There arealmost more than 260,900 educational institutes in Pakistan that are givingeducation to more than 20 billion students with the assistance of 1.5 millionteachers. Among all institutes, there are 180,846 public institutes and 80,057private institutes.
So there are 31% educational institutes run by privatesector while 69% are public institutes. So ratio of public sectors is more. Theinfrastructure of our education system is mainly inspired from the BritishSystem. Firstly we have Pre-School education that is designed for 3-5 years oldchildren and usually consists of three stages; Play Group, Nursery and Kindergarten(KG). After pre-school education, students go through junior school from grade1 to 5. Only 80% of children in Pakistan finish primary school education.
Afterpassing grade 5 Examination which is conducted by the Punjab ExaminationCommission Lahore, students are promoted in to Middle Level School i.e. grade 6to 8.
The language and way of instruction of subjects in school depends on thenature of the institution itself, whether it is an English medium school or anUrdu medium School/ Government School or a Private School. Afterpassing Matriculation Exam conducted by BISE Lahore, students are promoted toCollege and University level education. Quality of education there also dependson nature of institute. Allsecondary schools come under the Ministry of Education.
All schools almostfollow a same curriculum and syllabus in two basic languages, English and Urdu.Up to 5th grade subjects taught are English, Urdu, Science, Islamiyat, Math andDrawing. After 5th grade there comes Physics, Science, Chemistry, Math,Homeconomics/Arts and Islamiyat. Then students are given choice between scienceand computer group in 9th and 10th grade. There are some schools who also offerPhysical Exercise of 15-20 minutes daily in morning and Training in CivilDefense, First Aid and Nursing during grades 9 and 10. There are also someschools who offer O levels and A levels. Our college education is divided amongFSc pre Eng. /Pre Med, ICom , FA and ICS.
Then in University level students areprovided with specialized education for 4 years.InPakistan’s Educational System, Government institutes specially schools are themost neglected in terms of financial support from the government side.Government spends the least budget on education which is less than 2 percent ofthe Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Government even spends more budget on armythen on education. Due to less financial support, Government schools are the mostunder paid and poor in performance.
40 % of the educationalinstitutes does not possess basic facilities such as electricity, water,guards, toilet and boundary wall. Even worse, they don’t have tables, chairsand even black boards. Students are forced to sit on floors there. Incontrast, private schools possess every facility of life but charges very highfees. Only topmost level of the society means elite class can afford them. Suchschools develop the personality of their students by focusing on their moralvalues but they are only for children from the rich and the powerful families.They generally maintain excellent facilities including libraries, laboratories,computer labs and highly-trained teachers.
It has been seen that the number offamilies which can afford the high fees of the private schools has beenincreasing. It is also considered a mark of high status to have one’s childrenadmitted to such schools because children there learn English language veryfluently which will be useful for their career in West. There are, therefore,tremendous pressures on such schools for admission. So ingeneral we can say that today education in Pakistan is for those who can affordthe high fees of private schools.
But dilemma is this that Elite class,bureaucrats and high officials are not paying any attention to educate thepoor. They are retaining education within their circle, that’s why rich arebecoming richer and poor are becoming poorer in our society. Private sectorshould allocate a number of seats for the lower class to facilitate them withgood quality as well as free education. Pakistanranks 189th in the world’s literacy ranking according to 2011 survey. Poverty,population expansion, feudal lords, wadera system, political behavior, maledominated society and lack of schools in rural areas are major reasons for suchlow literacy rate in Pakistan. Poverty is the biggest cause and the largestresistance in the development of a country. In fact in Pakistan 40% people areliving below poverty line. Thepoor does not have the income to afford education for their children.
Theyprefer to put their children on some work so can they get money for their food.The very poor even can’t afford the upkeep of their children and are forced togive them up to Orphanage providing free care or to left them on roads alone. Theother biggest cause of poor education in Pakistan is a lack of governmentinterest and powerful feudal system in villages and poor areas. Some schoolsalso have Political influence which is main cause of their institute. Eventheir examinations are not transparent and most of results are politicallymotivated. Due to less self-finance schemes, the government is limitingeducation only for upper class people.
Due to poverty thousands of childrenhave been forced to leave their education and work in inhuman conditions.That’s why our education system has failed to provide alternatives ofQuaid-e-Azam and Allama Iqbal. Gender discrimination is alsoa cause. People are very conservative and they don’t want their girls to go toschool and get education. That’s why the ratio of boys and girls in primaryschools is 10:4. The other cause is also social problems.School may be too far and students may not have facilities to reach theseschools. The countryside’s children do have not enough school for studies.
Another cause of illiteracy is family problems. If parents are workers, theywant their children to be workers too. Moreover nowadays there are a lot ofentertainments, which keep the children excited and busy. They spend their timeon such activities and don’t care about learning.
However, if we can fix these problems, wewould have education in our life. Teachersare the most essential component of any education system. However, studies showthat in Pakistan, no one is paying attention to the proper building of teacher personalityand resources and energies are wasted on mere improvement of the curriculum orsystem developments. Teaching profession is consideredthe most underpaid and unattractive professional service in Pakistan. Teachers get more than fewer salaries in thecountry. Teachers are unable to lead a decent lifewithin the salary provided to them by the government. This factor has affectedthe motivation level of teachers. The teachers as a whole do not take activeinterest in the performance of their duties.
