Lauren DemaMs. FischerEnglish II11 January 2018 Who was involved in the Holocaust and role did they play? Why were they important? The Holocaust involved many people such as Victims, Perpetrators, Resisters, Rescuers, and Survivors. All of these roles have important parts they play in the Holocaust. Whether it be good or bad, it all influenced on what we get taught today. There were many victims involved in the Holocaust. Some of these include: Jews, Gypsies, people with mental or physical disabilities, and Jehovah’s witnesses. Hitler started his hatred for Jews in 1919.
He used this hatred to make life for them miserable. For example, in April of 1933, the Nazi’s boycotted Jewish Busniness for a day. Later, this evolved into more restrictions for Jews. They were not allowed in cinemas, swimming pools, and resorts. They also could not publish newspapers and had to carry around identification cards. Hitler swept the Jewish population by sending them to concentration camps.
The life of the Gypsies was similar to Jews. In 1938, they started being sent to concentration camps. People with mental or physical disabilities were different. Instead of getting sent to concentration camps, they got sent somewhere else. In 1939, a program called Operation 14 started. This is where people with these disabilities were sent to get murdered. Soon after this program started out, many were against it. Church leaders, parents of victims, physicians, and judges protested the killings.
This resulted in Hitler shutting down the program in 1941. Unfortunately, this did not stop the killings because doctors were encouraged to do so. Jehovah’s Witnesses lives were somewhat similar to the Jews and Gypsies. In 1933, they religion was outlawed by Hitler, but some continued to practice it. By 1934, they tried to fight off the Nazi’s by sending letters to the government explain their religion. The Nazi’s did not let this happen. Some were sent to concentration camps, but could be freed if they changed their religion. The victims roles was important because they were strong and fought for themselves, which is inspiring, also they were tortured or killed for only one reason: they were different.
As much as the perpetrators are bad people, they have a role, too. Two examples of perpetrators are the SS and the SA. The SA was found in 1921. The way they found new members is that they promised them adventures. By 1923 there was 15,000 members, and by 1933, there was 4.
5 million men. The SS was founded in 1925, it started small but eventually, a man named Heinrich Himmler took over. This resulted in a was between the SS and the SA, in which the SS won. The SS turned into the German police and this is where acts of terror were considered legal. By 1933, a camp was established by the SS and prisoners were sent there.
By 1934, the SS were in charge of all concentration camps. As bad as the role of a perpetrator, the importance in them is a learning experience for us. They are important because they taught us what was wrong, so people learn for their mistakes. The role of the resisters is very important. Whether it be unarmed or armed, they are equally as important. The unarmed resistance consisted of vitamins trying to escape the ways of the Nazis.
In 1933, the Nazis established them as a government. It came to a point when anyone against them were beaten or killed. This caused people to build underground organizations. This is where people against Nazis provided food and recieved news to others. They did this to continue their regular lives in secret.
The armed resistance was much more powerful. An example was the Partisans. They interrupted their enemy communication by cutting the telephone, cutting electrical lines, and destroying power stations. They also interfered with enemy transportation by blowing up bridges, blowing up railway equipment and roads, and sabotaging favorites that make railway materials. Many of the people in the ghettos left to join the Partisans. The role of the resisters is important because they helped stop the suffering of the victims.
The rescuers play a big role of importance. Some of the countries that fit this category are: the Netherlands, the Ukraine, France, Hungary, Denmark, Italy, and Greece. Rescuers had to accept the fact that people were different than them and in danger. The rescuer’s were also in danger themselves because they had to suffer consequences if they got caught. They would be publicly hanged, sent to concentration camps, or shot on sight. The country’s army wasn’t the only reducer in the Holocaust. Many can include: peasants or nannies, aristocrats and clergy, bakers and doctors, social workers, and storekeepers. The role of the rescuers was important because they saved victims to stop their suffering while being in danger of getting caught, and if they found a way to help, they did.
The survivors play a huge role in the Holocaust. There are 350,000 alive today, and those that survive have to risk not seeing family or friends ever again. Some survived by hiding from the enemies, or just toughening it out until the rescuers came along to help.
Either was is something that people should be proud of because of their conditions. The fact that they have to live with the horror of what they experienced for the rest of the lives is horrifying enough to prove their strength. Those who survive are very important today because it allows us to know their story and teach it to others. If we didn’t have them, we wouldn’t know about the Holocaust. In conclusion, the roles of people in the Holocaust are important.
If we didn’t have all of these roles, we wouldn’t know about the Holocaust. Whether the role be good or bad, they all helped in what is being taught today. So, next time you research a topic, understand the importance in the roles people play, because it could help you learn more. Work CitedFlorida Center for Instructional Technology. “Victims.” A Teacher’s Guide to the Holocaust- Victims, 2013, http://fcit.usf.
edu/holocaust/people/victims.htm. January 5, 2018.Florida Center for Instructional Technology. ” Perpetrators.
” A Teacher’s Guide to the Holocaust- Perpetrators, 2013, http://fcit.usf.edu/holocaust/people/perps.htm. January 5, 2018.Florida Center for Instructional Technology.
“Resisters.” A Teacher’s Guide to the Holocaust- Resisters, 2013, http://fcit.usf.edu/holocaust/people/resister.htm. January 5, 2018.
Florida Center for Instructional Technology. “Rescuers.” A Teacher’s Guide to the Holocaust- Rescuers, 2013,http://fcit.usf.
edu/holocaust/people/rescuer.htm. January 5, 2018.Florida Center for Instructional Technology.
“Survivors.” A Teacher’s Guide to the Holocaust- Survivors, 2013, http://fcit.usf.edu/holocaust/people/survivor.htm. January 5, 2018.