It’s a Flat World, After All is
an article written by Thomas Friedman (Friedman 2005). This article is about
how globalization makes the world flat that high technology made the geography become
unnecessary in the economic process. On the other hand, The World is Spiky is an essay written by Richard Florida (Florida 2005).
It is about how the world is spiky because the globalization
implicates a world with peaks, that control and push the economic and political
process. Although these two articles have opposite points of view, honestly, I have no idea which theory is the real
correct one. However, I much prefer the Richard Florida’s statement.
Let’s clear about what exactly Mr.
Richard Florida (Florida 2005) wants to state. He believes that majority of
economic is concentrate in a few cities, and creative talent migrates and
coalesces in these cities. When people come together from all over the world to
the spike cities, then the geographic location becomes more and more necessary.
I preferred his theory base on three reasons.
Frist, the importance of cities is
world wide. People moving to cities perfectly explains that the economic,
tectonic forces and external circumstances have influence in these particular locations.
Some good examples can be global cities such as New York City, Shanghai, and
London. There is a good example on this, Shanghai used to not a big city, it was
just a small harbor town. When the war between China and Japan started,
Shanghai became important because it is an important transportation hub, and
was also a safe place, due to its position as a foreign colony. At that time,
most of the rich people moved there and the poor also found the opportunity
there too. Many years developing made the Shanghai became a well-known global
Second, better living standard and
condition. Based on the area most people live, we can tell the economic
activity and energy use is concentrated in these areas and the external
conditions are much better compare to the others, such as, light emissions,
precipitation, and temperature. Thus, in this part, you can compare two areas
or two cities, for example, like Huslia, AK and Charlotte, NC. It’s not hard to
tell people will pick Charlotte as the preferred than Huslia. The reason is
easy to understand, Charlotte has much better light emissions, precipitation,
and temperature for living and this will trend more economic activity and
energy use in Charlotte.
Third, high-end talents and high
production are concentrated in certain area. The innovations and patents most
often appear in those spike cities. The reason for this is because the
innovation and patents need capital operation, need more financiers,
scientists, and other talents involved. Some good examples can be developed
countries, such as the United States, Germany, Japan, and England. For example,
people all know that Germany is famous about precision instruments and mechanical
engineering, because of Germany is the leader in these filed, it can attract
many people working in this filed, and also gain recourses and capital by
export these things. The whole process of it is the idea of why high-end
talents and high production are concentrated in certain area.
In conclude, just like Richard
Florida (Florida 2005) states, the economic capital is concentrate in those
peak cities, talent migrates and coalesces are most likely living and working
in there. Then you will found out the geographic location becomes more and more
necessary cause of global concentrated.