Rubina GurungHonor NSD Mr.Brace, 6th period.Introduction “The Trail of Tears is a perfect expression of the U.S. government’s act of inhumanity towards the Indians”. The Trail of Tears, the story is told even now, it’s a symbol in American history about how the Americans showed insensitive and cruel discard to the Native Americans. During 1830, when the president Andrew Jackson had signed the Indian Removal Act “authorizing the president to grant any unsettled lands west of the Mississippi in exchange for Indian lands with existing member state borders”.
The United States had forced Native Americans to give up their lands east of Mississippi River and to immigrate to Oklahoma. All though a few tribe went peacefully, many had resisted and didn’t agree to the relocation policy. Because of the relocation, the Native Americans had suffered a horrifying time, such as getting, “exposure, disease, and starvation”, and some even died before reaching to their destination. During the 1831–1850, the Native Americans had to go through, dreadful times and it really affected the 5 Indian Nation that was called the “civilized tribes”, the Cherokee, Choctaw, Chickasaw, Creek, and Seminole. In the 1838 and 1839, when the Cherokees were being forcefully moved to the west, approximately 4,000 Cherokees had died because of the dreadful and horrifying, discured to the Native Americans.
The journey became a cultural memory as “Trail where they cried” for the Cherokees and other removed tribes. The reason for the removal of the Native Americans was because the United States wanted the Indians lands because the lands in the west of the Mississippi was not suitable for farming.ConflictDuring the Trail of Tears, the Indians land was, taken as a hostage by the States and the federal government, so they were forced by the tribes to leave their home and to be left out to find new shelters, in a new climate. The Cherokees were concentrated in the Southeastern North Carolina, Southwestern Tennessee, and the tips of Western South Carolina and Northwestern Georgia. The Cherokees had more than 300,000 tribal members, known as the largest of the 567 tribes that are federally recognized for its large scale of peoples.
The Cherokees are the largest and they are everywhere, including the people in our school. The impact of the removal of Native Americans led to a debate in terms of the population. The low immigrants give out a loss for people to maintain proper community structures of the relationship between them.
The Indians were not just harassed but also tortured by the mother nature, they were in a crucial position, where they would prefer the death of the hardship they were facing. There were extent numbers of family members that had died because of the disease and cruel removal act, it disrupted the communities. The Native Americans were treated in such a disgrace by the trial guards, being pushed around like they were superior to them and because of this African Americans, slave went with them, through the trail also. The Cherokee settled to live in the south-east, the United States, “Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina and East Tennessee.” In the winters of the trail of tears, they couldn’t hunt for animals like deer or buffalo, so they had to eat cornbread and they only had, hot water to drink and they could only drink fresh water if they are close to many lakes, ponds, which was hardly any so they had to be dehydrated because of those many people had to starve to death and they had to face much more misfortunate occasions, like they could only wear what was brought with them, this also lead to death of many several people.
The Native Americans were not treated properly or not at all. Many of the guards that were taking them on the Trail of Tears, wanted to keep some Indians, to grow cotton for them, while other guards debated that it was unnecessary to have Indians back again in the land. Another cruel rule was set, It was a forbidden rule to make a ditch to bury the dead body of those who passed away, it was so cruel that they would even shot if they were to try to give the body a chance to move on to the next world. CompromiseThe name Trail of Tears was formed by the Cherokee Indians, who had survived the march, that they had been traveling from.
The Cherokee were led by the chief, named Ridge, he had been allied with the president Andrew Jackson, in the 1814. Andrew Jackson led the Indian Removal and forced it against the Congress, bringing the discarded act of good faith. Indian land was then available for the whites and had been distributed by a process of the lottery. In the removal treaty, including the Cherokee nation, had been signed by The Ridge and westward exodus had begun. General Winfield Scott was a United States Army general that made the removal, process faster and he even put many Indians into stockades, along the way. The Trail of tears found its end in Oklahoma, however about fourth of the Cherokee population died along the march. This ended around March of 1839. When they had reached Oklahoma, the Eastern and the Western, were reunited.
In order for them to live peacefully and together, without any conflicts, they had set up a meeting in Takattokah. In 1839 the Western and the Eastern came to discuss the new government, and the eastern chief had accepted the eastern authority. They had sent a letter that addressed to the government of the United States on June 13, 1839, that said “we take pleasure to state distinctly that we desire to see the eastern and western Cherokees become reunited, and again live as one people;to the satisfaction and permanent welfare of the whole Cherokee people.”The letter was later, signed by John Ross, the Native American chief and George Lowey, eastern chiefs, and all of the western chiefs. Then Mr. Corwin, has presented to the Congress.
Mr. Corwin, had wrote the Memorial of Cherokee Nation. The memorial talked about how they have the perfect and original right to remain without interruption or molestation. “We have been called a poor, ignorant, and degraded people. We certainly are not rich; nor have we ever boasted of our knowledge, or our moral or intellectual elevation.
But there is not a man within our limits so ignorant as not to know that he has a right to live on the land of his fathers, in the possession of his immemorial privileges”