Social workers convey these roles because they are the person in environment perspective (PIE); this is based on the idea that one cannot understand the problems of individuals without understanding the context in which they occur. Hence there is a reciprocal relationship between the client and their environment (system).
This is where the social worker has to see if the environment has an effect whether negative or positive on the client. The social workers practice at three level micro, mezzo and macro. Micro is working with individuals, mezzo is working with small groups and families and macro is working with organization, community & society. With this in mind social workers are uniquely trained to help their clients function optimally within their environments by analyzing the role of the various systems and intervening. According www.
athan.thomascoursessw the characteristic of a social worker is to promote social change, enhances problem solving in human relationship, and facilitates empowerment and liberation of people to enhance well-being, respond to demands of living and promote citizen’s rights. According to classroom.synonym.com>classroom the roles of a psychologist are to observe the influence of cultural beliefs, environments and situations on human actions, including relationships and social interactions.
Psychologists employ several techniques, such as hypnosis, clinical observations and subject interviews, for their studies. These studies help them understand the different personalities and behavioral aspects of people, and this understanding can help improve interactions between different people, cultures and countries to promote better relations. Therefore psychologists also study behaviors and mental developments of human beings at all stages of life, from infancy to old age this is where Eric Erikson theory come in. Such studies help healthcare providers diagnose and treat harmful behaviors, such as smoking, drug addictions and alcohol abuse. These studies also help manage or even delay disabilities resulting from aging. There are several similarities and differences social workers and psychologists.
Both provide counselingsupportive functions to the clients In addition, most graduate and doctoral programs train social work and psychology students in the same or similar manner. The majority of social workers and psychologists use a variety of psychological techniques to assess, diagnosis and counsel individuals, children, couples, families and groups. The main difference between psychologists and social workers is that psychologists are also are trained to administer psychological tests (like intelligence and personality assessments), while social workers are not. In addition, psychologists tend to have a slightly different perspective of the therapeutic process.
They tend to focus more on cognitive processes and behaviors then social workers. Social workers provide social service resources to clients (food stamps, welfare benefits, etc.), while psychologists provide mental health services (counseling and therapy) to clients. Social work and psychology are often blurred so it is possible for both social workers and psychologists to perform the same or similar duties.
Moreover, both social workers and psychologists tend to work in the same settings (private practices, educational institutions, mental health facilities, hospitals, clinics, skilled nursing facilities and community centers, but psychologists can specialize in other areas besides clinical and general psychology (like marriage and family therapy, corporate psychology, school psychology, sports psychology or health psychology).