This situation has ultimatelyimpacted the whole process of quality in teaching and learning in schools.There is also a big lack inpersonality of principals of schools. They lack the ability of staffcoordination and staff training. They don’t possess the proper vision whichleads them to feeling of superiority over staff. This trend has led tosituation where sometimes verbal wars take place between teacher and principal.The ultimate effects of this situation fall on the students. Even the processof quality of education in the schools is deeply affected.
There are no procedures of work insome schools either due to the ignorance of the administration. Administrationfails to instruct teachers the proper procedure of work. In some schools thereis lack of teaching staff which forces teachers in the school to teach moreclasses than their normal routine. This situation has increased more pressureson the teachers which leads to their physical discomforts. Such situationscauses teachers to cover the syllabus at any cost despite of quality inteaching and learning. Teachers cannot pay attention to individual studentswhich is a basic need of their personality grooming. Outdated Syllabus is also a big dilemma ofour education system.
Curriculum and the syllabus is the backbone of worth andsuccess of any educational system. This is something which should not bestagnant and should vary according to advancement of the modern world. Pakistanis facing one of the core problems of education whose foundations are beinglaid by the outdated and old traditional syllabus which is being taught to thestudents.That will not be wrong or exaggerated ifsaid that the syllabus which is being taught to the students today is the sameas it was being taught to their parents or even grandparents which is the realpoint of concern.The students and the teachers are fed up offollowing the same traditional and outdated syllabus and that is why studentsare switching to the other educational systems which includes the Cambridgeeducational system which has ultimately made the system of education weaker andless important. Effects of illiteracy on society areterrible. The most dangerous effect of illiteracy on society is that it worksas an inhibitor.
That is to say the more illiterate people there are in acountry, the harder it will be for the country to develop.Punjab Governor Chaudhry Muhammad Sarwarpromulgated on Tuesday evening the ordinance to make necessary provisions forthe implementation of Article 25-A, which was inserted in the Constitution in2010 binding the state to provide free and compulsory education to childrenaged 5-16 years. Since 2010, the Punjab government was supposed to legislateand provide free and compulsory education to children. The governor has nowpromulgated the ordinance as Punjab Assembly is not in session and he wassatisfied with the existing circumstances making it necessary to take action.The ordinance has repealed the Punjab CompulsoryPrimary Education Act 1994, and declared that all such laws be brought intoconformity with the scheme and objectives of this ordinance within five years. Accordingto a copy of the ordinance obtained by Dawn, every child has a right to freeand compulsory education from Class-I to X, non-formal education, vocationaleducation or a combination of all considering the needs, capability and age soas to ensure completion of education.
It states that a child or parent shallnot be liable to pay any fee or charges or expenses for completing education ina school owned or controlled by the government or local authority. So wecan see that despite having some of the worst education indicators in theworld, Pakistan is also making slow progress in educating. “For this noblecause to educate 57 million illiterates including 24 million out of schoolchildren, we are striving day and night with a mission to make Pakistan aliterate society,” Although provincialgovernments are providing free education to some extent but it is not enough toprovide children with the treasures of knowledge. Though Government isproviding free education up to primary level but it is limited only to someareas. Government should also make theacquiring of primary education as compulsory on every child in the province, soin such way the 4.6 million children which are not a part of any educationalinstitutions will be able to get education and will contribute their best partin improving the literacy rate.
Government should also increase the budget which is to beallocated towards education. Moreover highly skillful people should be employedon key posts so that they could give good education. There must be such programswhich arouse the importance of education and the urgency to learn amongstudents so that we could compete with the world. Islam promotes education andpeople should be aware of this very fact. There is an even when Hazrat Muhammad(PBUH) said that he would set free the prisoners who would teach Muslims.
Bythis we can comprehend to what degree education is importance in Islam. Education plays a vital rolein the development of a nation, as it contributes to the development of humancapital. Robust economic growth seen in western hemisphere is all by theirsophisticated education system. Our nation needs educationmore than anything in this world. We are currently on a constant threat ofterrorism which can only come to an end when the mindset of people will change andto change it we need propereducation. An illiterate person cannever think right and always find shortcuts to earn money resulting in highercrime rates and terrorism.
Unemployment makes a person do unreasonable thingsnot just in Pakistan, but everywhere in the world. Protecting schools fromextremists today will help to stem the rise of extremism tomorrow. Indeed,given the contribution of ignorance, lack of choice, and socioeconomicdeprivation to the rise of terrorism in parts of Pakistan and its surroundingcountries, ensuring that future generations have better education, improvedcapabilities, and good opportunities will ensure that the next generation willnot become easy prey for terrorist mindsets.If we fail to meet ourcommitment to standards education, millions of children will lead a life ofpoverty and struggle with their hopes, dreams, and potentials broken.
Thisrenders the country’s development potential. More than half of Pakistan’s populationis under the age of 25; who have potential to drive progress and prosperity inthe country – if, of course, they receive the proper education they deserve.