Technology has changed the way humans perform basic tasks and theintroduction of artificial intelligence helps to perform these tasks andfunctions with or without human intervention by automation as artificialintelligence, which could be an intelligent machine or a computer program,tends to act like humans.
The term “artificial intelligence” was first used byJohn McCarthy in 1956 when he held the first academic conference on the subjectof technology but the journey to understand if machines can truly think beganmuch before that. He defined Artificial Intelligence as “The science andengineering of making intelligent machines, especially intelligent computerprograms”. These machines are programmed with the abilities to learn, gainknowledge and make decisions by identifying patterns which can be supervised orunsupervised, reasoning and problem solving, abilities to manipulate and moveobjects etc. Artificial intelligence excels at frequent high-volume tasks whichhuman beings tend to spend a lot of time on and are capable of far more complexapplications, like grading essays and diagnosing diseases. Artificialintelligence can be used in any sector of the world; in education forautomating grading, in law for sifting through vast documents, makesmanufacturing easy by integrating robots into workflow, applications such asTurbo tax gives financial advice and in health for diagnosing diseases. Robotsoften use data with thousands or even millions of examples, each of which hasbeen programmed with the right answer. The system can then be programmed withan algorithm to look at new scenarios. If everything goes well, the machinewill be able to predict right answers with a high rate of precision.
Machines, howevercan’t compete with humans in hands-on situations like creativity and invention.This is where humans beat artificial intelligence. Machines only follow thealgorithm programmed by humans. They can’t alter or delete any of these codes.Humans, therefore, in the future must be more creative as there have been talksof humans losing jobs to machines in the future over the years.
Machines arehere to stay humans must embrace them, work with them and find ways to createjobs and inventions around them. Computer programmers use a system called deeplearning to give artificial intelligence these capabilities. This kind oflearning is usually unsupervised and the data to be learned is somewhatunstructured and unlabeled. The power for robots to think is an essential partof artificial intelligence and has always been a major focus of AI research. The20th century has been an “age of data” where information has beengained in huge sums with the application of artificial intelligence. Someexperts even believe that that Moore’s law is slowing down to some extent butthe increase in technology has certainly not lost any momentum. In theimmediate future, artificial intelligence is looking like the next big thingeven currently, with regards to developments in biometrics, medicalinstruments, social media, inventions in driverless cars and even electriccars. The main role of artificial intelligence over the years is to searchcomplex human tasks and to create an algorithm to easily perform thatparticular task.
ROLESArtificial intelligenceplays an important role in the lives of humans now more than ever due todevelopments in technology. Humans, in this century, tend to depend on machinesfor every task than depending on our knowledge and understanding of how thesebasic tasks work. Many of the technologies we use today have roots in the fieldof artificial intelligence like Google search engine and most importantly, GlobalPositioning System (GPS), Natural Language Programming (NLP) and SpeechInterpretation Applications. Machine technology are used any sector of theworld; Education, Cyber-security, Manufacturing, Health, Finance, Entertainment,Social media, Sales etc.
It’s important to understand how applications inartificial intelligence are used today so we can better prepare for how theyare already changing our world. Many experts claim artificial intelligence willwipe out employment for humans in the near future due to job automation but therole of artificial intelligence ranges from helping humans to perform basictasks and functions to helping us with complex and advanced computations.AIaccomplishments that seem amazing are still the work of humans. Why then, thegod-like treatment of AI? In other words, machines are slaves to humans not theother way around. Machines should not necessarily be viewed as a replacementfor humans because even though they are intuitive and self-driven, they stillrequire some degree of human intervention in order for them to continue to meetthe needs and challenges of today’s organizations and the society at large. Artificial intelligence is programmed with intricatealgorithms that predict what we might like by identifying patterns in choicesmade by millions of other people similar to ourselves; this is referred to asmachine learning. Many people are familiar with machine learning from shopping onthe internet and seeing ads related to their purchase. This happens becauserecommendation engines use machine learning to personalize online ad deliveryin almost real time.
This form of machine learning can also be seen incyber-security with spam- filtering of emails and fraud detection. Due to therate of technology is developing, innovation will progress exponentially.Artificial intelligence will definitely go beyond self-driving cars, aircraft,Global Positioning System (GPS) and Speech Interpretation Applications. Many organizationsuse artificial intelligence to elevate the nature of business and most of themhave been very successful due to the implementation and introduction of artificialintelligence into the core of the business. Artificial intelligence also playsa role in entrepreneurship, creating jobs for young entrepreneurs in thecreation of technological devices and applications. Examples of theseapplications include Facebook, Instagram, Snapchat etc.
Artificial intelligenceis not necessarily negative because there are areas of application whenemployed, makes work a better, and less stressful, experience.IMPORTANCE Whatwould the world be like without the introduction of artificial intelligence toit? A manufacturing company with no machines and robots, a school with nomanagement systems, a hospital with no machines to diagnose diseases and noavailability of a highly defined calculator to make complex calculations. Theworld would have been totally different without artificial intelligence.
The powersand limits of these machines and their abilities to perform human thinking aredependent upon the engineer’s insight into human intelligence and the creativityof the human brain. Artificial intelligence has a lot of benefits like doingtasks with greater precision and accuracy, labor-intensive jobs that are hardor unattainable for humans, and one main benefit that separates humans fromartificial intelligence or machines in general is that machines or devices withartificial intelligence do not contain emotions and they do not lie. Anotherbenefit of using artificial intelligence is that it makes less or no errorsbecause it follows the algorithms that it has been programmed with. The key applications ofArtificial Intelligence are in any sector that involves more data than humanscan handle on our own, but which involves decisions simple enough that machinescan understand. Machines and applications are changing everything fromeducation to transportation, energy, finance, health and retail. Artificialintelligence applications can provide personalized medicine and X-ray readingsin the health sector and makes managing patient information easier.
