance with its wide offering of new ideologies in different fields, and political declarations that ensure equality and justice for all, we can learn a lot from the past and, in fact, the past has shaped who we are as a species today. This very reason is why history, and historians at large, play an impactful role at influencing future civilizations. All in all, the above stated are exemplary events which occurred in the past and should be used as inspirations. The cooperation between the Mongols and the Europeans allowed for a wider range of resources to be accessed by both Europeans and Mongols. This can be used as a model for future civilizations because it shows how cooperation between two different people can be used to the advantages of both parties, in which both usually benefit. This could also demonstrate that good international relations can predominantly bring about benefits rather than disadvantages. Not only did it provide a wider breadth of resources, but it also made ” trade profitable”(Rosenwein, Barbara . A Short History of the Middle Ages, pg. 279) profitable for European civilizations – allowing the economies of Europe to widen and become more powerful. It also encouraged the desire for innovation such as ships with ” more cargo area yet required fewer oarsmen ” ( Rosenwein, Barbara . A Short History of the Middle Ages, 279 ), making it notable as both a tool to encourage innovation and to strengthen economies, making it an excellent model for a future civilization to uphold and consider. The Renaissance was an ultra imperative aspect of history should really be heavily considered and highly viewed. The renaissance allowed for ground breaking, revolutionary technologies – such as the printing press, new technologies to enhance the understanding of space and the world in a wide sense, as well as the facilitation of movement – newly discovered philosophical ideas, science, literature, as well as different, original art forms. In my opinion, the renaissance is the most impactful and interesting section of the early modern era, and rightfully so. Additionally, new forms of science made medicine and the understanding of life and our surroundings more sophisticated. People had more access to more sophisticated medicines to cater to their medicinal/health needs. During this, many people benefited from the renaissance by acquiring ” a new repertory of vocabulary, symbols, and styles” ( Rosenwein, Barbara A Short History of the Middle Ages, pg. 345 ) as well as acquiring new knowledge from both the past and present, with the addition of having access to more efficient technologies to allow for a better quality of life. Declarations that ensure human rights and liberties, such as the Magna carta, are imperative for a progressive, democratic state. All humans deserve a right to live a life as they desire, without being forced to conform to ideologies and values of a ruling or authoritative class. For examples, the jews during the first crusade being “forced with conversion or death” (Rosenwein, Barbara A Short History of the Middle Ages, pg.278 ) is a good example of what atrocities human beings had to go through merely because of their association with a particular religion and/or sets of beliefs, making these documents and movements longing for peace senseful and humane. Additionally, the magna carta, or the great charter, sought to define “the “customary” obligations and rights of the nobility and forbidding the king to break from these without consulting his barons.” ( Rosenwein, Barbara H.. A Short History of the Middle Ages pg. 328) and it also stated that all “free men had rights that the king was obliged to uphold” (Rosenwein, Barbara H.. A Short History of the Middle Ages pg. 289 ) All in all, trade and cooperation with other countries or people can help establish world peace and benefit people making them wealthier and grant them access to things that were before unavailable or limited in said country, the renaissance allowing for newly acquired knowledge for most to all individuals in most given commune as well as given way to technological innovations that facilities and enhances overall quality of life, and declarations to promote individual rights and liberties and to limit the power of authority can be used altogether as a seemingly good and essential model for the formation of a progressive, democratic, and cultivated future civilization.