NativeAmericans depended mostly on fishing and hunting wild game for survival. They often travelled where they knewvegetation flourished, knowing that this made hunting and fishingabundant. Wherever they decide totemporarily settle, they made the ground fertile by burning off unwanted crops,and planting vegetables that they found valuable such as berries, and corn. They also planted crops that would attract otherwild game, as to provide more food for them. They made sure to settle where they had a continual source of waterflowing, and made houses that overlooked streams. The Native Americans werevery ingenious and developed early irrigation systems that would bring water todry regions. Maize, or corn, was astaple crop, and extended quickly and widely, becoming one of the major sourcesof an agricultural revolution.
It wasused not only as a part of the diet of ancient Native Americans, but the huskof corn was also very valuable, because it could be used in arts andcrafts. The cob of the corn was alsocommonly used as fuel to start fires. With this new agricultural revolution,Native Americans longer had to move from place to place. Many settled in permanent settlements, also referredto as pueblos. These pueblos were multistoriedand were usually built of stone and adobe.
They had everything they needed to become self-sufficient in hunting,gathering, and fishing. Small citiesbegan to spring up in little nomadic towns. These small cities soon became large and attracted more and more people. This exponential growth in population gaveNative Americans more time to focus on other tasks, such as making pottery,weaving baskets, and weapon making. Because of such resources, Native Americans were able to thrive, andbecome an excellent source of trade for many other villages. Native American villages soon developed their own distinct culture and language,so they could communicate with one another.
Each village had a chief and counsel members that foresaw all dealingswith other tribes. These chiefs and councilmembers were elected by the village members, and could therefore, dispose ofthem if they felt as if they weren’t doing their duties as chiefs and councilmembers. Each village also had a religious,or spiritual leader, called a powaw, and led the tribe in many rituals andceremonies. Some of these rituals andceremonies included death ceremonies, healing rituals, and pow-wows. Pow-wows were meetings that could include celebrations,feasts, and festivals. Pow-wows usuallyconsisted of some sort of dance and song, to help illustrate the importance ofNative American culture. It is easy to see how ancient NativeAmericans way of life helped pave the way for modern America. Native Americans were the first group ofpeople to survive off of the land.
Theyhunted, fished, and planted one of the most valuable crops that we still eattoday, corn. Native Americans developedearly irrigation systems that are still used today to help provide water to dryland. They settled in their own towns,and by making resources such as baskets, pottery and weapons, were one of thefirst sources of trade. Each village hada chief leader and counsel members that were responsible for their own village,much like the government system in use today. Much of what we know today can be traced back to ancient Native Americanculture, and the resourcefulness they used to help produce the firstagricultural revolution.