One of the most influential psychologist of the 20th century, Erik Erikson was born in 1902 in Frankfurt-am-Main, Germany. After completing high school, he moved to Florence to pursue his interest in art, and in 1927 became an art teacher at a psychoanalytically advanced school for children started by Dorothy Burlingham and Anna Freud in Vienna. He was the first to propose that children are not simply biological organisms but also products of society’s expectations, prejudices, and prohibitions. Erikson was married to Joan Erikson and they had 3 kids, Kai T. Erikson, Sue Erikson and Jon Erikson. Erikson passed away in Harwich, Massachusetts on May 12, 1994.
In Psychosocial theory of Development, Erikson proposed that personality development takes place throughout the whole lifespan. Erikson suggested that we are encouraged to meet success in certain parts of our life. According to Psychosocial theory of Development, we experience 8 stages throughout our lifetime.
At each stage there is a task that we need to complete in order to be successful in life and to have healthy personality. Failure to achieve success in each stage will lead to have feelings of incompetence.The 8 stages are known as Trust vs. Mistrust age 0-1, Autonomy vs. shame/doubt age 1–3, Initiative vs. guilt age 3–6, Industry vs. inferiority age 7–11, Identity vs.
confusion age 12–18 , Intimacy vs. isolation age 19–29, Generativity vs. stagnation age 30–64, Integrity vs. despair age 65–. As we grow older we tend to slow down our efficiency and enjoy life as a retired person. Integrity vs.
Despair age, which is a Assess and make sense of life and meaning of contributions, this stage is also known as late adulthood. So, basically at this stage people reflect back to their lives and feel sense to happiness or sense of despair. People who feel sense of happiness has few or no regrets. On the other hand, people who feel sense of despair have a lot of regrets and they think on what “could have,””should have” and “would have” been. This also leads them to have feelings such as hopelessness and depression.
Success in this will lead to integrity of sagacity. Sagacity enables person to look back on their life and have sense of joyness and completeness and accept death without fear and regret. The reason why this stage stick out me was because I totally agree with it. At this point in age people usually retire and they contribute to society, they educate their upcoming generations with life lessons and share things with their family that they have done in their life that might help their kids or other individuals who are young and just starting in their life. I agree with all the stages Erikson proposed, they might happen to me more than once but it gives me an idea, what will happen to me at certain point in my life. When I get to my mid 60s, I want to reflect back on my life and feel the sense of happiness and have few or no regrets. These 8 stages from a basis of conversations on emotional and social development, but these stages can occur more than once in our lifetime.
Erikson did a great job explaining these stages and they sound reasonable to anyone and many people can relate to his theories and stages that may occur in anybody’s life at anytime.