Section (12)(1)(c) of the Right to Education (RTE) Act is the
act that mandates 25 % reservation for children from economically and socially disadvantaged
sections, in private unaided schools.
The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory
Education is to provide free and compulsory education to all children of the
age group of 6 to 14 years. In the clause it is mentioned that private schools
have to provide 25% reservation in admission of their total class strength,
from the weaker and disadvantaged section of society and additionally ought to
provide free and compulsory elementary education until its completion with the
assistance of government expenditure. Yet, because of some arising issues and
problems, private schools are failing to implement this 25% facet wholly in
providing free and mandatory education, some of which are mentioned below:
Lack of government finance help:
RTE Act states that the private schools should private 25%
reservation in admission for disadvantages section and continue their education
until the completion in which the government should bare the whole expenditure
of that percentage of students for every year. But it is in the written form
only. The actual reality is private schools are not getting such kind of
government financial help for the implication of the act. Sometimes, they are
provided financial help very poor and too late by the government official
process. That is why the Parents responsibility to send the children to schools
in the private school authority is being demotivated to follow this facet
Load on private school:
Without sufficient government financial help, it will be a
great burden on private school to implement such thing. If it is imposed on
private school it have to collect differences of fees from remaining 75% of
children parents and it will be unaffordable situation among them. Even many of
the schools may not overcome the situation and because of which many schools
need to shut down.
Costly private school infrastructure:
We all know that most of the private school are very well infrastructure
to run the teaching learning process. Every classroom are smart classroom. They
even have a good quality teachers to pay. To keep eye on this sort of school,
the authority need a giant amount of economy for each years if they provide
free education for 25% students up to age of 14, which could result into facing
difficulty to maintain their infrastructure, teacher payment and different
problems because of 25% free education and that they take a minimum charges for
this expenditure from the parents.
Wrong outlook of authority:
It is a traditional concept in our country that students of
weaker and disadvantage section are very low quality in study. If they are
being provided reservation in schools the quality of learning and result will
be poor which spells bad impact on school dignity. Because of that wrong thing,
the private authority does not give importance on this act.
Medium of private school
Nowadays all the private schools are following English
language as the medium of study in syllabus and curriculum making, textbook
examination guideline. But the disadvantage is that some section’s children
cannot cop up the English language to run their course regularly. Therefore the
authority does not want 25% student to take admission without a minimum
entrance test and as a result they ignore the act.
Lack of government observation:
According to this act, both governments- The state and central
should monitor the private school and school management process regularly
through the team members. They should also observe whether the school authority
properly follows 25% observation policy to weaker section or not. If not what are
the problems they are facing and need to help them further.
1. Do you think the government is
interfering with the autonomy of the private school by implementing this policy?
The problem lies with the view of several schools taking steps
towards EWS admissions. Since the 25% number amounts to a critical lot,
what remains a thorn in the flesh is the lack of clarity in the reimbursement
to be made to private schools which has further hampered the compliance in many
states. In response to RTIs filed regarding the reimbursement procedure,
some states like Rajasthan, Uttarakhand, Maharashtra, and Karnataka seems to
have extensively detailed process of reimbursement while several others like
Goa, Himachal Pradesh, and Punjab have no clarity on the per-child reimbursement
amounts even after so many years of implementation.
Moreover, this provision has opened the private schools for
greater governmental interference and owing to inertia among these schools in
declaring their fees publically has also led to delays in the entire process.
Such unformulated provisions further tend to obstruct the effective
implementation on the ground. Further, building monitoring structures for this
Act and putting in place grievance redressal mechanisms is needed to bridge
some of the above mentioned implementation gaps. Given that there is a growing
trend of privatization in majority of states and the lack of quality
confronting the education in government schools, it requires concerted efforts
from government, schools and civil society organizations to actually translate
the intent of this practice.