Many people have to drink contaminated water in order to survive. More than two billion people use a water source that is contaminated with feces (Drinking-Water).
Sadly, drinking this water has major consequences. Once the water enters their system, people can develop illnesses such as diarrhea, cholera, dysentery, typhoid, and polio (Drinking-Water). According to “Global WASH Fast Facts,” “Unsafe drinking water, inadequate availability of water for hygiene, and lack of access to sanitation together contributes to about eighty-eight percent of deaths from diarrheal diseases” (Global WASH Fast Facts). Globally, neglected water or hygiene diseases infect millions of people. This case can be found mostly in areas with poor sanitation, unclean drinking water, and lacking hygiene practices. In fact, 801,000 children under five years of age pass away from diarrhea each year.
This is most commonly found in developing countries (Global WASH Fast Facts). People have to choose between dying from dehydration or surviving by drinking unsafe water with deadly consequences.In addition to rainforests and water quality, the effects of natural disasters can have profound effects on the environment. Natural disasters are forces of nature, such as earthquakes, hurricanes, volcanic eruptions, wildfires, landslides, tsunamis, floods and tornadoes, which have catastrophic effects on the environment and frequently loss of life (Environment Issues). In fact, the disastrous environmental impacts of natural disasters can be worsened by the actions of mankind.
The destruction of rainforests result in more greenhouse gas accumulation in the atmosphere, which increases the temperature of the Earth’s surface (What is a Rainforest). The location of the residents depends on how vulnerable they are to the natural disasters. Coastal areas have an increased risk of experiencing them because the sea level is high and the upper ocean heat content is high (Knap).Hurricanes are one example of natural disasters. A hurricane is a strong tropical storm with powerful winds that can exceed seventy-four miles per hour. As a hurricane is forming, it is travelling over warm water.
This causes the surface temperature of the ocean to rise (Environment Issues). Research has shown that since the 1970’s, hurricanes have become more intense and they will continue to increase because of global warming. Global warming plays a role in hurricane formation because the Earth is heating up and hurricanes are attracted to warmer waters.
Rising sea levels and a growing coastline population contribute to the intense hurricanes as well. (Hurricanes). Hurricanes have many effects that can change the environment such as, storm surges, heavy rainfall, high winds, tornadoes and rip tides (Effects of a Hurricane). A storm surge is ocean water that is being pushed by strong winds onto the coast.
Heavy rainfall from a hurricane is one reason why flooding occurs. It can rain between six to twelve inches during a hurricane. Most people die during a hurricane because of the flooding. High winds can destroy buildings and houses, and they can fling debris through the air.
Tornadoes can also occur because of the strong winds. Tornadoes can ruin structures, blow trees down and scatter lots of trash and belongings. The rain and debris pollute the environment and mix unsafe chemicals with the water and air making it unsafe for humans. Another danger to humans are rip tides. Rip tides are strong currents in the ocean and can be deadly to citizens that swim in the ocean (Effects of a Hurricane).
Another natural disaster is wildfires. Wildfires are large fires that spread across forests. Even though burning can have a positive effect on the environment, wildfires create an environmental problem. According to “Facts and Statistics: Wildfires,” “As many as 90 percent of wildland fires in the United States are caused by humans.
” Unattended campfires are the most common reason as to why a wildfire was started (Facts and Statistics). Fires can affect agriculture, animals, forests, water and air. Plants and animals can be destroyed and burned during this natural disaster.
This causes a depletion in food, plants and animals. Their habitats are destroyed and their foods sources are diminished as well. In 2017, more than nine million acres of land was destroyed in wildfires (Wildfires). Forests and trees are also burned and turned to ash as well. As the trees burn, habitats are destroyed, decreasing species population. Water is polluted as well during this natural disaster. Runoff increases after a fire and it may contain unsafe nutrients and pollution. This unsafe water will mix with the population’s water making it unsafe to drink.
The air becomes heavily polluted as well. Air quality decreases as smoke, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, and hydrocarbons are released into the air making it polluted and unhealthy for humans to breathe (Environmental Effects). The environment is a delicate and important domain and the human population must be aware of their actions towards it. They must be conscious that their careless and irresponsible actions can have negative effects on the environment. Even though citizens have industrialized and created new technology that can help improve people’s lives and the ecosystems condition, the environment is still fragile and consequences still occur.
Consequences such as poor water quality, deforestation of rainforests and even natural disasters are concerning issues that should raise awareness about the delicate environment in which the world lives.