Male Gaze is the act of differentiating the male and thewoman, portraying the female as an object. Male Gaze only apply to heterosexualmale, because they do use the woman for personal desire. They do adopt the languageof psychoanalysis, as example, we have the Theory of Lacan where he doesquestion what – desire, pleasure, ideal – really means. Also, in Freudianpsychoanalytic theory, we do encounter scopophilia (the pleasure in looking atother’s people body), another way of objectivizing the woman persona. We candescribe the male gaze as the visual satisfaction for the male receiver.”Psychoanalytic theorists, for the most part, tend toapproach the question of cinematic pleasure with an essentially object-directedconception of pleasure. Their accounts tend to focus on the way in whichparticular cinematic representations or conventions are capable of activatingthe discourse of the unconscious and its wordless movements of desire.
“1Also narcissism is a term for self- absorption, the urge tobe always better than the others. In movies, the male actors are seen asnarcissistic persons, the camera pointing from his point of view, portrayinghim as the one with the power. While, the women is always seen as an object (themale watch view turn into the camera perspective). The fact that the man is theone that has the capability to decide makes his ego even more considerable,making him augment his self-admiration.”The term narcissism is derived from clinical descriptionand was chosen by Paul Näcke in1899 to denote the attitude of a person who treats his own body in the same wayin which the body of a sexual object is ordinarily treated – who looks at it,that is to say, strokes it and fondles it till he obtains complete satisfactionthrough these activities. Developed to this degree, narcissism has thesignificance of a perversion that has absorbed the whole of the subject’s life,and it will consequently exhibit the characteristics which we expect to meet within the study of perversions.
“2The idea that women are only projected for pure pleasure didchange when they wanted to have legal right and change the stereotypes. Theywere capable of receiving them in the early 20th century and menstarted to feel insecure when they had the company of a woman. They did startto occupy jobs that were only seen as ‘only for women’ function. (“All of thesewere roles in which a working woman’s prime duties could be interpreted asflirting with the ever-changing male clientele – yea even for lingerie.”)3Women slowly gained power and they become more and moreindependent. The desire to be equal was stronger than ever, they did stop usingtheir charm and body to pay/achieve something. They started to expand and workinto industries that were not seen women-like before. They preferred to workhard and not to take the easy path, so they can teach men a lesson: that theyare more than just a good-looking object.
As an example, we have: “Cecil B.DeMille produced The Cheat (1915),the story of a woman who has borrowed $10.000 from a Japanese man and tries topay him back in cash instead of paying in sex. She is branded on her shoulderas one of his possessions for daring to presume a female could use cash insteadof sex in the world of men. This was ‘praised for the realism of its players’ inits day.”Women also started to be more active in the film industry,but even after they gained their rights, the woman are still seen in a passive role –she is the one that is looked at.
(“The role of a woman in a film almost alwaysrevolves around her physical attraction and the mating games she plays with themale characters.”)4In movies, the female is always seen from the manperspective, how he analyse her…the way she walks, the way she dresses, herlips, her eyes, fragmenting every piece of body and sexualizing it. The malebeing in an active position (the spectator).It was really hard for a female tobe seen more than just a body, not only in film, but in every other fields andeven at school, home, mostly in any kind of societyIn the other hand, men are the ones with the power in anyindustry. When they talk about themselves in books, movies, they portray theirown self as the hero. Also when a woman wants to find a job, men do tend to bereally arrogant and feel superior over females.
They also have to search morefor a job than a man who can more easily be accepted, when it happens that theyfind one, it is not as well as paid as the one a man would find.”Men have written plenty about themselves as men; little ofit consciously. When men are conscious of their gender they talk of heroicmasculinity, of manhood and its vicissitudes.
“5 In movies we do see how male do punish the woman, force themto do whatever satisfy them and if they do not accept, the male will humiliateher. I can go to an extend and say that they somehow use her as their slave.1 Singer,L. (1990). Eye/mind/screen: Toward a phenomenology of cinematicscopophilia. Quarterly Review of film and Video, 12(3),pp.
51-67.2 Freud, S.(2014). On narcissism: an introduction. Read Books Ltd.
3 Sue T.(1999). Feminist Film Theory,Edinburgh University Press, Antony Rowe4 Sue T. (1999). Feminist Film Theory, Edinburgh University Press, Antony Rowe5 Petter M.
(1992). The Inward Gaze Masculinity & Subjectivity in Modern Culture, 11New Fetter Lane, London, Routledge