The Gulf War Conflict and compromise is dealt with by many countries which usually starts with a disagreement then goes into war then there will be a resolution. A conflict is when there is a disagreement between two parties or more. Hence a compromise involves all parties agreeing on a solution to the conflict for a positive outcome for all parties with minimizing harm. A great example is the Gulf War.
There were over 20 countries in the war including, U.S.A, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, U.K, France, Australia, Syria, Qatar, Morocco, Pakistan, Argentina, Canada, Egypt, Bahrain, Italy, Oman, Bangladesh, U.A.E, and the Czech Republic. So, in this historical paper I will be talking about the conflicts and compromises of the Gulf War.
One example of a conflict during the Gulf War was when Saddam Hussein said that Kuwait had been illegally pumping oil so there was a conflict between Iraq and Kuwait. The conflict is when Iraq accused them of illegally pumping oil. The UN Security Council called for Iraq to stop war with Kuwait. On Aug.
7, U.S. troops moved into Saudi Arabia to protect Saudi oil fields.
On Nov. 29, the United Nations set Jan. 15, 1991, as the deadline for a peaceful withdrawal of Iraqi troops from Kuwait. But Saddam Hussein refused and would not agree. So as soon as he refused Operation Desert Storm had started on January, 18, 1991.
This is conflict and compromise because the United Nations tried to bargain with Iraq but they refused so that led to conflict. During Operation Desert Storm The Iraqi Army’s occupation of Kuwait that began 2 August 1990 was met with members of the UN Security Council. US President George H. W. Bush deployed US forces into Saudi Arabia, and urged other countries to send their own forces to the scene. An array of nations joined the war, it was one of the largest military alliance since World War II. The great majority of the coalition’s military forces were from the US, with Saudi Arabia, the United Kingdom and Egypt as leading contributors. Over 500,000 American troops were placed in Saudi Arabia in case of an Iraqi attack in Saudi Arabia.
Traditionally, Iraq was an ally of the Soviet Union, who held a veto power over any potential UN military action. Looking westward for support for their dramatic internal changes, the USSR did not block the American plan. On January 15 1991 operation Desert Storm came into play and this was the main conflict of the war.
American forces and Saudi Arabian forces blew up and destroyed Iraq’s military targets for the next several weeks. Iraq responded by launching Scud missiles at American military barracks in Saudi Arabia and Israel. Attacking Israel was a strategy to persuade all the neighboring Arab nations to join the Iraqi cause.
After intense pressure and negotiation, the Arab nations remained in opposition to Iraq. Even though the war seemed to finish, on February 24, the ground war began. Although the bombing lasted for weeks, American ground troops declared Kuwait free just 100 hours after the ground attack was initiated. American foot soldiers moved through Kuwait and entered southern Iraq. This posed a big problem for the United States. The military objectives were complete, but Saddam, the cause of the whole war, was still ruling Iraq from Baghdad. President Bush feared that the allies would not support the occupation of Baghdad. Concerns were raised that if Saddam’s regime were toppled, the entire nation could disintegrate into a civil war.
Soon Iraq agreed to terms for a ceasefire, and the conflict had been calmer. As you can see the Operation Desert Storm was the major conflict and the resolution was when they had agreed a ceasefire which means no more bombing or shooting. During the Operation Desert Storm there was many weapons used. The Operation Desert Storm was one of the first wars to be majorly assisted with high tech technology and aircraft, etc. One of the most important aircraft was the Lockheed F-117 Nighthawk. The Nighthawk belonged to U.
S.A. This Aircraft was really important because it led the first set of bombing on day 1 across Iraq. If the crisis in the Persian Gulf should lead to full-scale war, United States and Iraqi forces would square off in a desert four times the size of France in a battle unlike any other in American history.
While most American, British and Israeli military experts say United States aircraft in the region could quickly smash an Iraqi invasion of Saudi Arabia, American counterattacks on the ground might cause problems by a relative lack of armored vehicles, without which ground troops in a desert environment can do little more than defend static positions. On the desert sand that covers most of Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and Iraq, wheeled vehicles bog down quickly. Only those vehicles with oversize low-pressure tires or tracks -tanks, armored personnel carriers and fighting vehicles – can remain mobile off the few roads that cross the desert. American M-60 and M-1 tanks and M-2 Bradley Armored Fighting Vehicles were the vihicles used during the Gulf War. All of the weapons used during Operation Desert Storm brought together was an amazing collection of military equipment stemming from several world powers including Britain, France, U.
