“The Raven” is one of the most famous poems that Edgar A.Poe published. The poem is known for its gothic and dramatic qualities. InEdgar A. Poe’s “The Raven” the speaker is depressed over his lost love Lenore.He conveys this message through various literary devices such as symbol,character, narration, and abstract language.
The main character, our narrator for the story is portrayedby Poe in the opening lines as a rather collected yet disturbed character;voicing his concern for the reader’s assumption at his insanity. Providingdramatic irony in the poem the reader knows that the narrator is indeeddemented. “The Raven” he discusses the characters flaws of the narrator: “Andthe only word there spoken was the whispered word, “Lenore?” This I whispered,and an echo murmured back the word, “Lenore!” (29). This is a human response tohis loss of his beloved Lenore. Finally, when the passage comes to an end thelover is lamenting the loss of his love and is sitting on Pallas, while theraven seems to further instigate his stress about his constant repetition usingthe word “Nevermore”. This is our average metaphor for an average human, thatdesires to see his other significant other.
The unnamed narrator sets the atmosphere in a gothic settingwith a lonely mansion with a dying fire, and a “black December” night while heattempts to distract himself from his troubles and worries. He thinksoccasionally of his emotions but although the effort required to do so he triesmake his words equally slow. Nevertheless, he is confused and annoyed by thebird that repeats that one word over and over again. He appears throughout the poemto be fighting with the raven but is actually struggling within himself. Eventuallyhe realizes that the Raven is sending a message and he starts to move on by thebird staying with him forevermore.
“Andthe Raven, never flitting, still is sitting, still is sitting on the pallidbust of Pallas just about my chamber door”. (101) The main character in thestory assumes he is not mad but continues to show the readers the opposite.The Raven is just a bird, but a representation of death theloss of Lenore.
It only speaks one word throughout the poem saying “Nevermore” ina repetition. In Greek mythology, ravens are associated with Apollo which sent awhite raven, or crow to spy on his love. The Raven speaks only words of wisdom,letting the audience know that the bird is reminding the main character the lossof his love Lenore. The narrator perceives the Raven as a wandering ancientcreature. Lenore is another one of theother symbolisms that takes places in the poem for lost love and in a sense theloss of the narrator’s soul. Our narrators sorrow for his lost is the drivingforce behind the conversation with the raven.
“Quoth the Raven, Nevermore”. (45-46)This reference helps create a stronger link between the Raven and an old worldof Queens and Kings and knight’s era. Edgar Allen Poe’ The Raven, was published in January 1845. Poe’sideal at the time was about writing fiction poems which was unheard at thetime. Many readers found Poe’s work enraptured and said the poem was veryvapid. Poe claimed that “Beauty of whatever kind is a supreme developmentinvariably excites the sensitive soul to tears”. He chose to make a woman asone of his main topics because he believed that nothing was more poetical thana beautiful melancholy.
As Poe was writing this poem he was trying to attemptto carve out a living for himself as a poet. Poe throughout the passage related to humanistic traits likedepression, vanity, loneliness and pride through various of literary deviceslike the Raven which symbolizes the human fear of death. He has achieved thisin many diverse ways from abstract meaning of the word “Nevermore” to theconnotation of what a raven actually represents. The unreliable first-personnarrator whom serves as our metaphor for an average person suffering a loss ofa loved one resembling our narrator’s broken heart.