: Nowadays there are more people needpsychological help then ever in history. This is the result of many reasons butmostly that people are far away from religion and their souls needs guidance as well as their brains morethan ever. Counselingis a session in which the counselor help you reflect on your own problem andfind the solution to them by showing you ways may be they were not clear to theperson. While general counseling aims to heal the body and mind, Islamiccounseling focus on the soul and offers spiritual help as well.
Islamic Scholars offers only Islamicsolutions to your problems and helps you go closer to Allah(SWT). Scholars understands that humans are liable tocommitting sins, so they will never judge anyone who seeks out counseling services. Counselingis not like medication just take a pill and you will be fine and your problemswill go away, no never it is rather time taking process but it provides a longlasting results. To findsolutions for the problems both by counseling and religiously, counselors andscholars they need to work together.
Spirituality in Islam needs guidance onspiritual, physical, cognitive, psychological and social needs. Spiritualitycontrol all dimensions of human needs. Therefore counselors need to understandsthat Islam is not only a religion but a way of life. In Islam,Allah(SWT) is the main source of help therefore, a Muslim would seek help fromAllah as Prophet Mohammad (peace be upon him) advisedAbdullah Bin ‘Abbas “Be mindful of God, and God will protect you. Be mindful ofGod, and you will find Him in front of you. If you ask, ask of God; if you seekhelp, seek help of God” (Al-Tirmidhi).
Muslims should firstthank Allah(SWT) and then those who help them. Supplication and trust in Allah are important in Islam. However, Islam doesnot prohibit seeking help from other people, as far as there is a need and thehelp-seeker would see Allah as the main source of help and helpers as meansonly.
During daily prayers, Muslims ask Allah(SWT) “Weworship You and we seek help from You, guide us to the straight path.” (SurahFatiha 5,6). Anyone can face hardships, but Islam allowspracticing Muslim clients to look andrespond to problems through the teachings of Islam and by seeking Allah’s help.Practicing Muslim clients see hardships as an opportunity for growth. Teachingsof Islam encourage them to be confident that, if they persevere and use allpermissible means to solve a problem, they would not only come out of anysuffering stronger but also their shortcomings would be forgiven.Relationship Building:Relationshipbuilding between the client and the counselor and the scholar, is the key forsuccessful counseling. Muslim clients would probably respond better to anyrelationship based on Islamic virtues as equality, empathy, honesty, andfairness.
Fortunately, these are also among the core counseling values. Assessment:1: Qawmah(awakening) orbecoming conscious, is the first stage of the Islamic Counseling model. Thismeans the client become aware of the need for change and the problem that mustbe solved. The client remembers all the bounties of Allah and what he ismissing in his condition. He realizes that he can change and Allah will helphim in the process, and becomes aware of Allah’s compassion and almighty powerand that, with Allah’s help, he can get rid of any confusion in life. Qawmah isoften what brings the client to the counselor seeking help and to realize the existence of the problem and itsseriousness.2:Istisharah(consultation) means understandingof an Islamic counseling problem and solving process.
As the client becomesaware of the necessity of meeting a need or solving a problem, the counselor and the client start collaborating oncollecting data. They both consult all appropriate sources of information,starting with the client. The collected information can be from the client orhis relatives. The Prophet Mohammad (peace be upon him) said that whoeverconsults with others would not regret later. 3: Tafakkur(reflection)After collection of relevant data, the counseling and the client engage inTafakkur, reflection. The counselor helps the client to make meaning of thedata, analyze the problems, set realistic goals, and identify appropriateaction strategies. However, Tafakkur goes beyond the analysis and planningaspects to include the client reflecting upon Allah’s creation and uncountablebounties to sharpen his vision and spiritually strengthen his motivation.
Intervention Plan: Then comes the step of intervention,the client prays Istikharah or prays for guidance after thinking through futuregoals and action should be taken and before making a final decision. InIstikharah, the client prays for Allah’s guidance in deciding which route totake. Literally, it means “seeking guidance in what is good” . Since theclient’s knowledge and ability are limited and only God is Omniscient andOmnipotent, he consults his Creator and seeks guidance in making the best decision.After Istikharahprayers, the client adheres to the goals and action strategies that becomeclear and he feels comfortable with. The client achieves Basirah orgoal-and-route vision in this process . Then the counselors helps the client tomake ‘Azm or a final, firm decision.
‘Azm or firm decision is the final step inthe action planning stage. With the support of the counselor, the client coulddecide to work towards the desired situation, following the plan. As a firm decision is made, theclient puts his Tawakul or trust in God. The client resolves that, with thehelp of the counselor, the client would try to do his best but would leave therest up to almighty God. Action (‘Amal):After a clearvision, a firm decision, and trust in God, the client starts the implementationof the action plan. The counseling would help the client overcome any internalor external obstacles that might hinder the implementation process.
The counselor would provide support throughoutthe process but the client must rely on himself after putting his trust in God.Evaluation (Muhasabah):Muhasabah orevaluation is the last process in the Islamic social work model. Muhasabahhelps the counselor and the client to determine the extent to which the chosen strategieshave been successfully applied to reach the specified goals. Like all otherprocesses in the Islamic counseling there is no distinction between the”material” and the “spiritual” aspects.
Muslims believe that God will evaluateall of their actions in this world and they will be rewarded accordingly bothin this world and in the next world.Conclusion: Althoughprofessional counselor has made advancesin the development of general principles of multicultural counselor, little isstill known about how the teachings of Islam could contribute to counselor withMuslims. While the principles of multicultural work remain necessary, there are close similarities between theteachings of Islam and core counseling values including upholding human dignity,counselor, helping the needy, and integrity, but sadly human needs, the sourceof help, the nature of problems and their solutions, are very few.