The state ofliterature is affected by what is happening in that place. The history and someimportant event that happen in some place have a big impact in literature andit even could change the state of literature in that place. Some people arevery interested about English literature. There are some changes in English literaturefrom time to time. Because of that, English literature was divided into severalperiods. One of the important periods in English literature is ‘The Age ofElizabeth’ which happened in 1550-1630. This period was called as enlightenmentand the greatest age in the history of English literature.
In Elizabethan agepoetry was blooming, drama is in a golden age, and there’s a development ofprose. There were so many great writers that evolved in this period. WilliamShakespeare was one of the most famous writers in the age of Elizabeth. The weresome interesting thing that we can get about Shakespeare like his life, hisworks and also how the historical background of the age can affected his works. William Shakespeare was very famouswriters even until now. He was an English poet, dramatist, and also an actor. Hewas known as the greatest dramatist all the time and called English nationalpoet. Shakespeare was born at Stratford, a market town on the river Avon in warwickshireon April 23, 1564.
He was the third child of eight children of John Shakespeare.His father, John Shakespeare, was has more than one occupation like a butcher, aglover and a farmer. In 1565, John Shakespeare was chosen as an alderman and bailiff(mayor) of Stratford in 1568. And Mary Arden, his mother, was a daughter of thelandowner.
Shakespeare allegedly attended a grammar school in the town.Education at Stratford school was based on Latin grammar, rhetoric andcomposition. He was learned about how to to read, write, and speak the languagepractically well and studying some of the Classic history, moralists, andpoets. And it was forbidden to speak English in the upper forms. At fifteen years old, Shakespeareleft school.
He did not go to the University. And at eighteen he married AnneHathaway, who was eight years older than him. So, Anne was 26 years old at thattime. Theymarried on November 28, 1582 in Worcester, in Canterbury Province. Anne wasfrom Shottery, a small village a mile west of Stratford. Their first child born on May 26, 1583, they namedher Susanna. And two years later their twins was born, Hamnet and Judith, onFebruary 2, 1585.
But then Hamnet was died in age 11, thecause of his deathwas unknown. After the born of his twins, in the same year Shakespearewas suddenly disappear from public until 1592, the year when his works showedon the London stage for the first time. People called his disappear in theseseven years as “Shakespeare’s Lost Years”.
William Shakespeare madehis first appearance on the London stage in 1592, but no one know the exactdate. There, his plays were written and performed. After 1594, his plays justperformed to a company that owned by a group of actors (Lord Chamberlain’s Men),which became one of the greatest companies in London. In1599 Shakespeare,with the players that acted in his play, created his owntheatre on the River Thames and it was called the Globe Theatre. His careerwent increasingly. Shakespeare was succeeded in acting and also as aplaywright.
He worked with his team in the Globe Theatre until 1610. In thesame year Shakespeare was retired from working on the stage. After that, hespent the most of his time in Stratford. Many sources said that WilliamShakespeare was died on April 23, 1616, on his 52nd Birthday. Then,two days later he was buried at the Holy Trinity Church in Stratford on April25.
WilliamShakespeare was a great writer. He known wrote 37 plays in the differentcategories. His plays generally divided into three categories as comedy, tragedyand history. First is Shakespeare’s comedy. It usually has a happy ending.
Itcould be about two people who love each other but have many problems in theirrelationship, often contain the disguise to hide someone identity and a cleverservant. His plays that categorized into comedy are: All’s Well That Ends Well,As You Like It, The Comedy of Errors, Cymbeline, Love’s Labours Lost, Measurefor Measure, The Merry Wives of Windsor, The Merchant of Venice, A MidsummerNight’s Dream, Much Ado About Nothing, Pericles, Prince of Tyre, Taming of theShrew, The Tempest, Troilus and Cressida, Twelfth Night, Two Gentlemen ofVerona, Winter’s Tale. Then, the second is Shakespeare’s tragedy.
In this playsusually contain the death of the main or the important character in the story,the character has a bad social life or being ignore in society, believe thatdestiny was has to be happen, often has a noble as central figure that has abad characters and causing many problem. His plays that categorized intotragedy are: Antony and Cleopatra, Coriolanus, Hamlet, Julius Caesar, KingLear, Macbeth, Othello, Romeo and Juliet, Timon of Athens, Titus Andronicus. Thethird is Shakespeare’s history. This kind of plays is focus to tell about thekingdom life and usually based on the true condition of the age of Elizabeth. Hisplays that categorized into history are: Henry IV (parts I and II), Henry V, HenryVI (partsI, II and III), Henry VIII, King John, Richard II, Richard III.
And there arealso his poetry such as: The Sonnets, A Lover’s Complaint, The Rape of Lucrece,Funeral Elegy by W.S., Venus and Adonis.
Thehistorical background of Elizabethan age was also affected to the works ofWilliam Shakespeare. The age of Elizabeth is the era of settlement and expansion.In this era the state of politics and religion were stable. Even though thereare dynastic problem, but that was not a big problem that can made a serioustrouble or chaos.
The settlement in this era was gave a good impact to theliterary works of the writers, including Shakespeare. Moreover the QueenElizabeth also gave a big support in literature, so he has more chance to makea good quality of literary works. And he also can develop a comedy and tragedy,his works didn’t just about war. There was no big problem that could cause a warin this age.
Whereas in this era there a so many expansion, not only the areabut also the knowledge. An intellectual of people were increase so much, so itgave a good effect to produce a better quality of literature. The conclusion is, WilliamShakespeare was one of the greatest writers, not only in the age of Elizabethbut also in the history of English literature. Shakespeare was an Englishpoet, dramatist, and also an actor. He and his works are still admired by manypeople until now. Born in Stratford and educated in grammar school in that town,the genius Shakespeare apparently did not continue his study to the university.Married with Anne Hathaway, a woman who older than him by eightyear, they has three children. His career went brilliantly with many successes.
There are three categories of his plays, such as: comedy, tragedy and history. Andall of his works was also affected by the historical background of theElizabethan era. So, the state of literature is also depends on the conditionin that country.