People or as a transitional object. Observed behaviors include

People
are afraid of all that surrounds them. 
With the changes of technologies, new challenges are coming up on a
daily basis. New inventions give rise to new fears  and new kinds of phobias have emerged.
Development of civilization has negative impact on people’s health and
psychological condition. Many people are not able to adjust to new reality,
where mankind is surrounded by technology. Image of modern human created by
mass media and enterprises has also harmful influence on society. It triggers
numerous phobias, which did not exist 100 hundred years ago. Some of them are:
nomophobia, thick-phobia and social phobia.

 

Since the first mobile phone was introduced to the consumer market in
1983, these devices have become significantly mainstream in the majority of
societies. Nomophobia occurs in situations when an individual experiences
anxiety due to the fear of not having access to a mobile phone. The
“over-connection syndrome” occurs when mobile phone use reduces the
amount of face-to-face interactions thereby interfering significantly with an
individual’s social and family interactions.. Anxiety is provoked by several
factors, such as the loss of a mobile phone, loss of reception, and a dead
mobile phone battery. Some clinical characteristics of nomophobia include using
the device impulsively, as a protection from social communication, or as a
transitional object. Observed behaviors include having one or more devices with
access to internet, always carrying a charger, and experiencing feelings of
anxiety when thinking about losing the mobile. Other clinical characteristics
of nomophobia are a considerably decreased number of face-to-face interactions
with humans, replaced by a growing preference for communication through
technological interfaces, keeping the device in reach when sleeping and never
turned off, and looking at the phone screen frequently to avoid missing any
message, phone call, or notification. Irrational reactions and extreme
reactions due to anxiety and stress may be experienced by the individual in
public settings where mobile phone use is restricted, such as in airports,
academic institutions, hospitals and work. Signs of distress and depression
occur when the individual does not receive any contact through a mobile phone.
Phantom Call Syndrome is a common syndrome that occurs in people who are too
dependent on mobile devices. They constantly feel that they have a phone
ringing, although in fact nothing happens. In this case, a person can not only
hear a non-existent call, but also feel an itch in the place near which the
phone is located. As a rule, phantom ring syndrome occurs against the background
of stress and can signal an impending nervous breakdown. The ability to
communicate through a mobile phone gives the individual peace of mind and
security.

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At the end of the 20th century, fashion trends have given us a new
standard of beauty — painfully thin woman with sunken eyes and highlighted
cheekbones. many girls around the world bring themselves to exhaustion to meet
this fantasy. These fears turned into a new Thick-phobia. People suffering from
this disease, are afraid to gain even one kilo. The emergence of excess grams
on the scales generates panic, apathy, depression, and sometimes leads to
anorexia. Women suffering from to Thick-phobia, refuse to have children, not to
gain extra weight.

Social anxiety disorder,
also known as social phobia, is an
anxiety disorder
characterized by a significant amount of fear in one or more social situations,
causing considerable distress and impaired ability to function in at least some
parts of daily life.1:15
These fears can be triggered by perceived or actual scrutiny from others.
Physical symptoms often include excessive blushing, excess sweating, trembling, palpitations,
and nausea. Stammering may be
present, along with rapid speech. Panic attacks
can also occur under intense fear and discomfort. people are afraid of crowds
and cannot stay long among people. They feel as if they are being fixedly
watched and even condemned by other people. In most serious cases, these people
are afraid of eating in presence of others or even leaving their flat as they
fear of looking awkward. It is common for sufferers of social phobia to self-medicate in
this fashion, especially if they are undiagnosed, untreated, or both; this can
lead to alcoholism, eating disorders or
other kinds of substance abuse. the causes of social anxiety and social phobia
is wide-ranging, encompassing multiple perspectives from neuroscience to
sociology.
Social phobia is not caused by other mental disorders or by substance abuse.
Generally, social anxiety begins at a specific point in an individual’s life.
This will develop over time as the person struggles to recover. Eventually,
mild social awkwardness can develop into symptoms of social anxiety or phobia.

 

There
is no doubt, that modern phobias lead to numerous diseases like: depression,
addictions, apathy. Mental disorders are also hazardous and can lead to
alienation. In this case, people who suffer from phobias mentioned above are
not able to live among modern society. The term “techno-stress”
is another way to describe an individual who avoids face-to-face interactions
by engaging in isolation including psychological mood disorders. Mankind’s
phobias in 21st  are the price
that people pay for rapid development.