Ludwig van Beethoven was born in Bonn, Germany inDecember 1770. He is a pianist and composer considered the greatest of alltime, whose innovative composition to combines vocals and instruments,extending the scope of sonata, symphony, concert and quartet. Beethoven’spersonal life is characterized by a struggle against deafness, and some of hismost important works are written for the last 10 years of his life. Some ofBeethoven’s best-known compositions include Symphony No. 3, Symphony No. 5, FurElise, Symphony No.
7, Missa Solemnis, Symphony No. 9, and String Quartet No.14.One of Beethoven’s best-known works among modernaudiences, “Symphony No. 5” is known for its ominous first fournotes.
Beethoven began composing the piece in 1804, It is the best known compositions in classical music, and one of the most frequently played symphonies. First performed in Vienna’s Theater an der Wien in 1808. This symphony consists of four movements.
Itshad a long development process, as he worked out the musical ideas for thework. The final preparation of the Fifth Symphony by in 1807–1808, was carriedout in parallel with the Sixth Symphony.The first movement was in the form of sonata with tempoAllegro con brio. The first movement was opened with a four-note motif.
Thereis a debate among conductors on how to play that is between some conductorstaking it in tight allegro tempo, molto ritardando, heavy weight losstreatment, slower and more magnitude tempo. The second movement is tempo with Andantecon motto. This movement is a lyrical work in the form of multiple variations,which means that two themes will be presented and the vary in replacements.This movement opened with its theme announcement, a melody united and played byviolas and cellos, with accompaniment of double bass. The second theme was withthe harmony provided by clarinet, bassun, and violin, with arpeggio triplet inviolas and bass. The third movement was in the form of a ternary with Scherzo’stempo Allegro, consisting of scherzo and trio.
It follows the tradition of thethird movement of the classic era symphony. However, Beethoven chose to use thenewer scherzo and trio forms. The forth movement, the triumphant andexhilarating finale is written in an unusual variant of sonata form withthe tempo of Allegro. At the end ofthe development section, the music halts ona dominant cadence, played fortissimo, and the music continues aftera pause with a quiet reprise of the “horn theme” of the scherzomovement.Mainstructure of Sonata Allegro form of the first movement, the motive is presentedby all the strings and clarinets in unison and repeated one step lower.
Thefirst theme at the bar 6 then grows from overlapping presentations of themotive by the second violins, violas, and first violins in turn. This openingsection ends with a strong cadence on the dominant and a general pause. Thesecond theme at bar 59 was begins with gentle, lyrical phrase, accompanied bythe motive in the low strings. The phrase is played in turn by violins,clarinet, and flute with violin, after which its is extended by a risingsequence in the violins. The development section begins with the first motiveplayed by horns and clarinets.
The strings answer, and different groups ofinstruments play the first motive imitatively in rising sequence. At theclimax, the rhythm of the basic motive is pounded out by the entire orchestra.The basic motive return to close the development section and to announce therecapitulation. After the first statement of the theme, a brief oboe solo isheard.
The opening motive returns and builds to a climax, as in the exposition.