Leadership is one of the most common characteristic , it’s basically mean the ability to lead a group of people or employees or team members and influence them to do best what can they do . Leading a group is not an easy task , to be a leader it takes time to improve that skill In the personality . ?what is meant to be a leader? Leaders to be a person assigned to the work team and can influence them positively in persuasion and the leader to achieve the goals by persuasion without cruelty or control. The leader is someone who tries to influence people positively and guide them to achieve the desired goal. Leadership behavior is not limited to people who work in organizations may be the leader of the father who leads his family to organize a trip or may be the teacher that leads its students. A successful leader is a leader who succeeds in influencing people and achieving goals and the ability to motivate people to work.
The leadership is a source of interaction between employees and the plans of the organization and future plans. The leadership has many benefits and a great impact on the performance of these benefits. Improve the work environment and make it a comfortable and efficient environment through sharing information and experiences among the employees. Also improve the performance of employees and make them more effective and efficient and enable them to solve problems. In addition to that the leadership enables the leader to increase control and to implement plans and strategies and accomplish tasks with effective results and satisfactory and more accurate. It is important that leadership motivates employees to work and make them put more efforts and work as owners as they work for their personal goals, which makes the completion of the task faster with the best results.
.In order to achieve the benefits of leadership successfully, the leader must enjoy the qualities of the first of these qualities, the ability of the leader to organize his work time accurately. Second, he has the ability to anticipate the future vision because the successful leader can see what others do not see. He must also have great confidence in his abilities and ability to develop the correct and thoughtful plans. Moreover, the successful leader enjoys social intelligence, as he has the ability to communicate with others, communicate ideas, be a good listener, and skillful interlocutors to convince them of his ideas. The leader should be an educated, highly educated person who always seeks to educate and develop himself. The leader must have a commitment to the plans as he does not carry out plans or promises that he can not implement or delay. He also has a moral obligation in which the successful leader takes into account his principles, values and individuals norms.
Some believe that the leader and manager have the same meaning and function but in fact there is a difference between the leader and the manager.The manager is the person who deals with the workers in a strict system and the employees must accept this system with its advantages and disadvantages. In addition, the manager uses the system of the president and the subordinate and depends on the laws and regulations to organize the work. He also focuses more on plans, strategies and timetables. On the other hand, the leader is the person who deals with the workers with the participation of the crews and the agreement between the employees and the views of the workers and does not depend on the laws and policies as well as he tries to devise plans and ways to solve problems and has the judgment in dealing and participation of workers in the work.
The female leader which we nominated in our research is one of Economics and Administration Faculty member , she is Nadia Awad Mahmoud Abdul Ghaffar . She got General Specialization Environmental Management from University of Portsmouth UK . she has Leading managerial experience as a Supervisor of the Management Information Systems Department also , Part-time consultant in the Community Service and Training Unit ,Vice President of Committee for the Development of Organizational Structure and Career Track in the Presidency. She love helps students and gives tips for who’s need and answering their questions about the study or even about job market also she tray to motivate depressed student and promote them to achieving their targets . Moreover , she is Collaborator and flexible with her student’s .
The group member was searching about a female Saudi leader and after searching, we agree to choose Dr.Nadia abdulgaffar as a leader and she is a doctor in king Abd Al-aziez university . We chose Dr. Nadia because for what we have seen during this semester she have a great way in coaching, leading, special personality characteristics and strong charisma. The interview took approximately one hour in her office, consists of 13 questions . The questions include multiple aspects of this leader like the achievements , what is style she use it , her philosophy and how she make leader decision. the most important decisions taken and other important points will be analyzed later .
In the beginning we asked dr.Nadia about her style in leadership and we found her favorite style that she respect each employee,deal with open door policy , giving the task to the employee and make it work in his own way by the initiative and research to return interest on this employee which is learning and acquiring a new thing rather than giving it and restricting. This style called supportive leadership which the leader who is friendly and giving them respect and make the work environment pleasant .
The second point we discussed is about her philosophy in leading other she told us that her philosophy is Participation by giving the employees respect and some area they can share with me with the show and recognition that employees have the good skills and abilities and encouragement . Her philosophy we consider it as participative leadership where there leader who invites employees to share , consults , seek to there ideas and opinions . Also, her favorite leader is Muhammad( ??? ???? ???? ???? ) The best of mankind and the leader of the nation. On other hand she think that the leadership has strong effect on other and their productivity .In general leadership have a strong effect on employees productivity’s because when our employee works in an environment based on guidance, participation, coordination, motivation and training. Ultimately, we will reach the desired results of productivity and high efficiency the most important decisions was taken by dr. Nadia as a leader in her position was to work as Advisor in the protection of meteorology and environment and she worked with them for 3 years .What about her opinion in if the leader could have impact on followers she said Of course because sometimes we see a good employees but without effective leadership the result will be negative also the leadership depends on type of employee, status and decision taken. Also , all leader face situational factors but but we try to separate a good leader is able to focus on his tasks even in the most difficult times .These days I face situational factor which is the death of Dr. Nisreen, who was really affected by it because it was working with me and we was is close friend to each other . We asked her about her opinion if she think there are any barriers face a women leader in Saudi culture and she never feel that and she don’t think because it’s depend on the leader himself like before i went to the protection of meteorology and environment i change there negative view about Women worked with them because they have a previous negative experience . Sometimes people think that man better than women do as leader but this not true because the leadership depends on the situation and people. There is no different between man and woman finally the personality of the leader and his knowledge, experience and how to deal with different situation and people are the main thing regardless of gender. The way that used by Dr. Nadia to encourage the team toward the core values by giving the opportunity, Self prove and Research and Innovation. Also, we would know if her career added to her personality as a leader she answered yes but she think the leadership can come in Two forms : acquired or innate , she considered her leadership as innate also ,work ,experience , different environments and positions have had a role and are considered sources of maturity a good leader who assess himself because in this way he will improve. Dr Nadia loves to learn and acquire new knowledge, has a strong ambition as well as she has an independent personality, depends on it and very rational. Also for some accomplishments in leadership: now in the protection of meteorology and environment they accept the idea to recruit women, Strategy in recruitment ,strategy in environmental awareness and Strategy in organizational structure also the different positions in the university that I worked in Different positions , environment , people make you learn something new and in this way you can develop yourself.
Conclusions and recommendations
In conclusion, there are a lot of successful Saudi women leaders. They adopted different leadership styles with high ability to lead and handle high job positions. Our example Dr.Nadia Abdulghaffar is one of these successful Saudi women leaders. She has her own effective leadership style. She achieved a lot of accomplishments as a successful and effective leader. Which clearly show how much the Saudi culture is an encouraging culture to any woman see herself as a leader. Moreover, we recommend companies located in Saudi Arabia to give more opportunities for Saudi women to occupied different jobs including high job positions. In addition, we recommend other researchers to do such research with more than one-woman leader in Saudi Arabia to increase the number of samples and improve the research outcomes.