The eCourts Integrated Mission Mode Project (“Project”) is one of the National e-Governance projects being implemented in District and Subordinate Courts of the countrywith an aim to expedite the disposal of cases.
The objectives of the project is to providedesignated services to litigants, lawyers and Judiciary through universal computerization ofdistrict and subordinate courts, as well as the upgradation of Information and CommunicationTechnology (“ICT”) infrastructure of the Supreme Court and the High Courts. The Project issought to be achieved in three phases and currently the Project is in its ? phase The projecthas been successful in ?Although greater leveraging of technology has been identified as a panacea to the pendencyproblem, the eCourts Project is not without its faults. These challenges include the lack ofcoordination, lack of communication between various departments, inadequate training to theemployees, lack of technical manpower in courts and awareness amongst litigants, advocatesand their reluctance to the system change. The cost effectiveness of the Project is also acontentious area as it requires deployment of new age technology, especially whenconsidered against the background of the lack of funds allotted to the Project.
Moreover, cyber security threats loom large over the Project and though the government hasinitiated remedial steps to address this problem and formulated the Cyber Security Strategybut it is more on the side of prescribed guidelines alone. The practical and actualimplementation of the same is still missing. Lastly, challenges related to insufficientinfrastructure and non-availability of electricity and internet connectivity in most of theTalukas/villages is also a major impediment to the success of the Project.(b) Towards an improved eCourts frameworkTo address the aforementioned challenges, first and foremost a a well-defined and pre-decided policy framework needs to be drawn up as it can help in laying a concrete roadmapand direction to the e-courts scheme of India. Another solution to address e-court relatedchallenges would be to upgrade the present state of infrastructure. The government needs toidentify and develop the infrastructure that would be required to support the e-court project.
Another aspect that needs focus is the deployment of a robust security system that providessecure access to case information for appropriate parties. The security of e-courtsinfrastructure and system is of paramount importance. Also, user friendly e-courtsmechanism, which is simple and easily accessible by the common public will encouragelitigants to use such facilities in India.
Government must also make dedicated efforts in thetraining of personnel to maintain all the e-data.