The they are in the process of developing rather

The concept of children
being view as a social construction has entirely changed over time due to
the consequence of political, social and cultural battles between
groups with distinct ideas about the best way to care for
children. Consequently, this paper aims to dispute why there is
a need to eliminate child work.

The concept of Childhood/
Child labour

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In order to consider
childhood from a social constructionist view is to discover
the significance which individual’s attribute to childhood
within a particular cultural context. Childhood is a global proven and
throughout past, which sometimes considers a child as innocent, helpless,
a consumer, a worker with additional domestic employee,
a hazard to society and it is a construction that shifts over time (Prout,
2010). Historians of childhood have maintained over the meaning, such
as Arie?s and Baldick, (1996) affirmed that the notion of ‘childhood’ did
not occur before the seventeenth century; thus,
children remained small adults with the similar abilities, privileges
and obligations. Hence childhood varies from society to society and its context
based on diversity, the idea of the individuals and their culture
(Mhic Mhathu?na and Taylor, 2012:40-42). Childhood can be described
as the initial stage of all individual life together values and beliefs.
Not all people in the world have the equal idea of childhood which shows
that childhood is neither global nor natural (Rea, 2008; Basu, 2003
& Ali Norozi and Moen, 2016; Mhic Mhathu?na and Taylor, 2012:41). However,
according to James & James (2012:122) ‘states that social construction is a
theoretical view that investigates how reality collaborated in everyday life
through community’s communications and sets of discourses’. Also, Kehily (2013)
affirms that social constructionist picture develops a discourse within which
children are not yet adult as they are in the process of developing rather than
the person. The socially constructed of childhood is signifies
that the perceptive of childhood is not a biological
process. Instead, it is the society which agrees when a
child is a child and when a child becomes an
adult; for that reason, the concept of childhood
cannot be separated as it tangled with the societies factors (Ali
Norozi and Moen, 2016; Mhic Mhathu?na and Taylor, 2012). However, despite
the comprehensive consideration of the above of what people
mean by childhood and the position children take is not
steady but differs from times, States and Nations. There is significant
variation in what individuals in diverse cultures think about the status
of young children in society, involving what children should and
shouldn’t be doing at particular times as well as how children must be
socialised at a particular stage at which they should be
viewed as adults. As a result, sociologists articulate that childhood
is in a social context (Mhic Mhathu?na and Taylor, 2012:39). Observing
from the social constructionist viewpoint, the concept of the developing child associated with psychology
and the work of Piaget, in particular, represent childhood in
terms of deficiency (James and Prout, 1997). Childhood in other hand is shaped
by the political, economic and cultural circumstances of society which impacts
continuously on children developmental ways. This signifies that childhood
possesses a certain degree which is established and termed by the people
(Ali Norozi and Moen, 2016). A child is deemed as every human being young
than 18years unless the majority in the law which
applies to the child is differed (Wild, 2013:25; Noguchi,
2002; Balton, 1990). Looking at the meaning of child indicates that every child requires
to have freedom, choice, and the privilege to be knowledgeable
and as such, no child should be driven to work as they demand
specific attention to grow into adulthood. Article 3 of the
UNCRC stressed the paramount welfares of children should be the key principal
matter in making choices that may influence them. Also, United Nation
Convention Rights of the Child 1989(UNCRC) lay down possible
standards which enforced Nations to give children an
atmosphere that will educate young children and enjoy their freedoms
(Noguchi, 2002; Balton, 1990; Lawrence-Karski, 1996). Therefore, adults
should ensure that children have acquired what the best suit
their development. Under the law, a child work
signified as labour to children which is unfair and illegal to
children under the age of 18 which is believed to be
harmful to their physical, emotional, social, spiritual and cognitive development (Woodhead,
2004; O’Donnell, Rosati and van Doorslaer, 2005). Moreover, the
Children Act, (2001) terms harm as an illegal action which comprises of neglecting children to different kinds of abuse
(Irish Statute Book). However, Parton (2012) advocated that resolving of what
must be considered child work are socially constructed, and are therefore
reflective of the ethnicity and values at a particular
period. Children who are involved in child work may learn how to
be productive and may become independent and mature
citizens. However, the children working in these types of activities
deprived them of attending school regularly and socialise with their
peers (Wild&Street, 2013; Rea, 2008; Fassa, Parker and Scanlon, 2010).
Child work is a reality of life for children in many countries, and it
is an issue that involves us all. The issue affects everyone to participate
in the ban of child labour. Child labour is not a new issue
because it has been existent in every part of the world since ancient periods.
In a recent history, it appeared as a concern during the industrial revolt
when they remained to work in unsafe environment for up to
12 hours a day. In 1860, fifty percent of children in Ireland between
the age of five and fifteen years were labouring.
In 1919, the world embarked on to report the concern of child
work and the International Labour Organisation (ILO) implemented
standards to eliminate it. During the 20th Century, some legally
binding agreements and international conventions were made, but despite these,
child work continues to till this day (Rea, 2008:5). But the fact that there
are many third world countries experiencing economic hardship which puts children in
a state of working in an unsafe and unsuitable environment
that influence their adolescence, there is a need to eliminate
because every child deserves a better education. Child labour
is a difficult problem that requires an inclusive solution. The most significant
result is to provide children with their right to be educated and feel secure.
Though there are individual charity organizations over there trying
to decrease the rate of young children employed yet there
are still children working in an environment which is not safe