KOREAN of Korea continued and the hostility of the

             KOREAN WAR (1950-1953)

 

The Korean War was a civil war that took place between
North Korea and South Korea in 1950-1953. This conflict, which broke out in the
early years of the Cold War, gained an international dimension, first with the participation
of the United States and its allies and then the People’s Republic of China. At
the end of the Korean War, the division of Korea continued and the hostility of
the two governments to each other was inherited today. The war continued with
the mutual attacks of the parties, but they did not excel each other. The
Korean War, in 2007, protected the ruling in writing with the agreement signed
between North Korea (Soviet Russia and People’s Republic of China) and South
Korea (US / UN alliance).

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Korea, which is bending up from epidemic diseases before
the war, was also used as a pawn in the last century and the economic
development of the country has come to a halt. After defeating the Russian tsar
in 1905, Japan invaded Korea, which had a strategic position in the region, and
wanted to infiltrate China.

Having been defeated by the World War II, Japan had to
leave Korea, one of the territories in its possession, to the US and Soviet
Russia. According to the agreement signed between America and Soviet Russia in
May 1945, after the end of the war, It has been decided that the United
Kingdom, America, Russia and China should be protected under joint custody. But
when Soviet Russia decided to participate in the far east war at the Potsdam
Conference in July 1945, the territory north of 38th latitude in Korea was
given to the Soviets and North Korea was included in the war. The two
governments, after establishing separate governments in Korea, withdraw their
troops from the region; a pro-Soviet government in the north and another pro-US
government in the south, and internal conflicts became inevitable. The Soviet
government, which did not immediately obey the war decision, declared war on
the Japanese after the two atomic bombs that America had thrown into Japan and
invaded Korea by inserting the northernmost of the 38th latitude.

Despite all of the initiatives of the United Nations, the
United States has made another government under its tutelage in the South of
Korea with a decision that the United States could not unite. Korea had great
geopolitical significance in its great name in order to be able to cross the
Asian continent, which is why large states have tried to protect their
interests over Korea in order to gain a geopolitical advantage. Soviet Russia has
begun making plans to throw America out of Korea first and then out of Japan
after Soviet Russia has taken control of China, although both Japan and South
Korea are in advantageous position as a military presence. For these reasons,
the Moscow government issued an order to invade the South Korean borders from
the North Korean forces on June 25, 1950.

The US government has taken action on North Korea’s
military intervention against South Korea and occupation of the 38th boundary
between them. According to US President Truman, this operation was a product of
a possible Soviet-Chinese deal. The US, cautious about it, first ordered the
5-star general “Douglas MacArthur,” the commander of Japanese
military units, to make military aid to South Korea. Immediately following this
incident, the United States, which had applied to the UN Security Council,
submitted a recommendation that South Korea should be helped, and this proposal
was accepted by nine positive votes against a negative vote belonging to
Yugoslavia. There was also no veto power because Soviet Russia, who protested
against the participation of the People’s Republic of China in the vote, did
not participate in the vote. In addition, the security council has reported
that North Korea should condemn the aggressive stance and withdraw its troops
from the 38th latitude.

 

UN troops was formed from Turkey, USA, UK, New Zealand,
Belgium, the Philippines, Canada, Luxembourg, Greece, Ethiopia, the Union of
South Africa, the Netherlands, the Colombian military.

North Korea, which failed to comply with the decision of
the Security Council, continued its progress to Seoul by not withdrawing its
troops. Upon this; The US, sending North Korea’s 8th line, which is in response
to this attitude, to the Taiwan islands; has taken measures to ensure the
safety of the island in a possible South Korean defeat. On the same day, the
Security Council decided to draft the resolution on the protection of South
Korea and was widely accepted. With the decision taken by the Security Council,
the UN has sent troops to South Korea, and North Korea has been defeated and
has begun to retreat to the 38th latitude. However, the troops occupied North
Korea and decided to unify the two governments, occupying the northern region
to the Chinese border.

The Chinese government wanted to take Taiwan islands with
the nationalistic state in mind. But this was unlikely with a possible
US-Korean allies government. For this reason, the People’s Republic of China,
actively involved in the war in the ranks of North Korea with the 38th latitude
of the UN forces, is actively supporting North Korea. On October 24, 1950, US
Admiral Douglas MacArthur, who reported that North Korea would be occupied by
the last offensive, was a development that did not add up. Hundreds of
thousands of volunteers from the People’s Republic of China have crossed the
Yalu River into Korea and infiltrated the positions of the US / UN forces,
giving them heavy losses. What is strange is that the Chinese People’s Army
militia, consisting of these volunteers, have forced the UN to stop its
progress and retreat. In January 1951, US President Truman called for a special
warrant of $ 50 billion for the “Korean War” and added 50% to Korean
military units, both as ammunition and soldier.

Chinese People’s Army troops have started to occupy the
southern region by spraying UN forces southward. However, the counterattack
against the UN forces was fixed along the latitude 38th latitude of the war
front. By the way, General Douglas MacArthur, when he did not listen to the
president’s order and wanted to move to the Chinese border, the bailiff was
dispatched immediately from the post. The main event that led to the withdrawal
of the general from duty; The attacks on the border with the United Nations forces
have been inconclusive, resulting in the general being removed from his mandate
to present Manchuria with an atomic bombing. After this, when the units in the
field of battle can not provide superiority to each other, they have
necessarily started to make peace negotiations. However, The US, Soviet Russia
and Chinese governments have been careful not to move the war out of the Korean
borders. Because a possible wrongful operation could lead to a general war. The
negotiations, which began in April 1951, were concluded only in July 1953 and
the Panmunjom Agreement was signed.

When the Korean War concluded with the treaty, North Korea
became the buffer zone between China and the Western bloc. When the Korean war
ended, the warfare became very heavy. 3 million people lost their lives in
battle. During the war, 56,000 US soldiers, 600,000 Korean soldiers, 500,000
Chinese soldiers and 1.5 million communists were killed. This war has taught
that America should not have much confidence in the atomic power. Submitting to
the alliance of North Korea, China and Soviets, the US has taken a decision
together with other states in Europe to create close combat and qualified
military units. To participate in the Korean War where soldiers from all UN
member states who have been participation from Turkey. 241 Turkish Regiments of
5,090 seats, including 259 officers under the command of “Brigadier Tahsin
Yaz?c?”, 18 military officers, 4 civil servants, 395 non-commissioned
officers, 4414 officers and soldiers participated in UN troops in Korea, moving
from Iskenderun port of Hatay on 17 September 1950. The
Turkish regiments, which achieved great success in the wars they participated
in, gave 721 martyrs and 2000 soldiers were wounded.

The treaty that ended the Korean war was begun to be
discussed and negotiations lasted two years when they understood that the
parties would not be superior to each other. The parties continued to fight in
the negotiation process. The Soviet leader Stalin died in March 1953, the
struggle for power worn the country, and finally he was willing to accept the
Soviet Russia deal. With the signing of the Panmunjom treaty, the 38th latitude
between North and South Korea has been accepted as the border again. Soviet
Russia understands that even if there are not many changes in boundaries and
conditions, he will not be able to throw America from Korea.

 

      

                                    SOURCES

 

http://www.tarihiolaylar.com/tarihi-olaylar/kore-savasi-77

http://www.history.com/topics/korean-war