S.A, Germany, etc. They were fought from air, sea and land and was once called “The largest land army in the world”. In the Persian Gulf there were many causes because everyone knows that the entire world depends on the Middle East for its oil needs. The scenario was no different in the year 1990.
Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, and Iraq were the main producers and exporters of oil to the world. There were two main reasons why Iraq invaded Kuwait. The main being that Iraq was under huge economic debt due to the long Iran-Iraq War, which lasted from 1980 to 1988. It owed a lot of money to various countries, including Kuwait.
To pay off the debt, it depended largely on the revenues gained from the export of oil. This is where the second reason behind the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait arose. Iraq felt that Kuwait and Saudi Arabia were overproducing oil and due to this, oil prices were not able to stabilize at a high price.
During the year 1990, when Iraq invaded Kuwait, the official reason that was given was that Kuwait was overproducing oil purposely so that Iraq would be unable to hold its ground economically. In early 1991, the United States and many other countries felt that Saudi Arabia would be Iraq’s next target. There was a fear that if Iraq invaded both Kuwait and Saudi Arabia, the world’s oil supply would entirely rely on Iraq. It was also believed that Iraq had developed chemical weapons so that could be a threat to the entire world. So, in order to prevent such a situation from arising, the United States finally attacked Iraqi forces and destroyed their presence from Kuwait in just a couple of days, by launching Operation Desert Storm. Though Operation Desert Storm was initiated and led by the U.
S., it wasn’t the sole participant. Saudi Arabia, who had a vested interest in the war, provided the second largest army, followed by the UK and France. The effects of the Gulf War caused a lot of physical and emotional stress to war veterans. The soldiers who participated in the Gulf War displayed some unique characteristics, which are commonly referred to as “Gulf War illness”. Chronic fatigue, moodiness, depression, sleeping problems, nausea, short-term memory loss, joint pains, etc., were some of the symptoms of the “Gulf War illness”, which according to research, was observed in approximately 2,630,000 soldiers. The war had a huge impact on the common people too.
Thousands of people were killed, thousands were injured, and many were taken as war prisoners. As for the economic effects, Iraq was the major victim. It not only suffered losses in military equipment, but also its infrastructure as well, which may take years and billions of dollars to rebuild. Similarly, both Kuwait and Saudi Arabia suffered some infrastructural losses, running into billions of dollars. The major economic impact of the Gulf War was perhaps on cleaning up the oil slicks, which cost a huge $700 million to clean up, however Kuwait was able to make up for many of its economic losses. Some interesting facts about Desert Storm was There were over 9000 Iraqi deaths in Desert Storm, many of the deaths were due to SCUD missiles and plane bombings.
There was only 1 U.S. soldier reported MIA during the war.
Which is surprising, because only one out of thousands of troops was reported missing. Over 115,000 air troops were flown into Saudi Arabia and Kuwait. The United States captured 70,000 enemy troops over the eight months that the war took place. The U.S. and Allied Forces lost 75 air planes, 63 U.S. and 12 Allied.
Over 18,000 Fighter Jets were deployed all on June 17th, 1991. Iraq rolled over Kuwait in two days. Unlike the Iran-Iraq War (which went on for eight years), swiftly defeated Kuwaiti forces, reaching Kuwait City in an hour. They either overran Kuwaitis on the ground or forced them (like 80% of the Kuwaiti Air Force) into neighboring Saudi Arabia or the island of Bahrain. Kuwait had not mobilized for war despite Saddam’s constant threats.
Desert Storm was a relatively cheap war. Though the U.S. was the primary supplier, 39 countries contributed men and/or materiel to the Coalition in some significant way.
The U.S. Department of Defense has estimated the cost of the Gulf War at $61 billion. Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and other Gulf states covered $36 billion while Germany and Japan covered $16 billion. Desert Storm was the cheapest war fought in U.
S. history. The greater cost of the war to the region was likely more than $676 billion. To end my History paper Conflict and compromise is dealt with by many countries which usually starts with a disagreement then goes into war then there will be a resolution. A conflict is when there is a disagreement between two parties or more. Hence a compromise involves all parties agreeing on a solution to the conflict for a positive outcome for all parties with minimizing harm.
Finally, the Gulf war was a great Example because the conflict was the Operation Desert Storm and the compromise was everyone had a ceasefire and it all want back to normal. .