Since time immemorial, human beings have been living in natural environments where they need connection with nature and other forms of life. So, to deepen that connection Singapore preceded the course of Biophilia which is not simply love and passion for nature but is an affiliation with nature.
The deeper the level of connection the deeper the respect we have for it and the moral responsibility that will emerge from that feeling. Biophilic designs involve the innovative integration of natural elements into homes, schools and workplace such that the constant contact with nature will improve mental well-being of the people. Studies conducted that the integration of biophilic concept can help reduce the pain and stress level of people and increase the recovery speed of patients. Biophilic cities are different from green cities where instead of focusing on energy and environmental conservation the cities emphasize on well-being and health, celebrating life forms and processes that we as a species has evolved from. On 11 May 1967 transforming Singapore into a city with abundant lush greenery and a clean environment to make life more pleasant for the people was introduced by Prime Minister Lee Kwan Yew. It was also predicted that presence of ample greenery in an environment clean of litter would signify that Singapore is a well organized and hence a good destination for tourists and foreign investments. In the beginning, the garden city vision was realized in the form of an intensive tree planting program to create tree lined boulevards that Mr.
Lee came across during his overseas trip making the program a great success. The number of tree planted increased to 1.4 million till 2014.
The greening initiatives had a great influence on private and public properties. Creation of parks became the major focus of the garden city vision to establish more recreational spaces that would provide ventilation in build-up areas.Over the years Singapore has fitted in the perfect description of Biophilic City while searching for the innovative edge on how cities can be biophilic and be a habitat for humans, flora and fauna. Singapore is setting a world model for combining density and nature with extensive parks and green areas, tied together by 200-kilometers of park connectors, much of it in the form of elevated walkways and canopy walks. Programs and subsidies such as skyrise greenery initiatives, green walls and rooftops are provided to support Singapore’s biophilic urbanism in landscaping and greenery in buildings.