The United States and Texas both wentthrough similar paths to independence, their constitutions are both verysimilar and very frequently they are compared to each other. They both givepower to the people and protect their rights. They also divide the power in thegovernment and use the system of checks and balances. It is obvious that thestate of Texas runs and has control over the Texas cities and the United Statescontrols the states. They both have power, but is the relationship that Texashas with its cities the same as the relationship that the Federal governmenthas with Texas? TheUnited States uses the system of federalism which is when the nationalgovernment shares the power with all the local or state governments. Thisprevents a government from taking control over everything and having too muchpower.
The United States’ government has its power divided up into the threebranches called the judicial branch, the executive branch and the legislativebranch. In the judicial branch known as article 3 which includes the supremecourts and the lower courts, the relationship between the federal governmentand state government is obvious. There aren’t any elections to appoint thejudges in the federal courts, but in the supreme court the judges are appointedfor life. The job of the judicial branch is to interpret the laws usingjudicial review and they ultimately decide whether something is believed to beconstitutional or unconstitutional. The executive branch or article 2 ofgovernment is made up of the president, vice president and the cabinet with themain purpose of enforcing and applying laws.
President and vice president arechosen by electors, which later meet in the state to vote who is chosen. Thepresident appoints officers and ensures laws are executed. The cabinet advisesthe president and the vice president is the one assisting growth anddevelopment of the firm. The legislative or also known as article 1 is composedof the House of Representatives and the senate, their main job is to createlaws. The senate has the ability to do things like impeach certain officialsand whenever there is a treaty they are responsible for its approval. The houseof representatives elects president if there is a tie and tax bills andspending bills originate with them.
TheTexas state government is similar to the one of the United States because theyboth have a constitution, they believe that they need a separation of powersand they use checks and balance to prevent anything or anyone from having toomuch power and allow them to regulate each other. The Texas constitution hashad many revisions on their process and phases to becoming a state. From theconstitution of Coahuila y Tejas to the Constitution of 1876 which is still thebase of what is in place today, there were revisions that made it as fair as possibleand gave power to its citizens. The United States and Texas’ constitution bothstart with the same purpose which is to give power to the people. They bothalso feature the concept of the separation of powers, which is dividing thepower of the government among several institutions that work together andcompromise together to make decisions. Another thing that Texas shares incommon with the United States is its three branches of government, theexecutive, judicial and legislative that regulate and overlap each other toprevent each from having too much power. Texas also has a system of checks andbalances that limits the concentration of power.
Tyranny is when the power iscentralized and James Madison focused on preventing that to happen. The last thingthat the Texas constitution has in common with the United States constitutionis that is the idea of federalism, which means that the government divides thepower by having a constitution, a central government and a regional government.They focus most of their documents to saying that power ultimately belongs tothe citizens. Thegovernment of Texas and the government of the United States are similar becauseof their three branches of government, the legislative, judicial and executive.The legislative branch of the United States consists of the senate and theHouse of Representatives while the Texas legislative branch consists of thelegislature with committees and office of the state auditor. The judicialbranch of the United States consists of the supreme courts and the lower courtswhile the Texas judicial branch consists of the supreme court of Texas and thecourt of criminal appeals.
The United States executive branch consists ofpresident, vice president and the cabinet while the Texas executive branchconsists of attorney general, governor, secretary of state, commissioner ofagriculture, Texas railroad commission, state board of education andcommissioner of general land office. By comparing the structure of thegovernments of Texas and the United States we can see that they have a lot ofthe similar roles that have similar responsibilities. In conclusion I believe that therelations ship between Texas and Texas cities and the Federal government andthe state of Texas are similar with the same functions. For example, whencomparing the structure of the government of Texas and how it is run it issimilar to the Federal government and how its runs the states of the UnitedStates. They both have their own three branches of government that have similarroles. Their constitutions have the similar main purpose which is mainlyfocused on giving the citizens rights and the power to have a say and make thedecisions on what happens. They both put an effort in making their governmentsdecentralized because they are against tyranny and letting just one branch haveall the power and making all of the decisions. Texas also has similar historyto that of the United States because they both went through a process anddifferent phases to their founding.
While being founded and creating documentsTexas used most of the ideas that were used in the founding of the UnitedStates. So, Texas and its cities are indeed analogous to the relationshipbetween the Federal government and the State of Texas.