This research paper tends to illustrate cases oflabeled difference and binary opposition between the Moroccan culture ; whichis represented by Tangier , and the West ; mainly represented by theEuropean powers such as France and Spain , who were predominant in the Moroccancolonial history during the 18th and 19th century . The native Americans weresubject to colonization because of their ” Barbaric ” traits , so how wasTangier looked at during the unstable period of the 18th and the mid 19thcentury ? The paper will fundamentally discusshow the Western powers described the peoples of the colonies who were subjectto a firm colonial discourse that is represented by the imperial administration, and to compare it to the situation of Tangier which was an international zonethat is inhabited by diplomats , ambassadors and foreing people , in additionto the natives . To explain further , there were casesduring the colonial period where the Western stereotyping regime wasopposed from within by passionate advocates , such as the Spanish bishopBartolomé de Las Casas ; ” Protector of the Indians ” , who was amongthe first Europeans to settle in the Americas : ” New World ” . Hedenounced the atrocities commited against the native Indians by the Spanish ,for they were labeled as barbarians and uncivilized according to the colonizerperspective (1) , which resulted in the exploitation of the native’slands : gold and silver , raw materials , slavery , as well as theviolence inflicted upon them . In general , during and after theenlightenment era , the Western powers related on the concept of expantion atthe expense of other nations , under the pretext of preaching and spreadingknowledge , but the motive was mere politic and economic . In the book ” InMorocco ” , Edith Wharton argued that Résident Générale Lyautey was giving ahelping hand to Morocco and maintained its social and economic balance .
Here ,Lyautey represents the French colonial power , and therefore this is a contradictionin the colonial approach . So , I will try to explain this and state it as theanti-thesis of the research topic . DHOUMI 2Researchmethodology : I intend to use the concepts of surveillance andclassification by David Spurr (2) ; which are key to the study of othercultures , for the purpose of emphasizing the differences between the colonizerand the colonized , and also identifying how the European powers were superiorto their colonies , especially when they see themselves as more civilized thanJews , Arabs and Berbers in the case of Tangier . Also , this analysis tends to clarifyour understanding about how race , religion , and cultural otherness wasperceived in the time of colonialism , in addition to the European ”judgement”on other cultures , and therefore the type of their interference in it . From an angle , the main discussionwill be about the definition of barbarism in the old and modern European colonialism which is embodiedin diplomacy and politics .