Stakeholder that there is a positive relationship between early

Stakeholder is anyonewho gets effected, directly or indirectly by the project.  The concept of project management throughstakeholders is defined as “the process of adjusting with the scheme andplanning apprehensions and proposals of different stakeholders” (PMI 2008). Stakeholder’s have not been properlyincorporated and engaged from the beginning of the projects, this negligenceand casual attitude of project members have made them a high priority risk thatmay arise at any phase of the project (Khan, Skibniewski et al.

2017). There is a bulk of projects that have been earlyterminated or ended up even before the implementation phase due to neglectingthe  concerns of stakeholders (Pirozzi 2017). Projects may involve large number of boththe primary and secondary stakeholders and every stakeholder has his owninterests, concerns and expectations with the project due to which they try tomold the project in a way that best addresses their concerns and are in theirown favor (Heravi, Coffey et al. 2015), which makes it’s a difficult task tosatisfy each single stakeholder but it’s a challenge that has to be accepted byproject managers if they want the project to succeed. Majority of projectmanagement practitioners and researchers assert that there is a positiverelationship between early stakeholder’s management and project success (Aapaoja, Haapasalo et al.

2013).Stakeholdermanagement and engagement if included at the early stages of projects can be asupplement to probability of project success which is not a very commonpractice among the ongoing projects in developing countries (Guest 2014). Especially in context of civilinfrastructure projects there exists different stakeholders e.g.

localcommunity, Media, competitor organizations, political representatives, whichmay not be either legally bound by the project or have a direct relationshipwith the project but they can adversely affect the project progress if they areleft unattended by the project manager (Mascia 2016).