IntroductionWastein Canada has been a pressing issue since the global population started toexpand at alarming rates and with that. Our consumption and waste net wrothalso increased, leaving us with the issue of where to discard it. Most optionshave led to disastrous results to our naturally occuring ecosystems like sewageleaks into the ocean, fish dying, incineration. Food waste in Canada is also aproblem that not only leaves millions starving to death but also affects theamount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. This essay will agree thatdiverting food waste to charitable food programs will not address foodinsecurity in Canada given that it doesn’t address the underlying issue, unableto meet long term needs and the lack of policy interventions.DiscussionDivertingfood waste to charitable food programs will not address food insecurity inCanada given that it doesn’t address the underlying issue which is lowfinancial income. Societal factors like income can affect a person’s foodintake and over all health.
In conjunction with the materialist concept ofhealth, individuals need to feel inter-connectedness to one’s family/ friendsand being in control to do things that are important or have meaning in orderto reduce risk of health issues’ (Raphael, D. 2016). Food insecure individualsdo not have this kind of control or freedom over their leisure spending habits.If health insecurity continues to prevail without justice being done to thelower class, then there will continue to be impoverished people living withoutproper nutritional food.
The Neo-materialist approach also supports this idea thatthe effect of income inequality on health reflects a combination of negativeexposures and lack of resources like food by individuals, along with a reduced lifestyleof living in the ranges human, physical, health, and social infrastructure (Raphael,D. (2016). This approach prompts the wealthy and social power to promote labourand health-supporting public policies associated with welfare state.). Thealternative of food banks will not solve this problem because unless the first primaryneeds like financial support are met, food insecurity will not easily be solved.Foodbanks cannot support or address the issues of food insecurity because itsunable to meet the long term needs of food waste in Canada. Food banks evenlack the capacity to meet short term needs.
Their daily operations rely ondonations and volunteer service, so they are limited to give out what they aregiven. It is routine for food banks to report having to cut back on the amountof food they distribute because demand exceeds supply. The help food banksprovide is not nearly enough to provide a house hold with the security toprovide for their basic needs (Dachner, Tarasuk, 2017). They and othercharitable food programs are heavily dependent on volunteer labour; volunteersare responsible for receiving, sorting, parcelling, storing and distributingfood. Furthermore, most food banks operate only one to two days a week, andmany are reliant on donated space (Dachner, Tarasuk, 2017). Mostare operating at full capacity to provide as much safe food as they can totheir clients.
In order to provide more food, they would have to hirevolunteers that have experts in handling food safely due to an increasedamount. Directing more surplus food towards food banks will put further burdenon an already delicate system. Charitable food assistanceprograms also add to the costs of waste by disposing of unused food that couldnot be distributed. Increasing the volume of surplus food donations that areexempt from the usual food safety standards will increase the burden onvoluntary organizations to manage this food. It will heighten the need forwell-trained volunteers to separate edible from inedible food; increase thevolume of food waste that these agencies must dispose of; and possibly pose anincreased food safety risk to food bank users (Dachner,Tarasuk, 2017). So, therefore, foodbanks would need to increase their number of volunteers to deal with n increasein donations without risk to the volunteers and receivers. Thebehavioural life style of those affected by food insecurity is not a surprisingone.
Nearly 13% of Canadians experience food insecurity — insecure orinadequate access to food due to financial constraints. Most of those 600,000 individuals do not accessthese available food banks. 75% food insecure Canadians do not use food banksand those that do are not deemed food insecure.
(Dachner, Tarasuk,2017). The evidence from this is clear: The reduction of foodinsecurity requires policy interventions that will improve the financial circumstancesof very-low-income households (Dachner, Tarasuk, 2017). The national ‘FoodWaste Reduction Strategy’ believes that promoting edible food waste to foodorganization can effectively solve problems of hunger and food Insecurity.
There is no evidence that food waste would necessarily be reduced by donatedunusable products to food banks. American corporations have beenreceiving tax credits for donating wastes to charities since the 1970s, withlittle or no evidence of any meaningful impact on either food insecurity orfood waste. An estimated 32 million tonnes of food are wasted each year in theUS, but donations to Feeding America (the national food bank network) divertedonly 3.
7 percent of this food to charitable programs in 2014. (Dachner,Tarasuk, 2017). Despite extensive investments in public and charitable food assistanceprograms, food insecurity in the US is more than double that in Canada.
As isseen in America, the incentive of tax credits and donations to food banks didlittle to reduce the food waste in that country.ConclusionInconclusion, diverting food waste to charitable food programs cannot merely fixthe issue of food insecurity in Canada. Unequal distribution of money, the inabilityto support long term use and lack of policy making will make it nearly impossibleto have food banks as the solution to this problem, the Income is the main issuethat should be addressed to reduce food waste and insecurity; Articles called foodwaste security support this theory. Works CitedRaphael,D. (2016).
Health and illness. Winnipeg: Fernwood.Tarasuk,V., Dachner, N. (2017). Food Waste and Food Insecurity in Canada. Policy Options