: Nowadays there are more people need
psychological help then ever in history. This is the result of many reasons but
mostly that people are far away from religion and their souls needs guidance as well as their brains more
is a session in which the counselor help you reflect on your own problem and
find the solution to them by showing you ways may be they were not clear to the
person. While general counseling aims to heal the body and mind, Islamic
counseling focus on the soul and offers spiritual help as well. Islamic Scholars offers only Islamic
solutions to your problems and helps you go closer to Allah(SWT). Scholars understands that humans are liable to
committing sins, so they will never judge anyone who seeks out counseling services. Counseling
is not like medication just take a pill and you will be fine and your problems
will go away, no never it is rather time taking process but it provides a long
solutions for the problems both by counseling and religiously, counselors and
scholars they need to work together. Spirituality in Islam needs guidance on
spiritual, physical, cognitive, psychological and social needs. Spirituality
control all dimensions of human needs. Therefore counselors need to understands
that Islam is not only a religion but a way of life.
Allah(SWT) is the main source of help therefore, a Muslim would seek help from
Allah as Prophet Mohammad (peace be upon him) advised
Abdullah Bin ‘Abbas “Be mindful of God, and God will protect you. Be mindful of
God, and you will find Him in front of you. If you ask, ask of God; if you seek
help, seek help of God” (Al-Tirmidhi).
Muslims should first
thank Allah(SWT) and then those who help them. Supplication and trust in Allah are important in Islam. However, Islam does
not prohibit seeking help from other people, as far as there is a need and the
help-seeker would see Allah as the main source of help and helpers as means
only. During daily prayers, Muslims ask Allah(SWT)
worship You and we seek help from You, guide us to the straight path.” (Surah
Anyone can face hardships, but Islam allows
practicing Muslim clients to look and
respond to problems through the teachings of Islam and by seeking Allah’s help.
Practicing Muslim clients see hardships as an opportunity for growth. Teachings
of Islam encourage them to be confident that, if they persevere and use all
permissible means to solve a problem, they would not only come out of any
suffering stronger but also their shortcomings would be forgiven.
building between the client and the counselor and the scholar, is the key for
successful counseling. Muslim clients would probably respond better to any
relationship based on Islamic virtues as equality, empathy, honesty, and
fairness. Fortunately, these are also among the core counseling values.
1: Qawmah(awakening) or
becoming conscious, is the first stage of the Islamic Counseling model. This
means the client become aware of the need for change and the problem that must
be solved. The client remembers all the bounties of Allah and what he is
missing in his condition. He realizes that he can change and Allah will help
him in the process, and becomes aware of Allah’s compassion and almighty power
and that, with Allah’s help, he can get rid of any confusion in life. Qawmah is
often what brings the client to the counselor seeking help and to realize the existence of the problem and its
2:Istisharah(consultation) means understanding
of an Islamic counseling problem and solving process. As the client becomes
aware of the necessity of meeting a need or solving a problem, the counselor and the client start collaborating on
collecting data. They both consult all appropriate sources of information,
starting with the client. The collected information can be from the client or
his relatives. The Prophet Mohammad (peace be upon him) said that whoever
consults with others would not regret later.
After collection of relevant data, the counseling and the client engage in
Tafakkur, reflection. The counselor helps the client to make meaning of the
data, analyze the problems, set realistic goals, and identify appropriate
action strategies. However, Tafakkur goes beyond the analysis and planning
aspects to include the client reflecting upon Allah’s creation and uncountable
bounties to sharpen his vision and spiritually strengthen his motivation.
Then comes the step of intervention,
the client prays Istikharah or prays for guidance after thinking through future
goals and action should be taken and before making a final decision. In
Istikharah, the client prays for Allah’s guidance in deciding which route to
take. Literally, it means “seeking guidance in what is good” . Since the
client’s knowledge and ability are limited and only God is Omniscient and
Omnipotent, he consults his Creator and seeks guidance in making the best decision.
prayers, the client adheres to the goals and action strategies that become
clear and he feels comfortable with. The client achieves Basirah or
goal-and-route vision in this process . Then the counselors helps the client to
make ‘Azm or a final, firm decision. ‘Azm or firm decision is the final step in
the action planning stage. With the support of the counselor, the client could
decide to work towards the desired situation, following the plan.
As a firm decision is made, the
client puts his Tawakul or trust in God. The client resolves that, with the
help of the counselor, the client would try to do his best but would leave the
rest up to almighty God.
After a clear
vision, a firm decision, and trust in God, the client starts the implementation
of the action plan. The counseling would help the client overcome any internal
or external obstacles that might hinder the implementation process. The counselor would provide support throughout
the process but the client must rely on himself after putting his trust in God.
evaluation is the last process in the Islamic social work model. Muhasabah
helps the counselor and the client to determine the extent to which the chosen strategies
have been successfully applied to reach the specified goals. Like all other
processes in the Islamic counseling there is no distinction between the
“material” and the “spiritual” aspects. Muslims believe that God will evaluate
all of their actions in this world and they will be rewarded accordingly both
in this world and in the next world.
professional counselor has made advances
in the development of general principles of multicultural counselor, little is
still known about how the teachings of Islam could contribute to counselor with
Muslims. While the principles of multicultural work remain necessary, there are close similarities between the
teachings of Islam and core counseling values including upholding human dignity,
counselor, helping the needy, and integrity, but sadly human needs, the source
of help, the nature of problems and their solutions, are very few.