The most important things to consider when devising anexperiment are prior knowledge of the topic, testability of the hypothesis, comparability of thecontrol and experimental groups, and the means by which you plan to collect, track, andinterpret the data. You must also consider what you would like to use as the independent anddependent variables, and make sure that these variables eliminate the possibility of spuriouscorrelation. Another thing to consider when planning an experiment is whether or not theexperiment is ethical. After conducting the experiment, you must analyze the data you collected,and then draw conclusions from these analyses.
These conclusions may or may not supportyour hypothesis, but no new information is completely invaluable. Anything learned during anexperiment is paramount to the scientific process, as it gives future experimenters knowledgethat was not previously noted, and eliminates the need to conduct another, similar experiment togain information that is already known. The findings could also raise new questions whoseanswers could be vital to solving other dilemmas. For these reasons, it is crucial that youcommunicate your findings and results with other people in the scientific field. The scientificprocess is a universal tool that is imperative not only to discovery, but also to science as a wayof knowing. However, the scientific process is not the only way discoveries can be made.
Othermethods of discoveries can include (but are not limited to) serendipity, observation, andperseverance with difficult projects.