This is a summary forchapter one and two from the textbook, FromCritical Thinking to Argument FourthEdition, by Sylvan Branet and Hugo Bedau. Chapter one of the textbook is anin depth look into critical thinking. Chapter take a look into how to criticalreading. With both a writer is able to bring different arguments into onepaper; while being able to keep their original thesis clear. Critical thinkingand critical reading both have multiple component to them.
Critical thinking is a way to be able to look at multiplesides of argument. When you critically think you need to be able to put yourbeliefs on hold. You have to in away be able to open yourself up to the otherside of sensitive topics or issue’s.
By doing this you will be able to slowlypick apart your writing and some else’s. This type of thinking takes a little bit to develop.Through the processes you will be able to come to a different conclusion thanwhat you would have before. To start the processes you should take your time readinga piece of writing. When finish with the piece of writing you can make a prosand cons list. With this you will be able to see where your thinking is at. Bydoing this you will be able expand upon your original thought.
By writing youare bring out part of the critical thinking process. The textbook givesmultiple examples where you have to use your critical thinking to be able tofully grasp the idea of the writing. Next part of critical thinking is criticalreading.
Critical reading is where you start to break down thepiece of writing. In this process you are looking for the thesis and the mainpoints of an essay. This when you should go through the writing a few times. Bythe third time you should be able to come to summarize the essay. If you areunclear about something than you should be able to paraphrase, but this shouldnot end up in your final essay.
This is because this could lead to accusationsof plagiarism. If you are taking from another author in any way you should givethem full credit. Summarizing is a way to bring the key points out of a pieceof reading in your own words. When someone reads your summary they should beable to pin point the thesis and key points from the original piece. Critical thinking and critical reading go hand in hand.
You cannot do one without the other when it comes to writing. Critical thinkingyou are able to take from different sides and be able to come to a conclusion.Critical reading is when you break down the writing. This is when you reallytake apart the writing. Then you bring critical thinking into this by analyzingthe key points and thesis from the writing. By the end of both processes youshould be able to a conclusion and be able to summarize the writing in your ownwords. Resources/WorkCitedBarnet, Sylvan &Bedau, Hugo. From Critical Thinking to Argument: Fourth Edition.
Boston, MA: Bedford/ St. Martin’s, 2014. Pages3-68