Putin begun to implement the order. It is necessary

Putin and the Victory Announcement
from Syria

Putin wanted to devote his country’s efforts against terrorism and its
keenness to push the political process through its announcement, from the base
of Hemeimeem, the start of the withdrawal of troops from Syria partially (Roth, 2017).

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Russian President Vladimir Putin visited the Hemeimeem airbase in
Lattakia and met with President Bashar al-Assad. The visit, which appears in
the official text of Putin’s speech, came as a prelude to Moscow’s declaration
of victory over Damascus (http://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-12-12/putin-orders-russian-forces-to-start-pulling-out-of-syria/9248378,
2017).

From Hemeimeem, Putin ordered a partial withdrawal of his country’s
troops deployed in Syria “towards its permanent bases”, to
concentrate its presence there along with certain points where it performs
specific tasks, including monitoring the areas of “de-escalation Zones “.
Hours after Putin’s words, the Russian Defence Ministry confirmed that it had
already begun to implement the order.

It is necessary to read the Russian move in the context of efforts to
launch the path of “political settlement” in Syria, which was clearly
presented in Putin’s speech yesterday. Also, the declaration of victory over
the «push» and the return of part of the Russian forces will be within Russia
in the interest of the president candidate for a second term. With Moscow’s
broad criticism of the “illegal” US military presence on Syrian
territory, its recent decision will constitute an additional bargaining chip in
negotiations with American “partners.” The withdrawal of troops is
unlikely to affect the strength of the Russian presence in Syria. The bases of Hemeimeem
and Tartous will remain an important center of operations, while some military
police, the Reconciliation Center and military advisers will maintain their
presence in various Syrian regions. The nature of the developments in the (http://www.al-akhbar.com, 2017)«de-escalation agreements
and the progress of the Geneva, Astana and Sochi conferences will have a
decisive role in determining the size and type of such a presence.

Putin, from the air base, praised the results of
counterterrorism operations in Syria and reiterated his readiness to work with
Turkey and Iran to “restore peaceful life and establish a political
process … and prepare for the Syrian national dialogue conference.”
Putin thanked the soldiers of his forces for their role in “protecting
their country” during their participation in operations in Syria,
“helping the people of Syria to maintain their state, and defeat the
terrorists.” He added that “Syria has been preserved as an
independent and sovereign state, and the refugees are returning to their homes
and favorable conditions have been created for reaching a political settlement
within the framework of the United Nations.” The Russian Center for Reconciliation
will continue its work in accordance with international agreements, “If
the terrorists return to activity again, we will carry out unprecedented
strikes against them.” For his part, Assad expressed his gratitude «on
behalf of the Syrian people … the role played by the Russian armed forces».
“The coming generations that will read about this war will not
differentiate between a Syrian martyr and a Russian martyr,” he said.
“Your visit is an opportunity to discuss the second phase of counter-terrorism
and at the same time the political process in Syria.” (https://sputniknews.com,
2017)

SDF and the
coordination with the Iraqi forces

In light of these developments, the celebration
of the “Syrian Democratic Forces” witnessed a meeting with a number
of Iraqi army officers on the Syrian-Iraqi border north of the Euphrates River,
talking about a “joint center” for coordination between the two
parties, which called for an official Iraqi denial from the Joint Operations Command.
Common. “The consultative meeting, which was proposed by the Iraqi side,
discussed how best to deal with the infiltration of terrorist factions across
the border,” said Mustafa Bali, director of the media center at SDF,
referring to an understanding of “a mechanism for exchange of information
and joint coordination to monitor border security” . He went so far as to
consider the meeting «an implicit recognition of one of the most important
neighboring countries legitimacy SDF, as a military force liberated northern
Syria from terrorism». On the other hand, the spokesman for the Iraqi
Operations Command, Brigadier General Yahiya Rasool, said that “there is
absolutely no agreement with SDF to establish a joint coordination center …
It was not a meeting to discuss the issue of securing the border.”

Battles
continue in the last bastions of «ISIS»

The Syrian army and its allies continued their
military operations against the last “hot spots” on the Al-Mayadin
al-Bukamal road. The army units were able to advance towards the town of
Salhiya in the countryside of al-Bukamal, and control of a number of oil wells
and towns.

The forces are approaching more to control the
entire road between the two cities and isolating “ISIS” in a large
desert enclave. The army launched attacks to secure the area between the town
of Hamaimh and al-Bukamal in the depth of the southeast desert of Deir al-Zour.

In parallel, the Syrian Democratic Forces
continue their attack on the ISIS sites in the eastern and north-eastern
countryside of Deir al-Zour, where they took control of the villages of Abu
Hamam and Suwaidan and reached the outskirts of Alkishkieh.

