Labaree created and proposed three alternatives for American Education:

Labaree created and proposed three alternatives for American Education: Democratic equality, social efficiency, and social mobilityDemocratic equality is based on the thought that everyone should be taught their full responsibilities as a citizen, and on an equal playing field, so when they become older they will be able be credible for they will be the ones running the democratic society. Social efficiency is based on the fact that everyone (overall) in society will benefit from more experienced workers, so we must require all students to be involved and we must offer them more types of practical study, for then everyone in the future will benefit at the same expense.Social mobility is based on the belief of an individual, in which education is unequally distributed, and in the future will provide a social advantage to that individual so they may be at the top of their other competitors in the social aspect of society.

It is noted that all three of these goals, all different, are however set to establish a working and functional societyHowever, their differences come from the type of people who would be adopting this sort of educational formSocial efficiency is centered around the thought of making the school curriculum more responsive to job needsOne of the main beliefs is that eventually students are going to leave schools and they move on to go into the job field, so ultimately, they are becoming part of the workforce. A result of this was the creation/start of vocational job programs at the college and high school levelsThe logic behind this type of schooling is that benefits anyone/everyone in society, since everyone will be required to be a part of this educationOverall, social efficiency is in the best interest of the taxpayer, for they are helping to fund students to come out of school and have a much higher guarantee of receiving a job and not taking money from taxpayers for being unemployed