The dictionary defines karma as, “an action, seen asbringing upon oneself inevitable results, good or bad, either in this life orin a reincarnation.” Karma is the process of cause and effect. That implies thebelief that our present and past actions dictate the result and fate of therest of one’s life. Karma is accepted to be an essential idea in a range ofVedic religions and cultures including Hinduism and Buddhism.
The BIG SO WHATquestion in this essay is, how does the Hindu and Buddhist concept of karmarelate to the larger religious world view? Karma is a universal principalthat is linked to the concept of reincarnation. Hindus believe that veryaction, harmful or humane, has an effect on this life and on future lives. WhileBuddhists believe that karma is not just about activities, it is additionallyabout perspective, desire and psychology. However, the doctrine of karma hasbeen lauded as a rational and morally illuminating informative reaction to the presenceof evil and apparent foul play in both religion. This paper plots the ideas, examinesthe beliefs, and features the similarities and differences both Hinduism andBuddhism share in Karma. Hinduism is a vast religion.
It is the “oldest” and the thirdlargest religion in the world. (2013). It stands for the faith and the way oflife for the people around the world.
Individuals who rehearse the faith ofHinduism participate in different rituals, utilize distinctive names and imagesfor the god they worship, read diverse sacred books and hold diverse beliefs. Theybelieve that the individual soul of all living beings, including animals, is loadedwith an interminable soul and is a part of the creator spirit, Brahma; firstgod in hindu triumvirate, who is responsible for creation, and destruction ofthe world. Brahma is unadulterated and the way towards getting to be plainly unadulteratedis so difficult that no soul can end up plainly unadulterated in just a singlelifetime. They believe the soul is constrained to live many live until thepoint when it is sufficiently unadulterated to come back to Brahma because everythingcomes down to Brahma at last. Along with Brahma, Vishnu (image 1) and Shiva(image 2) are equally important and are powerful in Hinduism. Image 1 Vishnu is “thepervade and maintainer of the universe.” Vishnu is known as a peaceful andcompassionate supreme lord. Vishnu is often pictured with four arms, eachholding an emblem of his divinity: the conch, wheel, mace and lotus.
Each ofhis divinity has a meaning. The conch is a symbol of “the origin of existence”,the wheel represents “the cycle of the seasons”, the mace represents “the powerof knowledge”, and lotus symbolizes “purity.” Kramrisch, S. (2005).
Like seen in the image above, he is usuallydepicted with a dark complexion. One of the most important aspect of Vishnu isthat he is known for his ten avatars (incarnations). Image 2 Shiva is a celestial power of decimation. He is not anegative destroyer; he is the quintessential destroyer. He destroys with aspecific end goal to restore and recoup living things and energize the change.He wrecks one’s flaws, illusions, desires and ignorance. He destroys detestableand negative nature, impurities, wrong doings and the impacts of bad karma.
Likeshown in the image above, Shiva personifies magnificence, peacefulness andsteadiness. Unlike Vishnu who is depicted as dark, Shiva is white in color.”The main object of Shiva worship is Linga, which means “sign”. Kramrisch, S.(2005). The Shiva Linga is considered sacred and housed in temples or housesfor worship.WhileBrahma is the creator, Vishnu is the preserver and Shiva is the destroyer inHinduism. Brahma being the most powerful one among the three, does not punishor reward anyone because Brahma believes that every soul creates their punishmentand reward on their own through karma.
The idea of karma is highly believed inHinduism because karma determines the quality of next life through the personsgood and bad deeds in this life. Buddhismis classified as one of the largest religions in the world. “The concept of Buddhism was created about three centuriesago to identify what humans now know to be a Asian religious tradition thatdates back some twenty-five hundred years.” (Reynolds, D.
E., & Hallisey,C. (2015)).
Buddhism is a path of practice andprofound development that demonstrates the genuine idea of life. The quintessenceof Buddhism is contained in the founder: Gautama Buddha’s teaching of FourNoble Truths and the Eightfold Path (image 3). Buddhism has a solid moral dimension that backers bliss and inspiration inways that are useful to oneself as well as other people. While in the meantime,admonishing against activities that provoke one’s own affliction or the anguishof others. Which is accepted as the concept of karma in Buddhism. Just likeHindus, Buddhists believe karma can influence this life and can persist intothe following. They believe that karma is not an authority or a reward fromgod.
Those with negative karma might be stirred in hell while those withpositive karma will reborn in heaven. Image 3This image is of Siddhartha Gautama Buddha taken at artmuseum. Buddha was the founder of Buddhism. Buddha’s journey to find truth,spirituality and learn how to solve the problems of suffering, led him tomeditations. Over the period of time, on the verge of death due to fatigue, hereached the state of enlightenment. While doing so, he found the four-nobletruth and the eightfold path.
“The four noble truths are: 1. All existence entails suffering. 2. The cause ofsuffering is desire, that is, the thirst for pleasure, prosperity, andcontinued life.
3. The way to escape suffering, existence, and rebirth is torid one’s self of desire. and 4. To be emancipated from desire, one must followthe eightfold path. The noble eightfold path consists of: right understanding right resolve right speech right conduct right livelihood right effort right attention right concentration” (2017)Buddhism, overall is a religion that holds a special aspect andurges the need for humanity to become humane again. To let go of selfishdesires, and negative intentions. It is the embodiment of serene presence in aworld that has become wrought with despair and suffering.Hinduism and Buddhism are equivalent from variousperspectives.
Hindus and Buddhists are to a great degree, revolved aroundnature, the things around them and however they have a few contrasts, they sharesimilar convictions in reincarnation, karma and the common belief in Moksha andNirvana; freedom. While reincarnation expresses that each living thing has asoul, it is likewise trusted that the cycle of reincarnation continues until thepoint when one achieves Moksha or Nirvana. Another comparative concentration ofboth religion is peace and non-violence towards all living things. Moreover,they both believe in the presence of a few hells and heavens. They believe thatdesire is the fundamental reason of suffering and doing actions promoted bydesire would prompt subjection and suffering. However, performing actionswithout desiring anything would result in freedom. Alongside that, the tworeligions likewise take after otherworldly practices like contemplation, focusand positive perspective.
The two religions may contrast as it were, but at theend of the day, they both offer same convictions. In conclusion, both Hinduism and Buddhism have a similaressential conviction on a conclusive target of their religion. Throughthe ideas of karma and reincarnation, both religion could elucidate how life iscontrolled not by others, but rather by one’s own particular actions. More than persecution and execution, there have been additionaltime of peace and comprehension between the two religions.