IR441 American Politics and Foreign Policy –Final PaperName: Durmus KeremSurname: DemirbagLecturer: Soli OzelSubject: QUESTION #2 “In what waysdid the end of the Cold War affect American Foreign Policy? Present atrajectory of this foreign policy from George Bush Sr. through Clinton, BushJr., Obama and now Trump. How would you assess Trump’s foreign policy? what isidiosyncratic and what is structural in his choices so far? In what ways doesit differ from or is it similar to policies pursued by the post-cold warpresidents? In comparing Obama’s and trump’s responses to the post-9/11,post-Iraq, post-economic crisis international environment write an overallassessment.
” The end of the Cold War is one of the most important turning points inthe history of the world. The bipolar system of the world has ended after ColdWar and United States of America has become the influencer of the worldpolitics and economy. Since then the world has been into an era where USAdominated the international politics as much as they can. After the end of the Cold War, America’s foreign policy has changed fromthe bottom.
Before that it was all about containment and uniting the West Blockaround Soviet Union. With the end of the Cold War, there was nothing to containanymore. So their foreign policy changed deeply. Common view suggests that USA hada general strategy during the Cold War but after the end of the Cold War theycouldn’t come up with a strategy like that. It is believed that during the ColdWar, Washington followed a strategy called “containment” which was found byGeorge Kennan. According to this strategy, USA had determined the threat to challengethem and set up their agenda according to their plan to challenge the threat.The aim of this strategy was to avoid a war and get rid of the Soviet threat.With that, the American decision-maker system would place around the world and managethe threat of Soviets without starting a war like World War II where millions ofpeople died.
When Soviet threat had become a threat large enough like Nazi Germanyand Empire of Japan, containment strategy was developed in the context of asolution. But after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, a new general strategyneeded to be found. In common view USA could not developed a new general strategy after theCold War.