Introduction Hence the need to communicate the governance procedures


Information technology governance planning refers to the
development of a formal framework that stipulates the organizations structure
with an aim of aligning the IT investments with the business objectives. The
demand for IT governance in the United States was created through the implementation
of a wide variety of laws including the Sarbanes –Oxley and Gramm Leach Bliley Act
(GLBA) enacted with an aim addressing an increase in corporate fraud in the
early 1990s and 2000s. IT governance planning is applicable for both private
and public organizations as they both need a mechanism to align their IT
functions with business objectives. Despite this fact, it is critical to note
that IT governance is wide in its approach thus the implementation of a comprehensive
IT Governance strategy may be time and resource intensive thus the need to use
only essential methods for small and medium sized enterprises.

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State of Minnesota Government IT governance plan

According to the State of Minnesota, IT governance aims at informing,
aligning decision making in regards to information technology planning,
operations and policies that meet the organization’s objectives. Thus in 2012
the State of Minnesota executive branch agreed on the development of an IT governance
plan with the aim of clarifying the relationship between the customers, centralized
IT organization and consumers serving as companions to comprehensive service
agreements. Thus the organization developed an IT governance plan that meets
the unique needs of the state of Minnesota’s government customers as well as
provide a framework to successfully manage the complex IT environment via a
singular executive branch. Hence increasing the success of the government’s
business(State of Minnesota).


In the State of Minnesota governance plan, one critical
factor that was noted is communication. Communication within an organization in
the planning and implementation of the IT governance plan is crucial as failure
to communicate effectively may act as an abyss to progress. Hence the need to
communicate the governance procedures and outcomes to the Top management as
well as the IT community as they are the main stakeholders of the project.
Regular publication of the project details are shared ensuring that each
stakeholder is aware of their role as well remain well informed(State of

Definition of roles

The state of Minnesota governance plan has strategically
identified and defined the role of each stakeholder including the customer,
State CIO, Technology and advisory committee. The definition of roles in governance
plan is critical at its divides the plan into sections and each section has a
person or a group that is responsible for its success and development.  Secondly, the definition of roles makes its simpler
to comprehend the governance plan as a whole as one can easily identify the
role of each stakeholder in the overall outcome(State of Minnesota).


In the starting phases of planning, the State of Minnesota clearly
outlines there vision.  The
identification of a vision is critical in guiding the organization in the
development of an effective governance plan. The vision includes the path and
direction, in which the organization is moving, which if stipulated in the
beginning facilitates easier alignment of company goals with IT(State of


IT governance planning can be implemented in a wide variety
of ways and it depends on the company goals. Hence the need for each
organization to select or develop their own unique strategy which addresses
these issues comprehensively. All in all IT governance planning is major
requirement for any organization especially in the 21st century
where the role of technology can no longer be ignored


State of Minnesota IT governance Framework(2012) retrieved