The established in accordance with Article Three of the

The Supreme Court of the United States
is the highest judicial instance. The highest federal court in the United States that has a dominating position
among all U.S.
courts. In 1789 it was established in accordance with Article Three of the
United States Constitution. The Supreme Court has ultimate appellate
jurisdiction over all federal courts and state court cases concerning issues of
federal law, and original jurisdiction over a small range of cases. It mostly
reviews the decisions of lower courts serving as the main arbiter of disputes,
but also, it may decide cases having a political subtext. The most decisive
power of the Supreme Court is judicial review, the ability to check the
constitutionality of actions undertaken by the other branches of American
government, on the federal and state level.

The
Supreme Court consist of nine Justices, where one is a Chief Justice, and other
eight are Associate Justices. All Justices are nominated by the President and
confirmed by the Senate.  After being
appointed, Justices have a lifelong term. Justice can resign or retire, but if
someone needs to remove a Justice from the Supreme Court it could be done only
in a constitutional way through the sentencing verdict reached after the
impeachment process.

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The
American courts and judges have a special position among other branches of
government. This position has acquired due to decisions in various legal cases,
most of which relate to the foundation of U.S. constitutional law. Despite
the fact that the President is the Chief Executive appointed with broad powers,
and Congress is the main law-making body, the United States Supreme Court forms
the meaning of the main constitutional rules and norms. First of all the
Constitution was created to make a balanced system, where all branches of
power: the judiciary, the legislature, and the executive would equally take
part in the process of governing the country. However, during centuries there
were many changes that altered the balances and system the separation of powers
doctrine, hindering conception of the Constitution as a document that ensures
equality to the American governmental system. 
Mainly due to the role of the Supreme Court in shaping the scope of
contemporary legal, economic and social relations in the United States these changes have
occurred.