The French and Indian war, also known as the Seven Years’ War, started during the early 1800’s when France, Spain and Great Britain all fought for control over North America. Wars between these countries, for example Queen Anne’s war, King George’s war and Father le Loutres war caused to be caught in the middle of this all was the Native Americans, they were forced to pick sides, Wabanaki chose France and Iroquois chose Britain. The French sent Pierre-Joseph Céloron to the mississippi basin to assert land claims, this move by the French angered many natives, these natives were said to be biased to the British, Céloron told the chief to stop trading with the English, but the chief continued causing a French war party to attack the trading post. Other tribes in the mississippi basin, or more commonly referred to as the Ohio river valley, chose to allie with the French to defeat the English, only to later on overthrow the French. In 1753 the Virginia governor sent George Washington, British war general at the time, to demand the French leave fort le Boeuf. But the French refused, only to have George Washington return with a larger force, as well as the Iroquois chief half king. On May 28th 1754, begin when a French scouting party was ambushed by Washington’s men in the battle of Jumonville Glen. As they were discussing the French surrender, the French commander was killed, this caused Washington to expecting a counter-attack they built fort Necessity, only to lose it two months later to the French. In 1755 the British tried to take a France fort but only to be crushed in yet another battle. All of those battles were just leading up to May 18th 1756, when Britain declared war on France. During the French forces captured fort william henry in 1757, leaving the british disarmed and allowing them to withdraw to fort edward. But during their retreat the Native American allies completely massacred hundreds of settlers that were completely defenseless. After this brutal attack William Pitt, Britain’s secretary of state, took the approach of funding militias in British colonies. During 1758 Britain captured fort Duquesne and fort Louisbourg, giving them access to Quebec and the gulf of St. Lawrence. The three tribes signed the British treaty, Iroquois, Lanata, and Shawnee, who left their french allies. Continuous British military victories caused the year of 1759 to be known as the year of miracles, they captured fort Ticonderoga, drove French out of the Ohio country, captured Quebec city, and took Guadeloupe in the caribbean. The French countered at the battle of San Floyd, but not before they were forced to surrender fort Niagara. The French troops were unable to resupply after their loss at Resta Gué. In Montreal, France was forced to surrender, ending most of the fighting in north america. But the french wanted a peace agreement from the british, so they signed a treaty with spain, but this war is not over yet. Britain seized the french caribbean islands dominica, martinique, and spanish havana. Finally by 1768, france and spain diplomats came together to create the Treaty of paris, which ended the fighting in north america, and a separate treaty ended the war in europe. In north america, spain took cuba from the british in exchange for cuba, the french gave louisiana to spain as payment for all that the spanish had lost. France surrendered all of french canada to britain, only to recover the caribbean islands they had lost. By the end of the seven years war the british had doubles their national debt, forcing them to modify the taxes on the american colonies to regenerate their loss. France and their defeat took a toll on the government and the monarchy was could not ease much of the suffering caused by their new financial problems.