Thissection of the work offers the concepts pertinent to the focus of the Article.The rational for the inclusion of this section in the article lie on the factthat terms or concepts are bound to have different interpretations and meaningsdepending on one’s view of the word, experience and frame of reference, beaware of the fundamental concepts as have been used in this context will setthe focus on the main theme of the Article, hence it will easy to understandingthis Articles.CybercrimeAct 2015An Act to make provisions forcriminalizing offences related to computer systems and InformationCommunication Technologies; to provide for investigation, collection, and useof electronic evidence and for matters related therewith.
Bydefinition CybercrimesIs therange of offence types involving the use of Information CommunicationTechnology (ICT) such as Attacks against the (CIA) which means Confidentiality,Integrity and Availability of computer’s information or services. OrCyber-crime is an umbrella term used to describe two distinct, but closelyrelated criminal activities: cyber-dependent and cyber-enabled crimes (McGiureand Dowling, 2013), the former are offences that can only be committed by usinga computer, computer networks, or other form of ICT. These act include thespread of viruses and other malicious software, and distributed denial of service(DDoS) attacks. Cyber-dependent crimes are primarily acts directed againstcomputers or network resources, although there may be secondary outcomes fromthe attacks, such as fraud and the latter, cyber enable crimes, are traditionalcrimes that are increased in their scale or reach by the use of computersnetworks or other ICT, this includes but not limited to fraud (includingmass-marketing frauds, phishing email and other scams, online banking and e–commerce frauds) theft (including grooming, and the possession, creation anddistribution of sexual imagery). The definition of cybercrime does not acceptedup to now but almost people continue define cybercrime as the crime committedover the internet which might include hacking, defamation, copyright infringementand fraud.
According to Oxford Dictionary of Law (2002), cybercrime also meansany criminal or other offence that is facilitated by or involves the use ofelectronic communications or information systems, including any device or theInternet or any one or more of them.