Play forms his cultural bases and takes the first

Play and fun are the most important things for a child. Therefore, it is essential that at least in early childhood the child is in the care of one of their parents because this task should not be entrusted to third parties. Care and education of childrenBoth the mother and the father have the task of building a family that allows the child to develop physically, mentally and emotionally.It is in the home where the child creates his first affective bonds, forms his cultural bases and takes the first steps for the consolidation of his personality.In this process, no parent is free of errors. Hence, these five tips are valuable to guide the education and care of your children.

1. Authority does not prevail; it is wonMake sure your children are not afraid of you. The authority should be based on a relationship of respect and not intimidation.If you want to win respect and admiration of your son, always seek to dialogue with him instead of getting angry.

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2.  More education, less prohibitionLet your children experience and learn from their mistakes. Teach them from small to make decisions and assume their consequences.It determines the rules of the home with its own sanction in case of non-compliance and establishes limits.3.  Time is the greatest wealthThe time you spend to share with your children is worth more than any toy. Listen to them, motivate them to think and question, stimulate their mind, play with them and make them feel important.4.

  Beware of contradictionsAvoid contradicting an authority in front of the child, be it the father, the mother, the teacher or any other person who fulfills this role.If you disagree, speak up when the child is not present. Otherwise, you give rise to disobedience, and you generate confusion in the child.

5.  Rebuke with loveSometimes anger leads you to use bad words with your children. Do not fall into the error of reprimanding them according to your mood and avoid screaming.When you go to punish him do it with what he likes most, not with physical or verbal aggression. Speak to them in a firm and forceful tone, without disrespecting them.Being a parent is not an innate talent, it is daily learning that requires commitment and patience.

Remember that children are a gift of life and parents must provide love, affection, and understanding.How to help your child during preschool The levels of learning, development and school success of children depend on several factors, such as the child’s health and physical well-being, their social and emotional preparation, and their language skills, as well as their general knowledge about the world.Health and physical well-beingBy ensuring that your child has nutritious food, exercise, and regular medical care, you give him a good start in life and minimize the chances of developing severe health problems or learning later in life.FoodsChildren need a proper diet.

After your child is born, he ** It requires nutritious food to stay healthy. School-age children can concentrate better in class if they eat balanced meals that include bread and cereals; fruits and vegetables; meat, poultry, fish and meat substitutes (such as eggs, beans, and peas); as well as milk, cheese, and yogurt. Make sure your child does not eat too many fats and sweet foods.Children between the ages of 2 to 5 years can eat the same foods as adults but in smaller portions.

Your pediatrician or medical adviser can give you good advice on what foods to give your baby or child under two years of age.If you need to get food for your child, there are federal, state and local programs that can help you. For example, the central nutrition program called the Special Supplemental Food Program for Women Infants and Children (the Special Program for Supplementary Food for Women and Children, known as WIC), distributes food to low-income women and their children throughout the country. There are also programs for food stamps ( food stamps ).

If you want information or want to determine if you can get stamps, call or visit your state health department. The staff at your local library can help you locate the names, addresses and phone numbers of these agencies.ExerciseChildren need to exercise. To learn how to control and coordinate the major muscles in the arms and legs, your child needs to pull and catch balls, run, jump and dance. To learn how to control and coordinate the smallest muscles in the hands and fingers, your child needs to color with crayons, put together puzzles, use child scissors-without sharp ends-close the zipper of his jacket, and be able to grab small objects like coins.

If you suspect that your child has a disability, visit your doctor as soon as possible. Early intervention can help your child develop well and reach his or her physical and mental potential.Medical careChildren need regular medical exams, immunizations, and dental care.

It is essential that you seek a doctor or clinic where your child can receive routine medical care or special care if he or she becomes ill or injured.Vaccines can prevent a large number of diseases, including measles, mumps, rubella, diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, HIB ( Haemophilus influenzae type b), polio, and tuberculosis. These diseases can damage your child’s mental and physical development. Talk to your doctor about the benefits and risks of vaccines.

 By the time you reach three years of age, your child should also begin receiving regular dental exams.Social and emotional preparationChildren start school with different degrees of social and emotional maturity. These qualities take time and require practice to learn them well. Give them opportunities to develop the following positive attributes:•    Self-confidence: Children should feel good about themselves and believe they can succeed. Children who show confidence are more willing to try new things and keep working if they do not reach the first time.

•    Independence: Children must learn to do things for themselves.•    Motivation: Children should want to learn.•    Curiosity: Children have a natural interest which should be cultivated so that they can make the most of opportunities to determine what is presented to them.•    Persistence: Children must learn to finish what they have started.•    Cooperation: Children should know how to get along with others and learn to share and take turns.•    Self-control: Children should learn that there are good and bad ways to express anger.

They must understand that some forms of behaving, such as hitting and biting, are not acceptable.•    Empathy: Children should show an interest in other people and know how they feel.Some essential tips for child care•    It is the parents who must guarantee the safety of the child in the home and create a friendly space in which they can explore and develop their motor skills without facing greater dangers.•    Without wishing to exaggerate the care of the children or inhibit their development, it is essential to take preventive measures at home to make it a safer place by following these recommendations:•    – Keep the toxic elements (cleaning products, medicines, air fresheners, etc.) that are in sight of children; curiosity can lead to intoxication.

•    – Buy protectors for the corners of tables, doors and other pointed ends that can cause an accident.•    – To ensure the safety of your little ones, install screens on the balconies and windows, use protection doors on the stairs, protect the outlets with covers and put anti-slip mats in the bathrooms.•    – Locate the kitchen implements that represent danger (knives, scissors, can openers) out of the reach of children.

•    – If you have a pet, teach them the treatment they should have with the animal and try not to play with it without you being present.•    For these security measures to be effective, you must accompany them with an education based on communication, respect and understanding.About us:We are committed to supporting families in their search for quality, accessible and convenient child care options. Funded by the California Department of Education, Child Development Division, YMCA Childcare Resource Service offers referrals for free child care and resources for families in San Diego County so that parents and guardians can make decisions about child care.