Langdon systems. He asserts that in order to accept

          Langdon Winner, in his article Do artifacts have politics? analyzed how
technology is closely related to politics, and more importantly how the context
in which the technology is exposed defines its impact. He argues that
technology regulates certain social foundations because it is inherently
political; that is, various technologies are democratic, while others by their nature,
are authoritarian. Specifically, they may have specific social outcomes that
can be qualified in political terms regardless of the purpose behind their creation.
Thus, concluding that artifacts have political qualities and can be judged in the
ways they represent power and authority.

          It is good to note that all the
technologies mentioned in the article are substantial infrastructures, as
opposed to small devices or portable gadgets. Therefore, this takes away the
great impact on individual living conditions and puts it all in political
arguments. Winner’s most debated example is the series of overpasses of the
bridges built around Long Island in the 1930s. According to Winner,
these bridges gained a political effect because of their low overpasses which
restrain the traffic of busses or oversized vehicles, hence only allowing privately
owned vehicles to access public parks and beaches. Presumably, to prevent low
income crowds and minorities from easily accessing the areas of middle and
upper classes. He depicts this by saying that in Long Island “many of his
monumental structures of concrete and steel embody a systematic social
inequality, a way of engineering relationships among people that, after a time,
becomes just another part of the landscape”. This is an illustration of a technological
design that suggested a political agenda. Winner goes on to compare
nuclear power to solar energy and the need for centralized systems. He asserts
that in order to accept nuclear power, one must also accept the industrial military
authority as a means for control. Contrarily, solar energy seems to accomplish tasks
more effectively under a democratic order.

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          After reading this article one can
conclude that technological systems have reformed the exercise of power.
However, science and technology remain best assurances of democracy and social justice,
because it is people who impose their particular politics on artifacts. Technological
politics draw attention to the characteristics of technical objects. For instance,
the design of spikes under bridges of metropolitan areas, as well as the dividing
armrests in public benches; both intended to drive away the homeless population
that roams these areas and maintain a neat environment. Considering the
consequences of technology is essential, as new technologies are designed,
these should be introduced in ways that will advance, rather than hinder social