Psychological people that respects the differences of “the Other,”

Psychological rigidity has become one of the hallmarks of the
health community (Rappaport and Seidman, 2000).
Problems and issues in social and psychological domains defined
as challenges. Classical social and psychological researchers deal with
studying a problem in specific ambit by applying psychological test that
suitable to deal with this problem. According to Urbina et al. (1997) a
psychological test is “an objective and standardized measure of behavior
of individual’s performance on tasks that have usually been prescribed
beforehand. The most common type of psychological test is a paper-and-pencil
test, which are series of questions should be fulfilled by responder for sake
of the measurement. Performance on these questions produces a test score. The
technical term for the science behind psychological testing is psychometrics
(Mellenbergh, 1989). In this paper, we have introduced twitter as psychological
test media. We have used twitter for measuring Security and educational
challenges in Saudi Arabia.

Security and educational challenges are threating the educational
security. Educational security means that each nation has its own educational
ideas stemming from its values and its stylistic and philosophical constant,
which shape its identity and character. Educational security protects nations
through its educational values (Ali, 2013). Security and educational challenges
could be summarized into three challenges: cross-cultural, ethics of dialogue
and rules of difference, and dominant negative social values. Cross-cultural
challenge is defined as following a civilizational style to apply some beliefs
and believing this is the absolute truth (Arif,
1995).   Ashki (2006) defined ethics
of dialogue and rules of difference as “a type of communication between people
that respects the differences of “the Other,” which allows for true listening
in a safe environment that offers possibilities for the transformation of
self-awareness in each individual”. Dominant social values defined as values
where the majority of people in a society support at a particular time (Prilleltensky, 1989). If the these values are negative,
it called dominant negative social values. As example of dominant negative social
values in Saudi Arabia at the moment could be values such as: men and women are
considered not equal.

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On the other hand, Sentiment analysis objectives to determine the
attitude of a speaker, writer, or other subject with respect to some topic (Cambria and Hussain, 2012). Recently, social media obviously
contains huge human activity which provides fertile source for the sentiment
analysis Pfeffer, 2014). Twitter is created to be fast communication medium for
people from all walks of Life and is considering one of the most important
social networking sites on the World Wide Web, and it has a global impact. Using
twitter Sentiment analysis to understand and predict emotions, opinions, or
mood has been proven and demonstrated theoretically and practically (Maynard
and Bontcheva, 2016). Sánchez et al. (2017)
presented the value of twitter as a new data source for social science. Henece,
twitter represents a fertile source for many human studies due to its
quantitative and qualitative content. More than 140 million active users
publish over 400 million “Tweets” every day (Li, 2012). In the Middle East,
Twitter is becoming prominent player in socio-political events, such as the
Arab Spring (MacEachren, 2011). Vosoughi et al. (2015) discussed the importance
of Twitter in the analysis and study of human behavior and refer it to the fact
that is less than only 10% of twitter accounts are private.

The previous two facts:
importance of measuring educational and security challenges, and availability
to obtain huge human activities have encouraged us to measure educational and
security challenges by using social media and more precisely by using twitter.

Twitter is currently the most
popular social networking program in the Kingdom. According to Alyaum website
(2015) there are five hundred thousand tweets per day from Saudi Arabia.  For sure, this figure has been increased by
now. In this paper, we have introduced a novel approach to measure psychological hardiness by using tweets that have been initiated at
Saudi Arabia. The research question is “what is the relation between educational
and security challenges and timing in Saudi Arabia?” We have targeted only
Arabic tweets. In methodology section, section three, more details about data
collection and analysis have been provided.

The traditional educational and security
challenges measurement is conducted by questionnaire which is
filled directly by a targeted person at specific time. Hence, his answers were
mentioned to his mood at that time. According to Choi (2011) educational and
security challenges are influenced by variable factors, which making it
vulnerable to change. For instance, in psychological test that measure
educational and security challenges which developed by Mikhamar and Imad
(1996), the first question is ” Whatever
the obstacles, I can achieve my goals”, the responder should choose one answer from: “Always”, “sometimes”, or “Never”, a responder could choose “Always” but at
another time may choose “sometimes”. Consequently, measuring psychological
hardiness in one time, regardless the sample type, or size, may not provide a
clear vision or successful results.