Throughout and to spread information, especially throughout times of

Throughout
history books have been used to express emotion and to spread information,
especially throughout times of strife and fear. Animal Farm and 1984 are both
centered on major time periods in Soviet history, however they create a
compelling fiction with minor historical aspects. While Animal Farm and 1984
both relate to Soviet Russia, they do not hold up in the modern era and fail to
provide a sense of suspense, leaving readers feeling disappointed with overall
minor use of relevant information. 1984 follows a man named Wilson and his life
in society if a Soviet like society took over. With Animal Farm following
animals on a farm that overthrow their owner and create a semi-communist
society. Animal Farm begins with the eldest pig, Old Major calling a meeting to
share a dream in which animals live without animal oppressors. The animals then
overthrow their owner and at first the farm prospers and the animals learn to
read and learn Animalism. The head pigs, Snowball (Trotsky) and Napoleon
(Stalin) begin to oppose each other and Snowball is later kicked out by
Napoleon. Animalist principles now begin to blur from the original and propaganda
begins to spread, promoting Napoleon. As the pigs become more powerful
propaganda is spread for Napoleon. Years pass and the pigs are more and more
like the humans that they once resented. Animalism is reformed and holds only
one principle, “All animals are equal, but some animals are more equal than
others.” While 1984 follows Winston, a low ranking member of the ruling party
in London. The party watches everyone at all times through the use of
telescreens and if one is suspected of even thinking rebellious thoughts they
are arrested. Winston is frustrated by the oppression and rigidity of the
Party. Winston works in the Ministry of Truth, altering documents to benefit
the Party. One day Winston receives a note from a woman, Julia, saying that she
loves him. Eventually they rent a room above an antique shop in the poor part
of town. As time progresses he begins to hate the party more and more and is
called to meet O’Brien, a high ranking party member. Winston and Julia meet
O’Brien at his apartment and after talking soldiers along with the antique
owner rush in and capture them. Winston is sent to the Ministry of Love and is
tortured and brainwashed by O’Brien. After months Winston confronts his
greatest fear, he then snaps and is then released, brainwashed, and fully
accepts the Party.

            Next, both stories battle with the
idea of identity, specifically the characters own identities and what identity
is trying to be forced upon them. Characters in 1984 are constantly having the
ideas of the party pushed upon them, this causes the main struggle of the story
in which Wilson has his own unique identity that conflicts with the party’s. These
conflicts cause Wilson to form a rebellious identity which is the main cause
for progression and plot development in the story. Animal Farm follows a
similar pattern in which the animals break the norm by forming their own
identities and creating their own society. Unknowingly this identity begins to
emulate that of a communist society, specifically a failed communist society
where the higher ranks are better off than the rest of society, which is the
main driving force in the story. Along with these ideas of identity are the
ability to inform the reader of the unique history found throughout which these
texts were written.

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            Both 1984 and Animal Farm, while set
as stories, intend to inform the reader of certain aspects of Soviet Russian
history. Totalitarianism one specific term found throughout these texts,
specifically through the emulation of key Soviet events in Animal Farm and
through the presence of one overarching party or government in 1984.
Totalitarianism while present, is much more subtle in Animal Farm. The
characters are not implicitly known and a mild amount of background knowledge
is required of the reader thus causing some vital information to be missed
throughout the reading. While 1984 is much clearer in showing the presence of a
totalitarian society, especially when certain aspects of this society are
described. This is found through the use of the telescreens and the idea that
the characters have no free will or ability to express unique ideas due to the
fear of the party. Although this is a good method to inspire fear, the overall
goal of the text is lost due to the way in which society has changed over time,
with the idea of an immense soviet power being lost over time. Revolution is
another key term that is found throughout both 1984 and Animal Farm. 1984
introduces revolution through the development on the main characters ideas and
the hope that one day a revolution will overthrow the party. This hope for
revolution creates one of the main driving forces in the text, in which Winston
believes deep down that a single high ranking party member is willing to assist
in the revolution against the party. Animal Farm takes a more direct approach,
starting off with the animals inspired to revolt against their human owners.
This revolution against the humans is a major plot piece that sets up the rest
of the events in the text. Along with these ideas of revolution come the
identification of Bolshevik, which is commonly found in Animal Farm due to the
representation of the “lesser” farm animals as Bolsheviks. Due to the text’s
direct relation to Soviet history five year plans are common. 1984 introduces
five year plans as something that is often changed to make the party seem more
legitimate. Legitimacy is derived from this due to the fact that the plans are
changed to make them always correct similar to how they were during Soviet
times. Animal Farm shows these five year plans in the early stages of the story
as the society becomes more developed and needs more sophisticated requirements
for food, materials, etc. These, like any other communist society, fail and
eventually become altered to provide more legitimacy for the higher ups in society.

 Though these
texts do have the ability to inform the reader of important historical events
in their own unique way, certain aspects are present that fail to provide
relevant information. A major flaw found in both texts is the length, with 1984
being far too extensive and Animal Farm being quite short. Animal Farm feels as
if more information could be included if it was extended slightly to make the
ending feel less abrupt and have the possibility to include more details near
the conclusion. 1984 is the inverse of this, leaving the reader with a feeling
of exhaustion when drawing near the end of the text due to the multitude of
details that were added. Also due to the way in which communism has progresses
the dystopian future depicted in 1984 is incredibly unconvincing. 1984 failed
to create a sense that this future was actually possible, due to the dull
writing and the redundant information that goes on and on. Another failure in
1984 is the creation of an unbelievable totalitarian society, with certain
aspects of a totalitarian society being completely ignored; totalitarian
societies generally tend to eventually lead to a collapse of power structures
and 1984 shows almost no flaws in society other than the miniscule possibility of
rebellion. While it is understandable that this is intended as a story, there
could have been a more considerable effort put into the research to allow the
story to have a greater similarity to Soviet history. Animal Farm shows this
history in a much more realistic way, through the use of certain characters
representing key figures and showing the main reason why a communist society
would fail. Although, Animal Farm does do a better job a depicting Soviet
history, it still has some flaws. Mainly being the fact that without prior knowledge
the main point of the text is lost; due to the fact the story is centered on
the Soviet Revolution and the people and events found throughout that time
period are not always known to certain readers. While this is the main flaw,
along with the length of the text, there is also the fact that

Overall these factors, while they may have been a good
choice at the time, fail to hold up in modern society and generally lower the
reader’s opinion on the texts. Although, the texts are not a total failure
there are some major points that could’ve been improved on which would have
made the overall experience of reading these texts much greater. Animal Farm
follows a group of animals that overthrow their owner and form their own
society eventually resembling a communist society. This text exemplifies the major
downfalls of a communist society, however not without having its own. 1984
follows this relation to Soviet history, showing the terror of a communist
society if it eventually gains too much power. However this terror is not
consistent with modern culture due the previous downfall of the Soviet Union.
Although these texts do have major flaws, as do all, they do serve some
importance to informing the reader of the unique history of the Soviet era.
Even though these texts can be interpreted in multiple different ways, there
are some clear themes and ideals that the author wants to be expressed to the
reader, especially the idea of a fear of strong communism and the reasons that
a communist society would fail. Overall, while these texts are not completely terrible
there are some major flaws that draw away from the general ideas backing them.