Queen of trees She started as a seed 100 years ago, she provides for many animals, to some is a hunting ground to others she is home. She feeds a greater variety than any other tree in tree. All rely on her tiny fig wasp. Every few months the queen reproduces many fruits to reproduce she must disperse pollen. The buds to become young figs. Hidden in the queen’s tiny flowers. At this stage the fig is not yet a fruit only a scent which attracts fig wasps.
The wasps are all females with eggs. To pollinate the flowers and law their eggs. Some of the flowers will become seeds and others will be a nursery for fig wasps.
The tree will provide a gol which will nourish them. They hatch within a 2 month life span. They aren’t the only ones. Hornbill female also lay eggs in tree. Hornbills are diurnal, or active in the daytime. Hornbills cannot swallow food caught at the tip of the beak because their tongues are too short to move it, so they have to jerk their heads backwards to toss the food to the throat. Most of the hornbill species are frugivorous meaning eating only fruit.
The birds eat fruit and the seeds realase in their poop in a different part of the forest, so hornbills are an important way that seeds are spread from the parents. The species living in open grassland are omnivorous, and eat fruit, insects and small animals. They seal in a hollow trunk and only leave room for their mate to feed them. The demand to grow and nourish them the queen must produce sugar from her leaves. Animals that eat leaves are a huge threat. If the queen loses too many leaves she might need to abort her figs.
To protect the leaves the queen pumps up a creamy latex which is sticky. Small offenders get stuck. And others will not stay long to feed.
Some defenders have learned strategies to overcome to the defenses. The hornbill bites through the veins which stops the production of the latex. The largest chick dominates the food supply. The chicks differentiate in size since they hatch at different times. There is a pecking order. The chick that has the highest chance of survival feeds.
Despite the clear skies beneath the tree it still is raining. The species squirt. The documentary shows many shots of animal plant interaction. Bees are known to collect resin for building the nest and cleanliness.
The function of the milky latex is the same for solitary bees. Within temperate and tropical zones tiger beetles are widespread. They prey on those who come to eat the decaying fruit which are the fruit flies. The genes of the plants do go within the pollen and seeds but they themselves do not move. Seed dispersal has a body of ecological research and is quite rich.
This documentary doesn’t only shows figs within the pollination process but also shows how their seeds are being dispersed. After swallowing the seeds the catfish can swim up the river carrying the cargo in its belly unharmed. Fish can play a great role in habitats such as rivers.
Seed dispersal by fish is called ichthyology which is common within the Amazon flooded areas.