The Haitian revolution(1791-1804)was a successful anti-slavery revolt by the saint-domingans against the french. Saint-Domingue now, The Sovereign Nation of Haiti is a large island off the coast of Cuba in the Caribbean sea.
It was settled in 1625 by the french. From that time and for next 150 years slaves were brought in from other countries to work the sugar plantations. During the years between the french revolution and the settlement the slave population grew but the conditions did not improve. With the rise of napoleon the scene changed for the worst.Napoleon had his brother Charles leclerc sent to Saint-Domingue on an expedition, during this time leclerc had Toussaint Louverture a military leader and former slave arrested and sent back to France. This however did not start the revolution because the slaves of Saint-Domingue weren’t popular with the idea of Toussaint Louverture because he named himself governor or leader of the island for life and he wanted the slaves to stay on the island to farm sugar.When the Saint-Domingans found out about Napoleon’s plans to reinstate slavery in Saint-Domingue the Saint-Domingans revolted. The Leaders of this revolt were Jean-Jacques Dessalines and Henry Christophe they lead a black army and used guerrilla warfare while the french brought in man eating dogs from cuba and slaughtered innocent women and children, But the saint domingans had the best weapon, Disease yellow fever to be exact.
They went to win driving out frances forces and eventually becoming their own nation. On January 1st of 1804 Saint-Domingue became the sovereign nation of haiti.In october of the same year Dessalines assumed the role of emperor but two years later he was killed trying to suppress a revolt. Henry christophe took power in the north and during this time Alexandre Petion who was based in the south challenged him for power and a civil war broke out. In the end Henry Christophe won, he built a palace and a fortress to protect from invaders.
The Haitian revolution impacted history in ways we only imagine. First America first aided the french in the revolt but soon caught the haitians motives and told the french to look for another way to solve it. Some of the short term effects are: the french relied heavily on the haitians for supplies like coffee and Sugar, they also were one of the sole providers of money for the french so when the haitians revolted this cut off the frenches main source of coffee, sugar and money.