INTRODUCTIONIt describes a collection of metabolic diseases in which someone hashigh blood glucose, either as a result of inadequate insulin production orbecause the body cells do not react properly to insulin or both .Signs of a high blood sugar include regular urination,increased thirst, and increased hunger (James M, 2010).TYPES OF DIABETESType 1 diabetes-the body does not produce insulin. This type is referredas insulin dependent diabetes, juvenile diabetes or early onset diabetes.Patients mostly develop this type of diabetes before their 40th yearoften in early adulthood or teenage years.10%of all diabetes cases are type 1.
Secondly,Type2 diabetes-the body does not produce enough insulin for proper function or thecells in the body do not react to insulin.90%of all diabetes cases are type 2. Thirdly,Gestational diabetes-it affects females during pregnancy. This can becontrolled through exercise and diabetes but a given percentage of patientswill need to take some kind of blood glucose-controllingmedications.undiagnosed or uncontrolled gestational diabetes can raise risk ofcomplications during child birth: the baby may be bigger than the normal size Bingley PJ, (2011). Causes of diabetesDiabetes can be caused by; Viral or bacterial infection, Chemical toxinswithin food, Unidentifiedcomponent resulting to autoimmune reaction,Obesity, Living an inactive lifestyle, Increased age and also Bad diet (Kirkman MS, 2010).
Symptoms of diabetesGoing to the toilet a lot, especially atnight. Mostly frequent urination,being really thirsty, Feeling more fatigued than usual even after doing a lessengaging task, unexpected weight loss,unusual genital itching or thrush which is very uncomfortable to handle and also cuts and wounds take longer to heal due tothe weakened white blood cells in the body and also Blurred vision (Colucci RA, 2011).TreatmentMedication for the diabetes type 1 patients is a insulin injections fortheir lifetime. They must also ensure proper blood glucose levels be carryingout regular blood tests and following a special diet.
Some people may be ableto control their type 2 diabetes symptoms by losing weight following a healthydiet doing plenty of exercise and monitoring their blood glucose levels. Ifthis type gets worse the patients end up taking insulin in tablet form. Thiscan be controlled through exercise and diabetes but a given percentage ofpatients will need to take some kind of blood glucose-controlling medications.undiagnosedor uncontrolled gestational diabetes can raise risk of complications duringchild birth: the baby may be bigger than the normal size (Palmer K 2012). CONCLUSIONDiabetes is a sluggishkiller with no identified curable treatment. However, its complications can bereduced through thorough awareness and timely treatment. It is vital to ensurethe blood glucose levels of patients are under strict control to avoid the complications.
Generally regular exercise can not only in enhanced control of blood sugar butalso helps to manage weight and blood pressure as it decelerates the badcholesterol and accelerate the level of good cholesterol in the blood (GoldfineKA, 2010). .