The cognitivist theory portrays learning as a behaviouralchange based on the gaining of information about the environment. Ojose (2008)said that Jean Piaget invented the four stages of child development(Sensorimotor Stage, Preoperational Stage, Concrete Operations Stage and FormalOperations Stage). His stages ofcognitive development suggested that people are not able of carrying outspecific assignments or understand certain ideas until they reach a certainlevel of intellectual growth. Progression from one Piaget stage to the next isachieved after they are exposed to relevant stimuli and experiences. My role asa coach is to simplify learning by providing a variation of experiences whichgives chances for learners to explore and experiment, thereby encouraging newunderstandings. This is the reason I said they can use a variety of short orlong passes (Some situations require a short pass while others require a longpass) Also, decreasing the amount of space they have will provide them with adifferent experience as it requires them to think quicker.The second Theorist is Bruner and he came up with the SpiralCurriculum.
Marker and Schiever (2008) said a spiral curriculum is when peoplewill see the same theme throughout their life, with each encounter increasingin complexity and reinforcing previous learning. Research by Mason, Graham andJohnston-Wilder (2005) suggest Jerome Bruner proposed three modes ofrepresentation. Enactive appears first. It involves encoding action basedinformation and storing it in our memory.
Iconic is next and this is whereinformation is stored visually in the form of images. Finally, Symbolic developslast. This is where information is stored in the form of a code. Enactive representation happens in my lessonplan in the form of movement as a muscle memory.
Example, an athlete mayremember the action of kicking a ball. Also, in this lesson plan Iconicrepresentation occurs because learners will build a mental picture in theirhead of how different types of combination play and patterns keep possession. The third theorist is called Kurt Lewin. Kaminski (2008)said He came up with three steps to improve learning: unfreezing, changing andrefreezing. The process of change involves making the awareness that a changeis needed, then making the new, desired level of behaviour and finally,solidifying that new behaviour.
One thing that is important during theunfreezing stage so that students can become informed about the change iscommunication. During the changing steppeople begin to learn the new behaviours, processes and ways of thinking.Finally, freezing is an act reinforcing, stabilizing and solidifying the newstate after the change. This method can be used in my lesson plan. For example,if I see leaners overcrowding a specific area while trying to keep possession Iwill stop it and introduce a new idea which is making the most out of the spaceyou have. Furthermore, I can freeze the game at any time and introduce a newmethod which gets players moving and passing more effectively (triangles)