In schools,database management systems make it easier to manage the day-to-day activitiesof schools. In retail, artificial intelligence provides online shopping capabilitiesthat offer personalized recommendations and discuss purchase options with theconsumer. In sports, artificial intelligence is used to snapshot images of gameplay and feed coaches with team progress and reports on how to better organizethe team, with respect to field positions, tactics and strategy. Artificialintelligence is also used to observe the share market for dubious trading activityor assist with ground and air traffic control.
They even help to keep spam outof your inbox thus cybersecurity. And this is just the beginning for artificialintelligence because as the technology advances, artificial intelligence alsoimproves. The main motive of artificial intelligence isto supplement human intelligence. it is no overstatement to conclude that inthe future, most sectors of life and work as we presently know it will be impactedby artificially intelligent technologies.
This technology will help us makemore enlightened and knowledgeable decisions. As a means to preserve theircompetitiveness, organizations feel the need to implement productivityincreasing systems like artificially intelligent machines and applications.Examples of these technologies include cloud storage and computing whichcompanies are now adopting as a form of secondary storage in case of data lossand as management methods respectively.RISKS ArtificialIntelligence has made humans sluggish and weary, limiting our ability to think,make complex decisions and perform basic tasks.
Frequently asked questions byyouth especially millennials involve: How was the world like without artificialintelligence? What would the world be like in two or three decades to come?These questions frighten humans because experts speculate minimum opportunitiesand employment in the future. There have been recent talks on major talk showslike “TED Talk”, about how humans will lose their jobs to artificialintelligence and advice for humans to embrace the implementation of thesemachines but the question is; What would we have to do as humans to counter theemergence of Artificial intelligence. Increasing reliance on artificialintelligence is fueling the rapid automation of jobs, even jobs that would seemto rely heavily on human intelligence, such as journalism and radiology.
Humansshould find the need to update and upgrade ourselves too. Not only by way oflearning new programs and software but by exploring other ventures like inmanagement and entrepreneurship. If we handle this right, thus accepting andembracing machines, this should actually be great news. We’re talking about alot more fortune for humans. Subsequently, there are definitely some jobs thatwill be replaced by artificial intelligence, but we have to remember there area whole new set of jobs that are being created, and the way to understand whythat’s happening is that most jobs consist of lots of separate tasks. However, by dodgingartificial intelligence; in hope of making it without them or by making false andmeaningless hypothesis about its existence, we potentially make our worst-casesituation more likely, not less.
We should also be as focused on understandinghuman intelligence and innovation as these are the basic attributes thatdistinguish us from artificial intelligence. Anotherrisk in using artificial intelligence is that, since these machines are beingcreated to think and act like humans, there could be flaws in their decision-makingprocess owing to algorithm being fed by humans and this could bring aboutinaccuracy in data. This means that even though the machines themselves areerror-free, errors on the side of humans could make them inefficient.
Thesekinds of errors are known as bugs. Human bias could also affect the way thesemachines work thus programmers programming machines with subjective intentsrather than a general opinion of how the machine should work. Ultimately,machines could be hacked due machine learning and online features and datacould be compromised or inaccurate.
FUTUREOF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE With recent developments in technology, we canboldly say that the future looks even brighter for artificial intelligence.With the introduction technologies like of driverless cars, electric cars, reversingparalysis and gene therapy for curing hereditary disorders in the medicalsector, Practical quantum computers and hot solar cells to convert heat intolight, the world is in the age artificial intelligence and humans ought toembrace the new age. In simple form, technology in general, and artificialintelligence in particular will contribute enormously to a hugely changinglabor system. The rise of artificial intelligence will create new jobs, bothfor people working directly with the new technologies and to meet increasingrequirements for training, re-training, and educational content development tobring people up to speed. We hear about new developments in technology everysingle day and It seems as though not a week passes without yet anotherartificial intelligence system overcoming a groundbreaking situation oroutperforming humans. For a fact, humans inthe future will be so dependent on artificial intelligence which most peoplecurrently underestimate.
Humans would be much more productive if we accept therole of artificial intelligence in our world. Not everyone believes the rise of artificialintelligence will be detrimental to humans. Some experts are convinced that therise technology has the potential to make our lives better while some also predictthat it could enhance our humanity.CONCLUSION The best scenario to look at robots and it’s benefits andrisks is that; Even though machines are getting smarter and smarter than humansday-by-day, humans are responsible for programming these machines with higherlevel complex algorithms and again, humans control these machines. Most peoplefear the rise of artificial intelligence due to rumors and fiction. Could therebe a day when our world would be solely controlled by robots? The answer tothis question and other strange ones is; No! Artificial intelligence is here tomakes humans better and enhance the way we live.
We have to embrace, work withit and find our way around it so that the notion of us losing jobs to machineswill be put to rest. In the immediate future and even now, artificial intelligenceis looking like the next big thing, with regards to developments in biometrics,medical instruments, social media, inventions in driverless cars and evenelectric cars. Humans could wake up in the year “2300” and won’t have to do anywork. We will just have to speak or wave to get tasks completed; Thanks toartificial intelligence!