The
liberation of all areas of the South Euphrates Basin

Less than 20 days after the liberation of the
border town of al-Bukamal, the Syrian army and
its allies completed the liberation of the entire Euphrates basin from the
control of ISIS. The organization is trapped in a wide desert enclave extending
west to the outskirts of the city of Sokhna. The restoration of
the towns of the Euphrates valley is no less important than the liberation of
al-Bukamal. These towns are the road between Deir al-Zour and the Iraqi border,
and securing them will enable the revitalization of the existing al-Bukamal
crossing. Controlling them also means expelling
the organization from its last point of control, which includes residential
communities, so that it will have a desert area that could be a starting point
for security operations against the surrounding towns and cities. T2 is
expected to be the main target for these operations, given its remote and
isolated location in the Badia (http://www.plenglish.com/index.php?o=rn=20263=syrian-troops-adanced-to-al-bukamal-city-in-deir-ezzor,
2017)
(https://southfront.org/syrian-war-report-november-20-2017-government-troops-liberated-al-bukamal-from-isis/,
2017).

This field achievement came through the
liberation of the last towns between the axis of the army activity north of
al-Bukamal and southeast of the fields. Due to the importance of these sites to
«urging», It was costly to recover it. A large number of
members of the army and its allies were martyred during the fierce fighting in
the vicinity of the towns of Qouriya, Ashara and elsewhere.

In parallel with the official declaration of the
army on the liberation of the entire Euphrates basin, Moscow went out to
declare a defeat of «ISIS». President Vladimir Putin said in parallel with the
confirmation of his candidacy for a second presidential term, the end of the
military operations on the banks of the Euphrates with a “complete defeat
of terrorists”, despite the existence of some “enclaves” of the
organization. It seems that Putin repeated what he said during his meeting with
his Syrian counterpart, Bashar al-Assad, on the need to “move to the next
stage”, the political process, noting the efforts to hold the conference
«national dialogue» in Sochi. He referred to the ongoing work on a “new
constitution” for Syria, after which “the transition to presidential
and parliamentary elections” would take place.

Syria and the
other political players

The political and field developments and the
firm responses by Syria and its allies to the American interventions
constituted an important strategic shift in the course of the war against the
terrorist forces and the supporting countries. On the one hand, the war is at
its end, and it has become firmly anchored in Syria after Syria’s entire depth
is under the control of Syria’s national state. Syria has become close to
defeating the forces of terrorism from its land and declaring victory. On the
other hand, American plans and manoeuvres aimed at The establishment of a
buffer zone on the border between Syria and Iraq prevents the geographical
communication between the parties to the resistance alliance. On the third
hand, the Russian-Iranian response to the repeated American attacks on the
Syrian army showed the magnitude of the challenges that would confront America
if it thought for a moment of launching a large-scale aggression against Syria
or continued its attempts to block the progress of the Syrian army on the
ground. More dangerous than the one that faced Washington in 2013 when Barack
Obama was forced to back off the war for several reasons we mentioned earlier.
It was natural that the new challenge of bringing Russia and Iran together with
their deterrent power in Syria in the face of American power, which drew red
lines against any US dependence on Syria, would push Trump to not listen to
extremist Zionist voices within the White House. Not rushing to try the option
of the game of the brink with Syria and its allies, because this will only
force America to retreat again from engaging in a war more dangerous than the
Iraq war, which Trump does not want.

The American and Iranian responses to Syria have
increased in the face of American aggression. The Russian and Iranian responses
to these American messages have led to a strong opposition explosion. In the
corridors of decision-making in Washington against any military adventure in
Syria. Washington’s decision to drop the Syrian warplane over Raqqa countryside
to the speed of the resistance alliance and Russia to strengthen their
deterrent power and raise the level of alertness and readiness to confront any
large American military aggression in Syria, which reminded Washington of the
strategic balance of power created by the qualitative Russian military presence
on Syrian soil , And raised the level of Iranian contribution to the fight
against terrorism in Syria, and the harmony in response to the blatant American
attack on the Syrian plane important signs indicated the high level of
coordination between Syria’s allies in the face of any possible US escalation,
Among the Iranian missile strike against the sites of «Dahesh» in Deir Al-Zour
and the Russian warning strongly to the United States, declaring that the
aircraft of the International Alliance are banned in the scope of
Russian-Syrian operations, and are subject to drop if monitored by the ground
and air defence.

On the economic front, Iran has made billions of
dollars in its war in Syria to keep Bashar   Al-Assad. . The fundamentals of the
Syrian economy were based on the sectors of industry, tourism and agriculture.
The Syrian industry and tourism, after the country’s political crisis, have
been almost completely destroyed and agriculture has been disrupted in large
parts of the country. For these reasons
we can say that Iran will be the biggest winner to achieve its strategic goals
in Syria, and cannot return as it was before 2011. In brief and useful, the
Iranian situation in Syria can be summed up in the following sentence:
“Iran is winning the battles”